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The Taliban and religious theocracies
Transcript of The Taliban and religious theocracies
What the Taliban did while they were in power
"They do nothing but thumb their prayer beads and recite a book written in a tongue they don't even understand." He [Baba] took a sip. "God help us all if Afghanistan ever falls into their hands." (3.18)
How did the Taliban come to power?
assistance from the Americans
made the Afghans trust them
created fear in those who opposed them
introduced a hard-line version of Islam
Heroic to Demonic
The Afghans were very pleased to be done with the soviet war, they welcomed the Taliban to take control so they would have peace and quiet again.
Along with religion the taliban had their own political views, that were also twisted. The Taliban supported terrorists like Osama bin Laden when they were in power. They terrorized anyone who was not apart of the taliban. The taliban had alot of power and were very strict with their rules, and where very inhumane if any laws were broken.
The Religious belief of the Taliban is Islamic. The Islamic religion was seen as peaceful, did not discourage other religions, and looked at people equally. They took this religion and interpreted it in a horrible way, and added there own twist to the religion to made it so it seem ok to do bad things because it was "what god wanted"
The Taliban Religious Theories And Political Views
Purpose of a Theocracy
The only real reason for a theocracy is oppression of the masses and control., because no one would dare defy God,
What is a Theocracy?
A theocracy is a government under "divine" rule. These governments claim unlimited power in the name of their god.
How a Theocracy Works
In a theocracy God is the ruler. It is lead by a person with a connection to God or divinity. Laws are created only with permission from God or divinity.
Destroyed the city and peoples homes
While the Taliban was in power they destroyed most of Kabul, leaving people to live in destroyed areas and in poverty . They would bomb cities in Afghanistan just to show their deadly reach, and would kill innocent people without a good reason. They would constantly blow up buildings and fight throughout the city , anybody who tested them was killed. Random gun fire was often sprayed throughout towns and villages as well.
Changed Laws and made many restrictions
The Taliban also enforced many new laws and rules. They changed the way most women lived and several others as well. They usually discriminated against anyone who wasn't Taliban and were extremely sexist towards women. They made laws like banning women from work outside of home , public whipping if a women was showing her ankles. and other things like banning of cosmetics ( many women with painted nails have had their fingers cut off)
The Taliban weren't fit to be leaders but thought they were. They caused many problems for others. They had no real government. They made everyone feel unsafe. They allowed Afghanistan to have no order and for people to fend for themselves. In the novel it talks about how only the Taliban can eat meat , That just shows how selfish they were.
" Rubble and beggars. Everywhere I looked, that was what I saw "
Who are the Taliban?
The Taliban is a Sunni Muslim movement dominated by people with Pashtun ethnic identity which controlled Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001. The organization was founded by Mullah Mohammmed Omar.
I saw a dead body near the restaurant. There had been a hanging. A young man dangled from the end of a rope tied to a beam, his face puffy and blue, the clothes he'd worn on the last day of his life shredded, bloody. Hardly anyone seemed to notice him. "
"Afghanistan is the land of Pashtuns. It always has been, always will be. We are the true Afghans, the pure Afghans, not this Flat-Nose here. "
"That's the one thing Shi'a people do well," he said, picking up his papers, "passing themselves as martyrs." He wrinkled his nose when he said the word Shi'a, like it was some kind of disease. (pg.10)
"And they call themselves Muslims" (pg.271)
Once the Taliban began their regime they applied extreme rules to the Islam way of life.
1- Complete ban on women's work outside the home, which also applies to female teachers, engineers and most professionals. Only a few female doctors and nurses are allowed to work in some hospitals in Kabul.
2- Complete ban on women's activity outside the home unless accompanied by a mahram (close male relative such as a father, brother or husband).
3- Ban on women dealing with male shopkeepers.
4- Ban on women being treated by male doctors.
5- Ban on women studying at schools, universities or any other educational institution. (Taliban have converted girls' schools into religious seminaries.)
6- Requirement that women wear a long veil (Burqa), which covers them from head to toe.
7- Whipping, beating and verbal abuse of women not clothed in accordance with Taliban rules, or of women unaccompanied by a mahram.
8- Whipping of women in public for having non-covered ankles.
9- Public stoning of women accused of having sex outside marriage. (A number of lovers are stoned to death under this rule).
10- Ban on the use of cosmetics. (Many women with painted nails have had fingers cut off).
11- Ban on women talking or shaking hands with non-mahram males.
12- Ban on women laughing loudly. (No stranger should hear a woman's voice).
13- Ban on women wearing high heel shoes, which would produce sound while walking. (A man must not hear a woman's footsteps.)
14- Ban on women riding in a taxi without a mahram.
15- Ban on women's presence in radio, television or public gatherings of any kind.
16- Ban on women playing sports or entering a sport center or club.
17- Ban on women riding bicycles or motorcycles, even with their mahrams.
18- Ban on women's wearing brightly colored clothes. In Taliban terms, these are "sexually attracting colors."
19- Ban on women gathering for festive occasions such as the Eids, or for any recreational purpose.
20- Ban on women washing clothes next to rivers or in a public place.
21- Modification of all place names including the word "women." For example, "women's garden" has been renamed "spring garden".
22- Ban on women appearing on the balconies of their apartments or houses.
23- Compulsory painting of all windows, so women can not be seen from outside their homes.
24- Ban on male tailors taking women's measurements or sewing women's clothes.
25- Ban on female public baths.
26- Ban on males and females traveling on the same bus. Public buses have now been designated "males only" (or "females only").
27- Ban on flared (wide) pant-legs, even under a burqa.
28- Ban on the photographing or filming of women.
29- Ban on women's pictures printed in newspapers and books, or hung on the walls of houses and shops.
Apart from the above restrictions on women, the Taliban has:
- Banned listening to music, not only for women but men as well.
- Banned the watching of movies, television and videos, for everyone.
- Banned celebrating the traditional new year (Nowroz) on March 21. The Taliban has proclaimed the holiday un-Islamic.
- Disavowed Labor Day (May 1st), because it is deemed a "communist" holiday.
- Ordered that all people with non-Islamic names change them to Islamic ones.
- Forced haircuts upon Afghan youth.
- Ordered that men wear Islamic clothes and a cap.
- Ordered that men not shave or trim their beards, which should grow long enough to protrude from a fist clasped at the point of the chin.
- Ordered that all people attend prayers in mosques five times daily.
- Banned the keeping of pigeons and playing with the birds, describing it as un-Islamic. The violators will be imprisoned and the birds shall be killed. The kite flying has also been stopped.
- Ordered all onlookers, while encouraging the sportsmen, to chant Allah-o-Akbar (God is great) and refrain from clapping.
- Ban on certain games including kite flying which is "un-Islamic" according to Taliban.
- Anyone who carries objectionable literature will be executed.
- Anyone who converts from Islam to any other religion will be executed.
- All boy students must wear turbans. They say "No turban, no education".
- Non-Muslim minorities must distinct badge or stitch a yellow cloth onto their dress to be differentiated from the majority Muslim population. Just like what did Nazis with Jews.
- Banned the use of the internet by both ordinary Afghans and foreigners.
They became a force to be reckoned with, killing people on the streets, everyone was scared to oppose them
This quote foreshadows the Taliban rise to power because the Taliban started out as religious scholars.
Baba's wise words
In conclusion, everything the Taliban did or changed in Afghanistan caused negative effects on the people and their surroundings. Although they did what they thought was right, The changes were not for the good.
Every Group Needs a Leader!
...he kicked me on the left kidney and the stone passed. Just like that! Oh, the relief!" Assef laughed. "And I yelled 'Allah-u akbar'...suddenly I knew that had been a message from God: He was on my side. He wanted me to live for a reason. (22.81)
I related these crazy religious leaders to Assef
People like Osama and Mohammad Omar are just some of the many "spiritual" leaders of the Taliban, they convince everyone that god has sent them to do his biding and they need to listen closely and become very observant of the Koran.
This is related to the Nazi party and how Hitler created it and ran it, although he used the patriotic technique, it is the same area of taking over control.
That reason being to become apart of the Taliban and ruin peoples lives?