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ABSTRACTION

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Justin Dela Cruz

on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of ABSTRACTION

Common Characteristics
ABSTRACTION
PERIOD
Abstract art is one of the many approaches found throughout art history. This style of art uses shapes, forms, lines, space, texture, value and colours in such a way that helps portray subject-matter in a new perspective to the viewer. Artists of this period including Braque to Picasso, incorporate a number of ways to explore abstract art such as cubism, futurism, and De Stijl.

Influences & Reactions to previous artistic styles
Societal and Cultural influences
Georges Braque
Pablo Picasso
ART
Use of bright colours
Overlapping shapes and forms
Multiple views and different perspectives on subject matter
Exaggerations and distortions used to portray forms
Essentially these characteristics create a "departure of reality"
This period was a reaction to traditional ways of Western art
In Western art, artists aimed to achieve realism whereas, abstract artists aimed to develop a new way of seeing the world
The development of this era was greatly influenced by Post-Impressionist, Paul Cezanne
Originally, he was interested in the structure of objects he studied, but overtime he reduced the complexity of these shapes and forms
His new ideas and techniques (E.g. building up surface with small squarish brush strokes) portrayed a different way of seeing objects, which had an impact on Picasso's and Braques' work
PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)
'Factory, Horta de Ebbo', 1909 (oil on canvas)
PAUL CÉZANNE (1839-1906)
'Bibemus Quarry', 1895 (oil on canvas
GEORGES BRAQUE (1882-1963)
'Viaduct at L'Estaque', 1908 (oil on canvas)
Societal Influences:
Originally painting was the only means of recording an event. But as new technology developed, artists found it difficult to keep traditions of painting alive from the last 4 centuries. This is so because the use of photography began to replace painting. So this abstract style was artists' way of staying relevant, competing with technology and keeping traditions alive.

Cultural Influences:
African tribal culture was an inspiration to the artists found in the Abstract art period. They were most interested in the tribal designs of their face masks and tried to incorporate them into their artworks (e.g. Into the backgrounds or face of figures) . This influence is most noticeable in works done by Picasso and Paul Gaugin.
Born on May 13, 1882 and passed away on August 31, 1963
Study the arts in France at École des Beaux-Arts (1877-1899)
Wanting to further develop his skills he moved to Paris to become an apprentice to a master decorator
Following this he went to study and paint at the Académie Humbert (1902-1904)
Earlier in his art career he was known to use Impressionistic and Fauvist techniques:
He alongside Picasso created and gave rise to the cubism method for the Abstract art period
Following World War 1, Georges had worked on a series of figure paintings
But after quickly losing interest in such subject matter, he soon settled on strictly still life works in a new, abstract, nonrepresentational way
His decision to settle on Still Lifes may have been influenced by his history with house painting
This decision led to many pieces including...
Still Life: The Table
Braque used a number of common Abstract art characteristics within this piece
Use of :
overlapping shapes,lines and colours
Bright colours
Distortion
In many of his Still Lifes, he was known to use the characteristic of "
Simultaneity
", which is the use of different angles to portray objects in the same piece in different views and perspectives
Braque created complex/sophisticated compositions with ordinary items
Picasso was a child prodigy
He achieved his artistic skills through his father, who was an art teacher
At the age of 14, Picasso got an acceptance at the School of Fine Arts (1895)
Later, he continued his education in Royal Academy of San Fernando in 1897 (Age 16)
Continuously changing schools, he decided to move on from his studies and start fresh in Paris
This is where he joined Georges Braque and developed Cubism in 1907
The Round Table
Still Life with
Fruit Dish, Bottle and Mandolin
Still Life: The Table
Picasso used a number of common Abstract art characteristics within this piece
Use of :
overlapping shapes,lines and colours
Bright colours
Distortions and exaggerations
"Departure from reality"
Geometric shapes
Hard edges taken place on the faces and body
Translated into, "The Unlovely Ladies of Avignon", this painting was the precursor of Cubism in 1907
It consists of five distorted nude figures and a still life placed at the very bottom of the painting
Picasso also added african mask-like features, which brought out sharp angles
"first exorcism picture"
These hard edges and the geometric shapes was given the name Cubism by critics
Cubism style could also be seen in...
Les Demoiselles D'Avignon
Girl With Mandolin
Three Woman
Joseph Stella
Brooklyn Bridge 1918-1920
Joseph Stella
Battle of Lights 1913-1914
Umberto Boccioni
The Noise on The Street Penetrates
The House 1911
Full transcript