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Study Session

Building Design & Construction
by

Harriet Grindel

on 9 October 2012

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Transcript of Study Session

Building Design &
Construction Systems 85 MC Questions 1:45 PRINCIPLES
(27-36 percent of scored items)

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
(11-17 percent of scored items)

CODES & REGULATIONS
(7-10 percent of scored items)

MATERIALS & TECHNOLOGY
(31-40 percent of scored items)

PROJECT & PRACTICE MANAGEMENT
(7-13 percent of scored items) 3 Vignettes 2:45 PRINCIPLES

Consider the impact of human behavior, historic precedent, and design theory in the selection of systems, materials, and methods on building design and construction.

Building Design
Develop tasks, procedures, and methods associated with schematic design and design development such as basic engineering principles, spatial visualization and modeling.

Design Principles and Design Impact on Human Behavior
Assess the affect of form, scale, color, texture, ergonomics, lighting, universal design, spatial organization, and acoustics in building design to meet user needs and client requirements.

Building Systems and their Integration
Determine appropriate building systems such as structural, mechanical, electrical, and specialties using basic engineering principles and coordinate these systems into a coherent design that best meets the client’s requirements.

Implications of Design Decisions
Assess the impact of early design decisions concerning building orientation, area, materials and products selection, cost, code, phasing, future technology changes, and sustainability on the later phases of detailed design, construction, and building use.

Space Planning and Facility Planning/Management
Initiate schematic design and design development decisions including spatial visualization and modeling.

Fixtures, Furniture, Equipment, and Finishes
Assess the selection of fixtures, furniture, equipment, and finishes made in schematic design and design development.

Adaptive Reuse of Buildings and/or Materials
Consider the constraints, issues, methods, programmatic implications and cost impact associated with adaptive reuse of buildings and/or materials during schematic design and design development phases.

Architectural History and Theory
Apply concepts of architectural history and theory in decision making. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Consider the impact of applying principles of sustainable design including adaptive re-use, thermal and moisture protection, energy consumption and utilization, alternative energy, and hazardous material mitigation to proposed project.

Hazardous Conditions and Materials
Identify the requirements of regulatory agencies and their impact on design. Survey, evaluate, and document existing conditions related to hazardous materials.Develop strategies for mitigation.

Indoor Air Quality
Develop strategies to ensure indoor air quality.

Sustainable Design
Develop designs that minimize environmental impact, pursues recyclable and replacement strategies, considers life-cycle analysis, utilizes renewable resources, and minimizes material consumption and waste.

Natural and Artificial Lighting
Develop strategies that utilize daylight, solar control, energy consumption.

Alternative Energy Systems and New Material Technologies
Investigate technological advances and innovative building products. CODES & REGULATIONS

Incorporate building and specialty codes, zoning, and other regulatory requirements for inclusion in site design and construction.

Government and Regulatory Requirements and Permit Processes
Conduct code analysis to determine compliance with government and regulatory requirements and the permitting processes.

Specialty Codes and Regulations including Accessibility Laws, Codes and Guidelines
Conduct analysis of codes and regulations such as ADAAG, seismic codes, life safety, Fair Housing Act, and historic preservation requirements to incorporate into the site design and construction. MATERIALS & TECHNOLOGY

Consider impact of design decisions in the selection of systems, materials, and methods on building design and construction.

MATERIALS
Identify the properties and characteristics of materials.
Building Systems and their Integration
Implications of Design Decisions
Construction Details and Constructability
Construction Materials
Product Selection and Availability
Cost Estimating, Value Engineering, and Life-Cycle Costing
Thermal and Moisture Protection
Natural and Artificial Lighting

MASONRY
METALS
WOOD
CONCRETE
SPECIALTIES PROJECT & PRACTICE MANAGEMENT

Ascertain the impact of construction sequencing, scheduling, cost, and risk management on the selection of systems, materials, and methods.

Determine the impact of construction sequencing, scheduling, cost, and risk management on selection of systems, materials, and methods.

Construction Sequencing
Prepare phasing plans for building design and construction.

Cost Estimating, Value Engineering, and Life-Cycle Costing
Develop and revise cost estimates for building design and construction through the design development phase.

Project Schedule Management
Manage the building design and construction schedule of professional services and document project progress via contract document setup, storyboarding, and staffing projections.

Risk Management
Assess building design and construction professional and general liability and risk management procedures, phasing, budget, and schedule. MASONRY

Mortar
Mortar is a mixture of cement, lime, sand and water.
Grout
Grout is similar to mortar, but is mixed to a pouring consistency and used to fill wall cavities or cores of masonry units.
Brick
Types of Brick
Brick Coursing
Brick Joints
Other Masonry Types
Concrete Block
Structural Clay Tile
Glass Block
Stone
Stone Finishes
Stone Coursing METALS

Fabrication
Rolled
Extruded
Finishes
Joining
fasteners
welding
brazing GALVANIC SERIES
the metals are listed in order of their susceptibility to corrosion. The farther apart the metals are from each other on the list the greater the possibility for corrosion when they are in contact
zinc
glavanized steel
aluminum
steel and iron
stainless steel
lead
tin
copper alloys (brass, bronze)
copper Ferrous Metals vs. Nonferrous Metals

Ferrous metals are those that contain a substantial amount of iron; nonferrous metals are those that do not.

Primary types of ferrous metals used in construction include iron, steel stainless steel, and other steel alloys.

Primary types of nonferrous metals used in construction include aluminum, copper and copper alloys such as bronze and brass. Other nonferrous metals such as zinc, lead and gold are of limited use. WOOD

Terminology

Wood is the hard fibrous substance lying beneath the bark of trees

Lumber is wood that has been sawn into construction members

Timber is lumber that is five inches or larger in its least dimension CONCRETE

Composition of Concrete (typical mix 1:3:5 , 1 part cement, three parts fine aggregate, 5 parts coarse aggregate)
Portland Cement (lime, silica, iron oxide, and alumina) the adhesive
94 pounds per cubic foot
Aggregate (classified by size)
Fine (sand) 1/4" or less
Coarse 1/4" to 1 1/2"
Maximum aggregate size should be no greater than 1/3 the thickness of concrete slabs, or 3/4 of the minimum space between reinforcing bars
100 pounds per cubic foot
Water
8 pounds per gallon
Admixtures
Accelerators
Air-entraining agents
Retarders
Waterproofing
Water-reducing
Workability agents Wood is classified as softwood or hardwood dependent on the type of tree from which it was harvested.

Softwoods come from needle-leaved conifers.

Hardwoods come from broad-leaved deciduous trees.

Terms are botanical, not structural. Balsa is hardwood. Cutting and Sawing of Lumber Lumber Sizes

Nominal Dimensions are how lumber is classified. Dressed dimensions (finished) are smaller due to seasoning and surfacing of the board. Lumber is measured, computed and priced in board feet. A board foot is defined as a nominal 1"x12" board one foot in length. Compressive Strength refers to the strength 28 days after being placed.

Typical strength 3,000-6,000 psi after 28 days. Most common around 4,000 psi.

Possible for strengths of 10,000 psi or greater.

Slump Test test workability of concrete ACCESSIBILITY & RAMP VIGNETTE
(27-36 percent of scored items)

STAIR DESIGN
(11-17 percent of scored items)

ROOF PLAN
(7-10 percent of scored items)
Full transcript