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How has education changed and evolved over the past 60 years?

Education and pedagogy continue to evolve. Let's take a look at the past and present.

Don Matthews

on 2 July 2013

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Transcript of How has education changed and evolved over the past 60 years?

Subject 1
Education reform began in the 1970's with the idea of an Open Classroom model which encouraged individualized learning. This was the era of the student centered classroom, based on the idea that students could move freely and teachers could group children based upon ability or skill levels. Some schools were without interior walls, and others were adapted to have some interior barriers. Without proper teacher training and support, the Open Classrooms model was largely abandoned in the late 70's and 80's and education returned to a more traditional model. However, the premise of the open classroom model is supported by research.
Many of us were students during this era. Most of our academic learning was by rote memorization. Content was delivered in a traditional linear fashion, with teachers doing the talking and students doing the listening.
John Dewey (1859-1952) believed in "Progressive Education" and viewed school as both a place to acquire content knowledge and to develop social thinking and awareness.
Jean Piaget (1896-1980) believed that individuals construct their own meaning (constructivism) through the interacting processes of assimilation, adaptation, accommodation and equilibrium, and the extension of schema, or ways of thinking.
Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) believed the learning process was not a solitary exploration by a child of the environment, as suggested by Piaget’s personal constructivist theory, but rather a process of appropriation by the child of culturally relevant behaviour (McInerney and McInerney:1998)
How has education changed and evolved over the past 60 years?
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