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Niger

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Eloise B-J

on 30 May 2014

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Transcript of Niger

Niger
Table of Contents
List of Figures
By: Eloise Banwell-Jarvis
24/03/2014
Fig. 1 Map of Africa
is lack of Food access?
Who
What
is affected by lack of food access?
When
will lack of food access be resolved?
Where
Why
is lack of food access a major problem?
Is lack of food access in Niger so bad?
Fig. 2
The one Child
Policy
N
Source: (Prezi 2014)
List of figures.........4
Map of Africa.........5
Political map of Africa.........6
Food security.........7
issues.........8
access.........9
availability.........10
Utilization.........11
Why are the issues occuring.........12
What is being done to resolve these issues.........13
Analyse.........14
what.........15
who.........16
when .........17
where .........18
why .........19
Population
Growth Rates
Birth-Rates
Politics
as you can see the population has multiplied over five times since 1960.

Politics: In 2009, the MNJ and the government held talks in Libya, at which they committed themselves to a "total and comprehensive" peace.

In 1999 voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution providing for presidential and legislative multi-party elections. These took place later in the year and saw Mamadou Tandja elected as president.

Mr Tandja introduced a new constitution in 2009 to extend his powers in a move described by the opposition as a coup. He was himself overthrown in a coup at the beginning of 2010. Polls to restore civilian rule were held in January 2011

Security: Tuareg nomads seeking greater autonomy for the north have been waging a low-level war. Fears of Al Qaeda activity have been heightened by the kidnapping of foreigners



Landmarks
terrain
relief
lakes
rivers
Mountains
<--Aïr Mountains
Mont Greboun



<--W Regional Park

Agadez Mosque--->



Man-made
Lake Chad

lowest point: Niger River 200 m
highest point: Mont Greboun 1,944
Fig.7
Issues
Why are the issues occuring?
What is being done to aid the country?
(primarily due to lack of Food Access)
Under Nourished
Fig. 8
Fig. 10
Corruption Perceptions Index
(2013)
Rank :106 /177
Score: 34 /100
Table of contents (continued...)
Data.........21
population.........22
growth rates.........23
birth rates.........24
Under-nourished.........25
Politics.........26
Corruption.........27
Death rates.........28
Physical Geography.........30
Landmarks.........31
lakes.........32
rovers.........33
relief.........34
terrain.........35
Mountains.........36
Evaluate.........38
Abortion statistics.........39
The one child policy.........40
What is bio technology.........41
How is technology Helping the world.........42
Decision making matrix.........43
social(one child policy).........44
social(Technology).........45
environmental(one child policy).........46
environmental(Technology).........47
economical(one child policy).........48
economical(Technology).........49
final recomendation/justification.........51
Bibliography.........53
Death Rates
TECHNOLOGY
"food production has not kept up with population growth, and rainfall has declined considerably since the 1960s. "


Availability
Poverty & Low incomes
Access
Due to Niger being a land-locked country traders can have trouble with the Trading Barriers (Countries). Niger also has a very poor marketing system, an unstable political system, Poor agricultural planning & Natural Disasters also affect the food availibility.


Utilisation
Limited food variety & lack of preferences
UNICEF has set up donations for 'The Sahel Famine Crisis'
http://www.unicef.org.au/Donate/One-off-Donation/Sahel-Emergency-Appeal.aspx?gclid=CKTCjfqAnr0CFQMGvAodl58APA

many other charities have also set up donations for the cause.
Decision Making Matrix
Technology
One child policy
Social
Social
Will decrease population
Less people equals more food
more people can have a job(decreases unemployment)
more money, only have to pay for one child
Gender inequality
will take a long time to put in place
lack education
how will the government know how many children people have had? (how will it be monitored?)
<--The Niger River

Yobe river
Greater nutritional value
may be healthier
fast change, almost instant
cost
allergic reactions (toxicity)
access
population has a high growth rate therefore a lot of food needs to be made
may be unstable
Environmental
Environmental
Economic
Economic
one child per couple will go to school, so more of the population is able to go to school
less children at school, therefore better schooling for the children
more jobs available ( reduces unemployment rate)
steady labor rate
may lead to shortage of workers
paying workers may become more expensive
some workplaces may go out of business
some families are against contraception
may be against some peoples religion.
prices
it is expensive to:
grow
buy
mass produce
experiment

no child birth restrictions,
therefore doesn't impact
peoples families


crops are well protected
much higher crop production
no need for harmful pesticides (crops are protected from pests)
plants will lack the normal natural diversity
may affect animal habitat
may be poisonous/ harmful to animals
agriculture will be changed by the chemicals
number of environmental resources will decrease due to over consumption (lack of poverty)
less need for infrastructure
less people, less cars therefore better for the environment
Final recomendation and Justification

Technology is not recommended
very expensive,
population would continue to grow
would end in even more poverty
I have chosen the one child policy as my recommended strategy.
less need for food,
highly increases the chance of education and employment.
governments could make it law that the mother has to accept the baby she has given birth to, no matter what the gender.


BBC 2013, BBC News, viewed 15 March 2014, <http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13943662>.
BIO.ORG 2014, Bio.Org, viewed 21 March 2014, <http://www.bio.org/articles/what-biotechnology>.
BUBBLEWS 2013, bubblews, viewed 10 march 2014, <http://www.bubblews.com/‎>.
ENGINEERSGARAGE 2014, engineersgarage, viewed 20 March 2014, <http://www.engineersgarage.com/articles/biotechnology>.
ENGLISH-MALAYALAM DICTIONARY 2013, 'Analyse',.
FOOD SECURITY PORTAL 2014, Food Security Portal, viewed 15 March 2014, <http://www.foodsecurityportal.org/api/countries/fao-population-under>.
GOOGLE 2014, Google: World Development indicators, viewed 12 March 2014, <http://www.google.com.au/publicdata/explore?ds=d5bncppjof8f9_&met_y=sp_pop_totl&hl=en&dl=en&idim=country:NER:TCD:MRT#!ctype=l&strail=false&bcs=d&nselm=h&met_y=sp_pop_totl&scale_y=lin&ind_y=false&rdim=region&idim=country:NER&ifdim=region&hl=en_US&dl=en&ind>.
INDEXMUNDI 2013, Indexmundi, viewed 13 March 2014, <http://www.indexmundi.com/niger/population.html>.
IRNNEWS 2011, IrnNews, viewed 18 March 2014, <http://www.irinnews.org/fr/report/92315/niger-chasing-food-security>.
MAPS OF THE WORLD 2014, Maps of World, viewed 16 March 2014, <http://www.mapofworld.com>.
NIGERWATCH 2013, nigerwatch, viewed 15 March 2014, <http://nigerwatch.blogspot.com.au/2010/02/coup-attempt-launched-in-niger.html>.
One child policy 1986, poster, Chineseposters.net, China.
Osewa, Oluwaseun 2005-2014, Nairaland, viewed March 2014, <http://www.nairaland.com/1182792/nigerians-lack-access-food-says >.
Somerville House Geography 2014, viewed 16 March 2014, <http://mysubjects.somerville.qld.edu.au/moodle/course/view.php?id=998>
PEACECORPSTOGO 2013, PeaceCorpsTogo, viewed 13 March 2014, <http://www.PeaceCorpsTogo>.
Prezi 2014, Map of Africa, clipart,.
RADICALTYPE 2014, radicaltype, viewed 19 March 2014, <http://radicaltype.net/>.
WIKIPEDIA 2013, Wikipedia, viewed 10 March 2014, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One-child_policy>.
WORLD ATLAS 2014, World Atlas, viewed 15 March 2014, <http://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/infopage/highlow.htm>.
WORLD BANK 2014, World Bank, viewed 13 march 2014, <http://data.worldbank.org/country/niger>.

Bibliography
Fig.2
fig.3
fig.4
fig. 5
fig.6
fig.9
fig. 11
fig.12
fig.13
fig.14
fig.15
fig.16
fig.17
fig.18
fig.19
fig.20
1
fig.22
fig.23
fig.24
fig.25
Source: (MAPS OF THE WORLD 2014)
(PEACECORPSTOGO 2013)
Source: (Somerville House Geography 2014)
Source: (ENGLISH-MALAYALAM DICTIONARY 2013)
Source: (BUBBLEWS 2013)
Source: (WORLD BANK 2014)
Source: (WORLD BANK 2014)
Source: (WORLD BANK 2014)
Source: (WORLD BANK 2014)
Source: (WORLD BANK 2014)
Source: (Prezi 2014)
Source: (WIKIPEDIA 2013)
Source: (WIKIPEDIA 2013)
Source: (WIKIPEDIA 2013)
Source: (WIKIPEDIA 2013)
Source: (WIKIPEDIA 2013)
Source: (WIKIPEDIA 2013)
Source: (Prezi 2014)
Source: U.S.A. stats for 2005, Alan Guttmacher Institute; Australian stats for 2003, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare; Canadian stats for 2005, Statistics Canada; China stats from China Daily, 2009; U.K. stats for 2004, U.K. Department of Health
Source: (UNKNOWN 1986)
Source: (ENGINEERSGARAGE 2014)
Source: (RADICALTYPE 2014)
Source: (Prezi 2014)
Source: (Prezi 2014)
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