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Transcript of Wuthering Heights
" 1801 - I have just return from a visit to my land-lord - the solitary neighbor that I shall be troubled with."(Cap. I, 1847.) The duration in Wuthering Heights lasts a lifetime. Heathcliff's lifetime. The time of the narrative is different of the time of the narration. The time jumps in the narrative. There are two main spaces in the Novel:
Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grant. The story starts when Mrs. Earnshaw comes back home from a trip, with a child: a boy who looks like a gypsy. At the beginning the Earnshaw's children rejected the boy named Heathcliff. However, Catherine developed affection to him, in contrast to her brother, Hindley, who dislikes him more and more each day. Mrs Earnshaw protects Heathiciff what makes Hindley's jealousy, When Mrs. Earnshaw passes away, Heathcliff becomes a servant of the house. Heathcliff and Catherine get closer, but despite of this Catherine decides to get married with Edgar Linton who have better conditions to keep a family. With this situation Heathcliff feels hurt and betrayed and run away. AZIZ, Lord Mohammed. Themes and character in Brontë’s: Wuthering Heights. Al-Turath University College. Baghdad. 2011.
BRONTË, Emily. Wuthering Heights. London: Collector’s Library. 2003.
Thornley, G. C. Roberts, G. Na Outline of English Literature. Essex: Longman Group Ltd. 1984.
<http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/novel_19c/wuthering.html > acessado em 29/09/2012.
< http://www.online-literature.com/bronte/wuthering/ > acessado em 29/09/2012. Bibliography Ellen (Nelly) Catherine Earnshaw Emily Brontë Wuthering Heights Bibliography <http://www.haworth-village.org.uk/brontes/emily/emily.asp> acessado em 29/09/2012
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emily_Bront%C3%AB> acessado em 29/09/2012
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byronic_hero> acessado em 29/09/2012
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wuthering_Heightsacessado> em 29/09/2012 1920 – director: A. V. Bramble
1939 – director: William Wyler (Academy Awards Nominated)
1954 – director: Luis Buñuel (Heatcliff – Alejandro/Catherine - Cataline)
1970 – 1st coloured version
1978 – BBC miniseries Cinema and TV Heathcliff Characters Yorkshire is the biggest and oldest county in England. Emily Brontë satarted getting sick during her brother’s funeral in October 1848. As she was getting worse, she refused the doctors and their medicines, and died in December 19th of that same year of tuberculosis. E. Brontë * 1818 - †1848 Emily Brontë Cinema and TV Musical by Bernard J. Taylor (Kate Bush) ~1992/94
Brazilian soap operas:
1967 – O Morro dos Ventos Uivantes (Lauro César Muniz) – TV Excelsior
1973 – Vendaval (Ody Fraga) – TV Record “ […] he [Heathcliff] struck her down, and wrenched it off the chain, and crushed it with his foot.'
'And were you pleased to see her struck?' I asked: having my designs in encouraging his talk.
'I winked,' he answered: 'I wink to see my father strike a dog or a horse, he does it so hard.” (Brontë, chapter XXVIII) Linton Heathcliff Characters “[…] one day I had the misfortune, when she provoked me exceedingly, to lay the blame of [Heathcliff's] disappearance on her: where indeed it belonged, as she
well knew. From that period, for several months, she ceased to hold any communication with me, save in the relation of a mere servant.” (Brontë, chapter IX) Characters Ellen (Nelly) “Nelly serves as both outsider and insider as she narrates the primary story of Wuthering Heights. Although she does not exhibit the extreme lengths of cruelty shown by Heathcliff and Catherine, Nelly often is an instigator who enjoys the conflict around her. Nelly can be seen as a combination of Heathcliff's cruelty and Catherine's self-centeredness” (Aziz, 2011) Characters Ellen (Nelly) “’May she wake in torment!’ he cried, with frightful vehemence […] Catherine Earnshawn, may you not rest as long as I am living; you said I killed you—haunt me, then! The murdered do haunt their murderers, I believe. I know that ghosts have wandered on earth. Be with me always—take any form—drive me mad! only do not leave me in this abyss, where I cannot find you! Oh, God! it is unutterable! I cannot live without my life! I cannot live without my soul!” (Brontë, chapter XVI ) Characters Heathcliff “To everyone but Catherine and Hareton, Heathcliff seems to be an inhuman monster — or even incarnate evil. […] His one sole passion is Catherine, yet his commitment to his notion of a higher love does not seem to include forgiveness.” (Aziz, 2011) Characters Heathcliff The Coming Storm - 1867
George Vicat Cole 1833-1893 Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
Great Irish Famine (Irish Potato Famine) (1845-1849)
Jane Eyre publication by Charlotte Brontë
In Brazil: D. Pedro II
A. Graham Bell (March 3rd)
Thomas A. Edson (March 11th)
Bram Stoker (November 8th)
Chiquinha Gonzaga (October 17th) 1847 “Averse to personal publicity, we veiled our own names under those of Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell; the ambiguous choice being Christian names positively masculine, while we did not like to declare ourselves women [...]” (Currer Bell) In May 1946, the Brontë sisters published their first book. It was a poem book. But they didn’t use their own names. The names they used were Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell. E. Brontë 1992 – Ralph Fiennes and Juliette Binoche
1998 – director: David Skynner
2003 – Adapted to modern times (High School in California)
2009 – ITV series
2011 – director: Andrea Arnold Cinema and TV “More of a son to Heathcliff than Linton, Hareton exhibits a sense of nobility by remaining loyal to the only father he ever really knew.” (Aziz, 2011) Hareton Earnshaw Characters “My love for Linton is like the foliage in the woods: time will change it, I’m well aware, as winter changes the trees. My love for Heathcliff resembles the eternal rocks beneath: a source of little visible delight, but necessary. Nelly, I am Heathcliff! He’s always, always in my mind: not as a pleasure, any more than I am always a pleasure to myself, but as my own being.” (Brontë, chapter IX) Characters Catherine Earnshaw Represents the freedom and innocence of childhood
Ambiguous Characters Catherine Earnshaw “In the opinion of some critics, no woman could have written it; but others say that one man could not have written all the plays of Shakespeare!” (Thornley and Roberts, p. 125. 1984) E. Brontë “Just as Catherine's presence dominates the first half of the text, Cathy's rules the second. Edgar tries to keep her from Wuthering Heights (and from Heathcliff), but her attraction to a man and her independent nature — characteristics that mirror her mother — once again make Edgar's appeals ineffective.” (Aziz, 2011) Catherine Linton “Edgar represents the typical Victorian hero, possessing qualities of constancy and tenderness” (Aziz, 2011) Edgar Linton Characters The Byronic Hero
Self-critical and introspective;
Treated as an exile, outcast, or outlaw;
Emotionally conflicted, bipolar, or moody;
Having a troubled past or suffering from an unnamed crime. Characters Heathcliff In February 1842, Emily and her sister Charlotte moved to Brussels to study French, German, literature and music.
They moved back to England when their aunt Elizabeth died in November of that year. Emily Jane Brontë, was born in July 30th 1818 in Thornton,
Yorkshire. She lost her mother when she was only 3 and
no longer after that, she lost her two oldest sisters, Maria
and Elizabeth. E. Brontë Many years after Heathcliff comes back rich, powerful and full of revenge feelings. He starts his revenge by getting married with Isabela Linton and then encourages Hindley gambling make him to loose all his patrimônio. Isabela Linton suffers a with him and decides to go away. Catherine Earnshaw pregnant, get sick and dies giving birth to a daughter called Catherine Linton. After some years Heathcliff finds out that Isabella is dead and ordered Joseph to bring his son named Linton who was far from his father when his mother run away. Time goes by as part of his revenge, Heathcliff forces Catherine Linton, who's father is between life and death, to get married with his son Linton. Then her father is dies and she inherit Thurscross Grant not so long after that her husband also dies and her father-in-law tells her he has her husband will in which all the properties now belong to him. As a prisioner in Wuthering heights, Catherine Linton falling love with her cousin Hareton, the son of her uncle Hindley. The boy who Heathcliff raised as his own child, So Heathcliff feeling disgusting of seem Cathy and Hareton in love just like he used to be with Catherine, he dies. WUTHERING HEIGHTS In Wuthering Heights the space is a mix of building, nature and characters action. THRUSHCROSS GRANGE THE NIGHT
All the important events happen at night:
“I approached a window to examine the weather. A sorrowful sight I saw: dark night coming down prematurely, and sky and hills mingled in one bitter whirl of wind and suffocating snow.” (Chapter II)
“[...]But the hour came, at last, that ended Mr. Earnshaw’s troubles on earth. He died quietly in his chair one October evening, seated by the fire-side. A high wind blustered round the house, and roared in the chimney: It sounded wild and stormy, yet it was not cold, and we were all together[...] “(Chapter V) In Thrushcross grange the space is a mix of building, nature and characters action. "Above the chimney were sundry villainous old guns, and a couple of horse−pistols: and, by way of ornament, three gaudily−painted canisters disposed along its ledge. The floor was of smooth, white stone; the chairs, high−backed, primitive structures, painted green: one or two heavy black ones lurking in the shade. In an arch under the dresser reposed a huge, liver−coloured bitch pointer, surrounded by a swarm of squealing puppies; and other dogs haunted other recesses."(Chapter I) THE NARRATOR
There are two narrators in the narrative - Mr. Lockwood and Ellen Dean (Nelly). They alternate turns of narration. Mr. Lockwood and Nelly are Characters narrators, the main facts of the narrrative are narrated by Nelly while Mr. Lockwood narrates the secondary facts. NELLY, The primary narrative
The narrator is classified as witness, she isn't omniscient. Nelly reminds that the story is sad and long.
"[...] My history is dree, said Nelly[...]" and Lockwood answers: [...] Dree, and dreary[...]" (Chapter XIV)
The Gothic Narrative
Like another masterpiecers of gothic literature, such as Frankenstein and Dracula, the narration in first person helps to build the mood of gothic.
Another gothic characteristics are the ghosts and the heath landscapes.