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Various Groups' Response to Australia's Involvement In Vietnam War?
Transcript of Various Groups' Response to Australia's Involvement In Vietnam War?
Involvement in the Vietnam War? Robert Menzies was trusted to make
big decisions in public. There was no
opposition to the government's decision
to get involved in the Vietnam War. Australia supported the
US policy of containment
and the domino theory. They
believed that they needed to fight
their enemy before they came
to Australia. The US policy of containment
was introduced by President Harry
Truman.It was a policy created in order
to prevent communism. The domino theory
was an ideology stating
that if communism spread in USSR,
China, Mongolia, North Korea and Nort Vietnam,
and was already active in places like Indonesia
and Malaya, it would eventually spread to Australia. Support for the war remained widespread within Australia. The media (television, radios and newspapers) were in favour of it. The older generation and the RSL expected the younger generation to contribute, just as they had done before (people tended to marry young and have children young. Therefore, when older people fought in WW1, the younger generation fought in QQ2. The groups that supported
the war were the DLP, Australian
Liberal Party, the Catholic Church
and the Country National Party. Opposition to the war grew. People that mostly opposed were pacifists and some church groups. Conscripts could be sent
overseas and that was what
got people interested in war. In , the Youth
Campaign Against Conscription was established. The 'Save Our Sons' organisation
was established in May 1965. It was a
group of mothers who opposed their
sons going to war. Their protests happened
peacefully through letter writing and attending
demonstrations. After a demonstration outside the
Department of Labor and National Service in Melbourne,
5 members were imprisoned. Another group that opposed
the war were the conscientious
objectors. They were people who refused to
perform military service due to religious or
ethical reasons. One such example would be a
Jehovah's Witness. If you were a conscientious objector,
you would have to prove this in a court
case. One major example of such a case is the case of Bill
White who got dragged out of court by the police, lost his job
and got incarcerated. Many people objected the war
in Australia and they said that it
was nothing to do with them. They
believed that since Vietnam just wanted
to fight with each other and the US winning
was just not guranteed, their own Australian
soldiers should not die. They saw it all happen with
the Tet Offensive between the Vietcong and the US/ South Vietnam
(Jan 1968) Australians thought that conscription was just brutal. They believed the birthday lottery to be a 'lottery of death' because it would be unfair on Asutralian soldieer to fight a war that they have nothing to do with . Australia was forced to
do things that they did not
want to do. They had to use napalm,
a jellied gasoline with aluminium soaps
which caused instant fires.