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The dissolution of boundaries - architectural theory

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Veronika Felber

on 30 November 2011

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Transcript of The dissolution of boundaries - architectural theory

otto wagner
1841-1918 what's this about ? the dissolution of boundaries
in theory, construction and representation the opening of space in the beginning of modernism by rudolph m. schindler and richard neutra vienna what's this really about? the interaction of inner and outer space in architecture

to recognise the architectural process altogether, and generally to see the work of schindler and neutra in their context los angeles rudolph schindler, richard neutra and veronika felber rudolph michael schindler
1887-1953 1913 - modern architecture - a programm >the modern architect thinks the SPACE >modern architecture can not be developed by changing slogans. it is not in the hands of the engineer, the efficiency expert, the machinist or the economist. It is developing in the minds of the artists who can grasp "space" and "space forms" as a new medium for human expression. 1934 - space-architecture until 1911 - th
from 1910 - akademie
1914 - usa
1920 - los angeles richard neutra
1892 - 1970 > architecture is a social art. it becomes a tool of human destiny, because it not only caters to our needs, but as well forms, determines and chastens our reactions. > to me it looked like the most urgent architectural mission for the future would be to reach privacy through spare physio-psychological volumes and not through noneconomical, geometrical wideness. 1956 - survival through design until 1917 - th
then switzerland, berlin
1923 - usa
1925 - los angeles early experiences with materials and surfaces 1962 auftrag für morgen
- mission of tomorrow adolf loos
1870 - 1933 cultural transition different languages gottfried semper
1803-1879 ludwig mies van der rohe
1886-1969 walter gropius
1883-1969 germany france le corbusier
1887-1965 de stijl
1917 alvar aalto
1898-1976 frank lloyd wright
1867-1959 louis sullivan
1856-1924 holland finnland pre- migrationcharacteristics acculturation post- migrationcharacteristics changes:
country of origin through emigration
country of arrival through imigration international style
1932 museum of modern art visual connections duality nature-building needs
of the residents materials and construction 5 dwellings of schindler
4 dwellings of neutra
1921-1937 where do we start? house scheu, 1912-1913 villa mairea, 1937-1939 theory of dressing the covering produces important spaceshaping elements

construction only as an assistance 1925-1926 bauhaus dessau
L-form
ausdehnung nach außen die essenz eines raumes, wie er in seiner vielfalt erfasst wird, besteht in den unendlichen möglichkeiten seiner inneren beziehungen
sigfried giedion recognise human needs
the buildingparts begin to dissolve
composition has to obey the rules of new materials and technics
new means lead to new building methods and therefore to new forms architecture evoces sentiments in the humans
design the building beginning in the inside
try to solve a floorplan in space 1911-1913 faguswerk
wände als flächen - reine vorhänge zw. innen und außen theo van doesburg
>für den modernen schaffenden künstler ist raum nicht meßbare befrenzte oberfläche, vielmehr der begriff der ausbreitung [...] >das äußere als resultat des inneren das haus ist eine wohnmaschine
primäre formen
grundrissentwicklung von innen nach außen
5-punkte programm villa stein de monzie, 1926-1928 giedion: >irrationality
and standardisation school of chicago, around 1900 connection of architect and ingenieur
use of new building materials (steel and reinforced concrete) 1910 wasmuth-plates prairie houses, 1893-1910 house robie, 1907-1910 the house reflects the idendity of the residents
monomaterial
horizontally
architecture is being developed as a structure
design process developed from inside to outside
> where does the garden leave off and the house begin? windows henry-russel hitchcock and philip johnson neutra participates, and schindler doesn't criterias:
architecture as space - emphasis on the pure volume
modular regularity
absence of causeless ornaments nature doesn't present a threat to the humans anymore
nature becomes part of the human life
a certain romantic image neutra:
organic equipment of man has to blend with
the natural environment in a harmonious manner
adapt technological innovations to the human nature
duality - interaction schindler:
reduce the construction to a minimal
equal the qualities of the exterior to the interior space privacy and public maximal outlook - minimal insight creation of consciousness on both sides
the architect has to be aware of the needs and transcribe them los angeles chicago new york frame construction
wood, steel, concrete
industrial prefabrication or improvisation studio haus, 1921-1922 lovell beach haus, 1922-1926 how haus, 1925 lovell health haus 1927-1929 elliot haus, 1930 neutra research haus, 1932 fitzpatrick haus, 1936 kun haus, 1936 mcintosh haus, 1937 terrace
projected and recessed building parts
cantilivered roof space-program level-switches, diagonals, double hights form, arrangement, parapethight, extent, overall impression new way of thinking pictures taken with curtains closed ? schindler
simplicity and a way of life as
near to nature as possible neutra
creation of his own architectural stile,
which is to be recogniced from the outside the dissolution of boundaries monolithic
or encased representation with shulman germany 1929 barcelona pavillon
loslösen der wand von tragfunktion
fließender übergang von innen und außen view over los angeles from rooftop terrase of the kun house, neutra 1936 from interior to exterior horizontally design process inner and outer cover treated the same way translation? studio haus
meets the highest number of parameters
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