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Effects Swimming Strokes Have on the Muscles

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Laura Powell

on 7 September 2012

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Transcript of Effects Swimming Strokes Have on the Muscles

By: Beth Powell Effects Swimming Strokes have on the Muscles
breast
back
butterfly
crawl There are 4 main strokes in swimming Back stroke..... Butterfly http://www.swimtoslim.com/2010/12/muscles-used-swimming/ Biceps, Triceps, Deltoids
latissimus Dorsi, Trapezius
Gluteus Maximus
Quaddriceps, Hamstrings Biceps, Triceps, Deltoids ,Pectorals , Rectus Abdominus .
Latissimus Dorsi , Trapezius, Gluteus Maximus , Abductor Magnus ,Gastrocnemius Tibialis Anterior Breaststroke is a popular stroke used frequently while training
Although it is not as strenuous as the other three strokes, it still requires almost all the body’s muscle groups to be exercised
Emphasis on the lower limb and lower trunk region. Almost identical muscle groups as freestyle
Major difference between back and freestyle
There's no need to twist your head Biceps, Triceps, Deltoids
Latissimus Dorsi , Trapezius, Spinus Erectors ,
Rhomboid Major & Minor, Gluteus Maximus , Abductor Magnus
Quadriceps , Hamstrings, Gastrocnemius , Tibialis Anterior Butterfly stroke is the least used swimming stroke
Most strenuous of all four swimming strokes.
Requires more effort to propel through the water
Emphasis on the back trunk and lower limb muscle groups.


External Oblique , Rectus Abdominus
Latissimus Dorsi , Trapezius, Teres Major & Minor, Rhomboid Major & Minor, Gluteus Maximus,
Quadriceps, Hamstrings, Gastrocnemius , Tibialis Anterior FREE STYLE Freestyle is one of the most popular swimming strokes used in training Swimmer's shoulder
Breaststroker's Knee Injuries Muscles used during backstroke Also known as the Front Crawl Focuses on the limbs Muscles Used During the Breast Stroke Breaststroke A term to describe the pain in the shoulder of a competitive swimmer. Swimmer's Shoulder Several different issues can be labeled as having swimmers shoulder Poorly localized (Cant point to the exact spot) Often irritation and inflammation http://www.raymondchiropractic.com/articles-swimmers_shoulder.html 73% of breaststroke swimmers have it
Weakness in the medial collateral ligament
because of repeated stretching
Improper technique of the "whip kick" Breaststroker's Knee http://www.prolonews.com/swimmer's_knee_injuries.htm http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k38s5PZoVHo http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/93213-overview http://www.google.com/imgres?q=swimming&num=10&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=ozc8goApW21F8M:&imgrefurl=http://www.loretto.org/Loretto%2520Academy/swimming.html&imgurl=http://www.loretto.org/Loretto%252520Academy/Images/icons/swimming.jpg&w=1280&h=1024&ei=uNk-UKLTM4qk8gStpoCwCw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=408&vpy=191&dur=247&hovh=201&hovw=251&tx=150&ty=154&sig=112921794358962584113&page=1&tbnh=157&tbnw=190&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:144 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=swimming+backstroke&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=DTwvleCv1-oU7M:&imgrefurl=http://the17thman.onsugar.com/Water-Bottle-Penny-Backstroke-Drill-7582600&imgurl=http://the17thman.typepad.com/.a/6a00d8341c6c5753ef00e553d276478833-500wi&w=400&h=600&ei=o9o-UL2ZMo6K8QSAkYGIDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=618&vpy=154&dur=1045&hovh=275&hovw=183&tx=112&ty=199&sig=112921794358962584113&page=1&tbnh=157&tbnw=105&start=0&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:121 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=swimming+backstroke&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=oSi1s7a1aePKzM:&imgrefurl=http://www.thenational.ae/sport/uae-sport/swimming-emirati-brothers-enter-record-books&imgurl=http://www.thenational.ae/deployedfiles/Assets/Richmedia/Image/PS151210--FINA08.jpg&w=462&h=308&ei=o9o-UL2ZMo6K8QSAkYGIDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=187&vpy=423&dur=43&hovh=183&hovw=275&tx=201&ty=187&sig=112921794358962584113&page=3&tbnh=159&tbnw=212&start=50&ndsp=28&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:50,i:272 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=swimming+breaststroke&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=p5LdDxEEsl_YxM:&imgrefurl=http://blogs.bettor.com/Leiston-Pickett-conquers-Womens-100m-breaststroke-heats-EnergyAustralia-Swimming-Championships-a137944&imgurl=http://answers.bettor.com/images/Articles/thumbs/extralarge/Leiston-Pickett-conquers-Womens-100m-breaststroke-heats-EnergyAustralia-Swimming-Championships-137944.jpg&w=543&h=390&ei=stw-UOrUD4qs9ASSjICQBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=659&vpy=406&dur=4318&hovh=190&hovw=265&tx=121&ty=77&sig=112921794358962584113&page=3&tbnh=169&tbnw=225&start=45&ndsp=27&ved=1t:429,r:17,s:45,i:336 http://www.shutterstock.com/pic-74164945/stock-photo-professional-swimmer-breaststroke-isolated-black-background.html http://www.google.com/imgres?q=swimming+butterfly&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=dTgAkaAUoJ90IM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Swimming_at_the_2008_Summer_Paralympics_-_women_Butterfly_stroke.jpg&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f9/Swimming_at_the_2008_Summer_Paralympics_-_women_Butterfly_stroke.jpg&w=950&h=665&ei=790-UI21AZOy8ASt4IC4Cg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=447&vpy=147&dur=2391&hovh=188&hovw=268&tx=165&ty=134&sig=112921794358962584113&page=1&tbnh=150&tbnw=215&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0,i:150 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=swimming+butterfly&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=jXhKqMij5m_oHM:&imgrefurl=http://marksavagephoto.blogspot.com/2010/08/michael-phelps-swimming-butterfly.html&imgurl=http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_ZW1NvsDVQkc/TFoUBkFh-iI/AAAAAAAAAhI/wn1H08qbQwg/s1600/Michael%252BPhelps%252Bbutterfly%252BMark%252BSavage2.jpg&w=800&h=536&ei=790-UI21AZOy8ASt4IC4Cg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=183&vpy=366&dur=175&hovh=184&hovw=274&tx=189&ty=143&sig=112921794358962584113&page=2&tbnh=159&tbnw=203&start=19&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:19,i:206 Muscles used in butterfly http://www.google.com/imgres?q=swimming+butterfly&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=jXhKqMij5m_oHM:&imgrefurl=http://marksavagephoto.blogspot.com/2010/08/michael-phelps-swimming-butterfly.html&imgurl=http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_ZW1NvsDVQkc/TFoUBkFh-iI/AAAAAAAAAhI/wn1H08qbQwg/s1600/Michael%252BPhelps%252Bbutterfly%252BMark%252BSavage2.jpg&w=800&h=536&ei=790-UI21AZOy8ASt4IC4Cg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=183&vpy=366&dur=175&hovh=184&hovw=274&tx=189&ty=143&sig=112921794358962584113&page=2&tbnh=159&tbnw=203&start=19&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:19,i:206 Muscles used in Freestyle http://www.google.com/imgres?q=swimming+butterfly&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=jXhKqMij5m_oHM:&imgrefurl=http://marksavagephoto.blogspot.com/2010/08/michael-phelps-swimming-butterfly.html&imgurl=http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_ZW1NvsDVQkc/TFoUBkFh-iI/AAAAAAAAAhI/wn1H08qbQwg/s1600/Michael%252BPhelps%252Bbutterfly%252BMark%252BSavage2.jpg&w=800&h=536&ei=790-UI21AZOy8ASt4IC4Cg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=183&vpy=366&dur=175&hovh=184&hovw=274&tx=189&ty=143&sig=112921794358962584113&page=2&tbnh=159&tbnw=203&start=19&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:19,i:206 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=swimming+breaststroke&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=p5LdDxEEsl_YxM:&imgrefurl=http://blogs.bettor.com/Leiston-Pickett-conquers-Womens-100m-breaststroke-heats-EnergyAustralia-Swimming-Championships-a137944&imgurl=http://answers.bettor.com/images/Articles/thumbs/extralarge/Leiston-Pickett-conquers-Womens-100m-breaststroke-heats-EnergyAustralia-Swimming-Championships-137944.jpg&w=543&h=390&ei=stw-UOrUD4qs9ASSjICQBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=659&vpy=406&dur=4318&hovh=190&hovw=265&tx=121&ty=77&sig=112921794358962584113&page=3&tbnh=169&tbnw=225&start=45&ndsp=27&ved=1t:429,r:17,s:45,i:336 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=breast+strokers+knee&num=10&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=xi6rkTA_pGz47M:&imgrefurl=http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/lane9/news/Commentary/30270.asp&imgurl=http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/media/Medial_Knee.JPG&w=480&h=643&ei=1sVGUL3SE4749gSm5YC4BQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=964&vpy=346&dur=29&hovh=260&hovw=194&tx=108&ty=257&sig=112921794358962584113&page=1&tbnh=161&tbnw=115&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:18,s:0,i:131 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=front+crawl&hl=en&biw=1600&bih=719&tbm=isch&tbnid=jA7q8UINsrKXQM:&imgrefurl=http://www.channelone.com/life/sports/gal_swimming/&imgurl=http://images.channelone.com/img/life/sports/front-crawl-photos.jpg&w=392&h=292&ei=csdGUNneJIHI9QS1h4GIBQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=545&vpy=188&dur=5884&hovh=194&hovw=260&tx=139&ty=162&sig=112921794358962584113&page=1&tbnh=144&tbnw=157&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0,i:118
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