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African Wild Dog
Transcript of African Wild Dog
Two different symbiotic relationships involving the African Wild Dog are commensalism between the African Wild Dog and lions and parasitism between the African Wild Dog and the parasite Babesia rossi. In this relationship, the leftovers of the animals that the lions have eaten are left and the African Wild Dog is able to eat them without affecting the lion, and without having to hunt its own prey. Babesia rossi is a parasite that is prevalent in Africa. It affects many different types of dogs such as jackels and the African Wild Dog, and it can immensely affect puppies and adult dogs.
Species : Lycaon Pictus
African Wild Dog
By: Aniya King and JaRai Howard
Major threats to the survival of wild dogs include accidental and targeted killings by humans, viral diseases like rabies and distemper, habitat loss and competition with larger predators like lions. Conflicts occur when wild dogs come in contact with people whose livelihoods rest largely on livestock and agriculture. Problems arise when expanding human activities decrease the habitat for available prey for wild dogs.
It is believed that fewer than 5,000 wild dogs currently exist in the wild, and their range has declined from 33 to 15 countries. The largest populations exist in Botswana, Zimbabwe and Tanzania. The initial population reduction came during the early part of the century as a result of a very successful extermination campaign led by ranchers who feared the loss of livestock. Today, the effects of diseases (e.g., rabies, canine distemper, and parvovirus) spread by domestic dogs are having an even more devastating effect on wild dog numbers. Of additional concern is inbreeding due to the formation of genetically distinct groups of dogs in the southern and eastern regions of their current range.
African Wild Dog -common name
Lycaon Pictus- scientific name
African Wild Dogs are found naturally roaming the deserts, open-plains and arid savanna of sub-Saharan Africa.
In African Wild Dog packs, there is usually only one breeding pair, which are the dominant male and female members. After a gestation period of around 70 days, the female African Wild Dog gives birth to between 2 and 20 pups in a den.
The african wild dog size is 75cm - 110cm (29in - 43in)
Also known as the painted dog!
No two wild dogs have the same coat pattern and coloration. This trait allows researchers to easily identify individuals.
Wild dogs can run as fast as 41 mph and maintain that speed for up to one hour.
As dens for their young, wild dogs often use abandoned aardvark holes.
African wild dog
Cape Wart Hog
The African wild dog has large, rounded ears, which help to keep track of pack members by picking up long distance vocal calls, and probably also help with heat loss. It has a short broad muzzle and powerful jaw muscles that allow it to grab and hang on to its prey. Its multicoloured coat helps it to blend in with its habitat.
– The Wild Dog and the wolf did have a common ancestor about 3
million years ago. The genus Lycaon first appeared about 1.5 million years ago
and is now found as a free living species only in Africa
About 2 million years ago the ancestors of the animals that we now call the
Wild Dog and the Wolf followed different genetic pathways, with the first
wolves being domesticated, and
known as the domestic dog, in Asia, from where it spread throughout the
world reaching Africa in the company of human immigrants by about 7000
The African Wild Dog (also known as the Painted Dog and the Cape Hunting Dog) is a medium sized species of canine found across sub-Saharan Africa
Within a decade the population increased from near-extinction to become the 6th largest in the world. Rates and causes of mortality, and reproductive rates, were similar on community lands, where people and livestock were abundant but competing predators suppressed, and on commercial ranches, where human and livestock densities were lower but competitors more abundant. Larger packs produced larger litters, indicating a component Allee effect. However, because pack size was unrelated to population size, growth of the population was not impeded at low densities; that is, no demographic Allee effect was detectable. These results show that, despite earlier concerns, wild dogs can achieve rapid population recovery, even in a human-dominated landscape. This recovery was probably facilitated by local pastoralist traditions, which combine vigilant herding of livestock with little or no hunting of wild prey. This success might be replicated in other areas where traditional pastoralism is still practiced.
Ancestors and relatives