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The Kite Runner: Human Rights
Transcript of The Kite Runner: Human Rights
Works Cited Article 4: No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. This is shown in the book "The Kite Runner" by Khaled Hosseini. Human rights issues and injustices that are portrayed throughout the novel are: women treatment, Hazaras vs. Pashtuns relationships, and the Freedom Rights in Afghanistan. Freedom Rights For years the country of Afghanistan has proven a strong line of injustice and discrimination to women. Present day Afghanistan is not much different from 30 years ago (in relation to women's rights). Day to day women suffer from abuse, isolation, and a magnitude of double standards. In Afghanistan men have alienated women from participating in society, which leaves the women feeling isolated and dismal. A woman's husband has the right of life or death, but ultimately an angry mob has the power to stone a women for exposing herself one bit. As seen in The Kite Runner the Taliban used fear and violence to control the Afghan people, as seen in Ghazi Stadium during chapter 21.
A dominant minority of the Afghanistan people referred to as the "true" Afghans are the Pashtuns. Where as the underpriviledged minority are observed as the Hazara society. "The woman's knees buckled under her and she slumped to the ground. The soldiers pulled her up and she slumped again. When they tried to lift her again, she screamed and kicked. I will never, as long as I draw breath, forget the sound of that scream" (page 282). The young girls of Afghanistan are forced to accept their parents wishes, and marry early on in life (this will guarantee survival). The Pashtuns are "over running"
the Hazara population. In The Kite Runner Amir and Soraya's relationship is based purely off this. "Father and sons could talk freely about women. But no Afghan girl- no decent and mohtaram Afghan girl, at least- queried her father about a young man" (Page 155). More often than not however, women suffer from a massive percentage of domestic violence, and being taken advantage of. In The Kite Runner, an Afghan woman is dehumanized on Baba's and Amir's journey to Pakistan, when a Russian soldier demands to "see" the girl before they are able to pass. In The Kite Runner, Pashtuns are portrayed as the "gifted" and well treated. "Karmi cleared his throat...said the soldier wanted a half hour with the lady in the back." "Broad entryway flanked by rosebushes led to the sprawling house of marble floors and wide windows." Page 4 "Karmi and the Russian soldier spoke. He says...he says every price has a tax" (Page 121). These women that choose to flee such situations are put in jail for the moral crimes of escaping this. Often exceeding sentences of up to ten years. If a woman is arrested for such a crime the Afghan family will not accept her back upon releasement. Article 3: Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. Meanwhile, Hazaras were treated like slaves in their own country. Cooking, cleaning doing everything and anything their "owners" needed. When the Taliban took over Afghanistan from 1996-2001 women faced discrimination on a whole new level. They were paid right? They were banned from attending school. Forced to wear a burqa covering their entire body. "What does he know, that illiterate Hazara? He'll never be anything but a cook. How dare he criticize you?" (Page 37) ...and prohibited from leaving home without a male companion. WRONG- they slaved all day
without getting paid from their Pashtun employer, or gaining any respect for the job they performed. The Taliban reasoned that all this was for a woman's "honor" and "safeguard." "Did all the cooking, all the
cleaning. Hassan tended to
the flowers in the garden,
soaked the roots, picked
off yellowing leaves,
and planted rosebushes."
Page 219 Anyone who rebelled against them risked being shot or beaten. In The Kite Runner when Amir returns to Afghanistan in search of Sohrab he comes face to face with all these new changes. A bit shocked and surprised with the Taliban's new rules, Amir must adapt to the changes as a man head on- a clear advantage over the women. Pashtuns intimidated the Hazaras by calling them names, and treating them unfairly just because they didn't "look" like the dominant society, with an Asian decent ethnicity. "They drive around looking. Looking and hoping that someone will provoke them. And on those days when no one offends, well, there is always random violence. Keep your eyes on your feet when the Talibs are near." (Page 260) "They called him "flat-nosed" because of Ali and Hassan's characteristic Hazara Mongoloid features." Page 9 "Hey, you flat-nosed Babalu, who did you eat today? Tell us, you slant-eyed donkey!" Stated Assef. Page 42
Hazaras were massacred. how Hazaras look, and what This picture is an example of kind of clothes they wear. The Taliban exiled “Kite Running.” This portrays how Pashtuns are dressed and what they look like This little girl is an example of how Hazaras were treated (by government forces) back then, and still are today. In conclusion, this is a subject infused with complex thoughts and comparisons regarding Human Rights issues and injustices in The Kite Runner compared to Afghanistan. Clear examples were observed from the book, then depicted through true life instances from Afghanistan in relation to... women treatment
Hazaras vs Pashtuns
and freedom rights There is a plethera of comparisons between The Kite Runner and Afghanistan, predominantly in regards to the human rights and injustcices needing to be restored. Works Cited
“4 Inspirational Kite Runner Quotes." Screen Junkies. Web. 20 Apr. 2012. <http://www.screenjunkies.com/movies/genres-movies/drama/4-inspirational-kite-runner-quotes/>.
This website was used to find the background photo of the prezi. It depicts a young
Afghan boy flying a kite over Kabul (as seen with Amir in The Kite Runner)
"Afghanistan: What's Gone Right, What's Gone Wrong." NATO Review -. Web. 23 Apr. 2012. <http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2011/Afghanistan-2011/afghanistan-Samaar-right-wrong/EN/index.htm>.
This website provided the picture of the women for freedom rights.
Ellison, Jesse. "Afghanistan's War on Women Detailed in New Human-Rights Watch Report." The Daily Beast. Newsweek/Daily Beast, 28 Mar. 2012. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2012/03/28/afghanistan-s-war-on-women-detailed-in-new-human-rights-watch-report.html>.
In this website, an article on how women were treated in Afghanistan was found. This
provided us with the main points on women abuse in jails, for moral reasons. It also
provided information about how Afghan children are denied the right to go to school.
Grono, Nick. "Foreign Policy Magazine." Afghanistan's Injustice System. Foreign Policy, 01 Feb. 2012. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <http://afpak.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2012/02/01/afghanistans_injustice_system>
This website provided a complete overview on the general idea of how women are
treated in Afghanistan. It led to the general points on women treatment for the
introduction of the women in the Afghanistan section.
Haidari, Abdul S. "Women: The Companions Not Competitors." HOME. Daily Outlook Afghanistan, 17 Mar. 2012. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <http://outlookafghanistan.net/topics.php?post_id=3688>.
This website provided harsh examples on the way of a women’s life in Afghanistan.
These included the control of the Taliban, and a man’s ultimate control.
Hayes, Laura, Borgna Brunner, and Beth Rowen. "Who Are The Taliban?" Infoplease. Infoplease, 2007. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <http://www.infoplease.com/spot/taliban.html>.
In this website, was a timeline of the Taliban’s ruling of Afghanistan. It gave direct
examples on the Taliban’s attitude towards women.
"Hazaras of Afghanistan." Afghan Network INteractive. Afghan Network, 2004. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <http://www.afghan-network.net/Ethnic-Groups/hazaras.html>.
This website provided statistics of the population of Pashtuns vs. Hazaras, and
described how poorly the Hazaras were treated in a 40 year span.
Hosseini, Khaled. The Kite Runner. Anchor Canada, 2004. Print.
Direct quotations were used from The Kite Runner to assist in proving the injustice and inequalities for women, freedom rights, and Hazaras vs. the Pashtuns. It as well helped with background knowledge for the country of Afghanistan, and provided examples of the events in the novel.
"Human Rights Quotes." Human Rights. Web. <https://www.msu.edu/~amnesty/hrquotes.htm>.
This website gave interesting freedom rights quotes that had a lot to do with relevant
information of freedom rights shown in this book.
Khan, Shahid. "Welcome to Pakhto-Pakhtun-Afghanistan." Pashton People History ~. 22 May 2011. Web. 20 Apr. 2012. <http://pakhto-pakhtun.blogspot.ca/2011/05/pashton-people-history.html>.
This website was used for an example of the way the Pashtuns dressed and looked differently from the Hazara people.
Qazi, Abdullah. "Afghanistan Online: Education in Afghanistan." Afghanistan Online. Afghanistan Online, 29 Aug. 2010. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <http://www.afghan-web.com/education/>.
This website provided us with information about how education is portrayed in
Riley, Vikki, and Kamran M. Hazar. "Back to the Primitive Past: Pashtuns Stoning, Trampling with Horses and Burning Their Victims with Impunity." Hazara People International Network. Hazara People, 31 Jan. 2012. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <http://www.hazarapeople.com/2012/01/31/back-to-the-primitive-past-pashtuns-stoning-trampling-with-horses-and-burning-their-victims-with-impunity/>.
This website had extensive information about the way the Hazaras were treated by Government forces, and how the Pashtuns were treated in a sense that they were the main power. Also, this website provided us with two pictures, one was a picture of a couple (Hazara people) standing outside their “home”, and the other was of a little girl who was injured from the Government Forces.
"The Afghanistan of Today." The Afghanistan of Today. Web. 23 Apr. 2012. <http://afghanistannow.wordpress.com/page/2/>.
This website provided the picture for the education rights.
"The Universal Declaration of Human Rights." UN News Center. UN. Web. 20 Apr. 2012. <http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml>.
This website provided us with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, that were
used in the freedom rights segment. The following are articles from the National Declaration of Humans Rights. These events have all happened in Afghanistan. In The Kite Runner, every wealthy Pashtun family had their own Hazara servant. For Baba and Amir, this was Ali and Hassan. Hazaras were not paid, and did the work only for food to eat and a place to stay.
Hazaras are brought up to be servants. They don't know how to be anything else other than a servant. Article 26: Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. In The Kite Runner, the only children that were allowed to go to school and further their education were the wealthy Pashtuns (Amir). Hazaras (Hassan) were denied the right to go to school so they had no way to further their education. The only option was to work as servants for the wealthy. Many Hazaras, like Hassan and Ali, are illiterate and do not have the chance to learn how to read and write. Girls were banned from going to school. In the Kite Runner, there were many instances where people did not have the right to live. Public executions on soccer stadiums took place. Women were not allowed to leave their homes without the accompaniment of a male. Afghans were not ruled by law, but by status and power. “When you kill a man, you steal a life. You steal his wife's right to a husband, rob his children of a father. When you tell a lie, you steal someone's right to the truth. When you cheat, you steal the right to fairness.” -Baba (Page 19)