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Psoriasis

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by

Akua Boateng

on 15 October 2013

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Transcript of Psoriasis

Oral or injected medication may also be prescribed to treat psoriasis. These treatments are only used in severe cases or when a patient is resistant to other forms of treatment because of it's severe side effects. (Dry skin, hair loss, birth defects, liver damage, decreased production of white &red blood cells, kidney problems, HBP, etc.)
Presented By: Akua Agyei-Boateng: Char Anderson: Noor Javaid: Jessica Metter

Skin Disease: Psoriasis
Types, Symptoms and Characteristics
Generally Psoriasis patches range from a few spots of dandruff-like scaling to major eruptions that cover large areas.Mild cases of psoriasis may be a nuisance and severe cases can be painful, disfiguring and disabling.
Types, Symptoms and Characteristics
Types, Symptoms and Characteristics
Risk Factors
Variables associated with an increased risk of psoriasis
Quality of Life
Overall Negative Impact on Person with Psoriasis
Types, Symptoms and Characteristics
Diagnostic and Treatment
A physical examination of the skin, scalp and nails as well as a looking a patient's medical history can be used to determine whether or not someone has psoriasis. A skin biopsy may be taken as well.
What Is Psoriasis?
A skin disease marked by red, itchy, scaly patches which appear as a result of skin build up.
What Causes
Psoriasis?
There is no known definite cause of Psoriasis but it is believed that it develops as a result of a mistaken trigger of the immune system.
Skin cells of Psoriasis patients mature five times faster than normal
Family History
3 genes are commonly associated with it but having the genes does not mean the person will get psoriasis (SLC9A3R1, NAT9, RAPTOR)
Preexisting Disease
HIV
Reoccurring infection (ex. Strep throat)
Overweight or Obesity
Other.
High mental stress
Smoking/Tobacco use regularly
Statistics
survey by the National Psoriasis Foundation found that almost 75% of people with psoriasis had moderate to large negative impact on their quality of life
according to a different study 20% of people coping with psoriasis have contemplated suicide

Emotional
people miss more work from emotional effects
people often have problems with body image, self esteem and embarrassment among others
more likely to be depressed

Physical
Depending on the severity and location of outbreaks, individuals may experience significant physical discomfort and some disability.
Itching and pain can interfere with basic functions, such as self-care, walking, and sleep.
Influences poor lifestyle choices; exercise less, make poor dietary choices, smoke more and drink alcohol in excess.
Psoriatic arthritis
pitted, discolored nails
swollen, painful joints
can lead to inflammatory eye conditions (conjunctivitis)
affect any joint
cause stiffness and progressive joint damage
may lead to permanent deformity
Erythrodermic psoriasis
cover entire body with a red, peeling rash
itch or burn intensely
may be triggered by severe sunburn, corticosteroids, other medications, or by another type of psoriasis that's poorly controlled.

Pustular psoriasis
widespread patches (generalized pustular psoriasis) or in smaller areas on your hands, feet or fingertips.
develops quickly
pus-filled blisters appearing just hours after skin becomes red and tender.
blisters dry within a day or two
may reappear every few days or weeks
Can also cause fever, chills, severe itching and fatigue.

Inverse psoriasis
skin in the armpits, in the groin, under the breasts and around the genitals
causes smooth patches of red, inflamed skin.
more common in overweight people and is worsened by friction and sweating.

Guttate psoriasis
affects people younger than 30
triggered by a bacterial infection such as strep throat
marked by small, water-drop-shaped sores on your trunk, arms, legs and scalp
sores are covered by a fine scale and aren't as thick as typical plaques are.
a single outbreak that goes away on its own, or repeated episodes, especially if you have ongoing respiratory infections.

Scalp psoriasis
red, itchy areas with silvery-white scales
flakes of dead skin from scalp.
Nail psoriasis
affect fingernails and toenails
causes pitting, abnormal nail growth and discoloration
nails may become loose and separate from the nail bed (onycholysis)
Severe cases may cause the nail to crumble.

Plaque psoriasis.
The most common form, causes dry, raised, red skin lesions (plaques) covered with silvery scales
scales itch or may be painful
can occur anywhere on your body, including your genitals and the soft tissue inside your mouth
In severe cases, the skin around your joints may crack and bleed.
Treatment #1
Creams and ointments can be used to treat mild cases of psoriasis. The most commonly prescribe ointment are topical corticosteroids; anti-inflammatory medication.
Treatment #2
Light therapy is also another form of treatment. It uses artificial (laser treatments) or natural ultraviolet light to slow skin turnover and reduces scaling/inflammation.
Treatment #3
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
http://www.psoriasis.com/psoriasis-patient-videos/tracey.aspx
Full transcript