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Globalization

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Paul Cross

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Globalization

NAME
Globalization
Paul Cross
What is Globalization?
It is a new term for an old definition.
Affects of Globalization
Changes communication
Culture
Education
Music and video games
everything you can imagine
What Globalization Means for the US
Pros
-Cheaper manufacturing costs
-export jobs pay higher wages

Cons
-Work moves outside the US (expand)
which means less jobs here
-There is a wider gap between the rich and poor
a. The larger the middle class, the better the economy

Pro/ Con
-As the US we have the control over what is being popularized

Issues and Concerns
--Do some countries benefit more than others?
--What is the impact on human rights?
--Companies that have violated human rights.
--How does it impact the environment?
--Finally, are cultures disappearing?
DATE
11/20/13
CLASS
Economics
“Globalization is the connection of different parts of the world. Globalization results in the expansion of international cultural, economic, and political activities. As people, ideas, knowledge, and goods move more easily around the globe, the experiences of people around the world become more similar.” (national geographic)
Covers many key factors
climate change
uniformity of
cultures
travel
human rights
labor laws
government
Globalization has been in our world forever
The silk road:
-This is one of the best examples from the past.
-It connected Europe and Asia through trade
Europe's Colonies:
-Each European colony was set up so that the "home country" would benefit
The Industrial Revolution:
-Sparked trade between countries
-We bought and sold products form other countries
Globalization has been feeding off of air travel.
We are able to get anywhere in the world in a matter of hours.
The Internet
miles of cable
3. What globalization affects
a. Travel also supplies a benefit to glob
i. As glob increases, so does travel
c. Culture
i. Multinational corporations promote a certain consumerist culture
ii. Coca-colanization
iii. McDonaldization
iv. “the us exerts hegemonic influence in promoting its values and habits through popular culture and the news media—“americanization””
v. Although it is mixing cultures there is the fact of unequents
1. Diversity is becoming a global value
vi. Music is a normal form of pop culture
1. Not everything is positive
a. Country—beer, girls, trucks
b. Rap—rape, cussing, etc
vii. Video games
1. Violence
2. Gta/ left for dead

Whenever and wherever a disaster hits, everyone in the world can know about it immediately. Global news is just as easy to get a hold of as it is to read local news. News reporters have been spread out all over the world for this reason.
c. Culture
i. Multinational corporations promote a certain consumerist culture
ii. Coca-colanization
iii. McDonaldization
iv. “the US exerts hegemonic influence in promoting its values and habits through popular culture and the news media—“americanization”
Economic Benefits
Because of lower wages going to employees around the world, these costs go down. This is good and bad.
Good: lower cost for manufacturing the items that are in high demand.
Bad: The people with these jobs don't make enough to pay for just about anything. Average pay in certain areas is about $1.25 an hour.
-The US is known for iPhones, McDonalds, Coca Cola, T.V., and so on
-We are now a part of them and the world views us with these opinions based on what popular culture says
-This can be good or bad depending on what we popularize. So far we haven't done a very good job. we popularize Jersy Shore, How I Met Your Mother, lazyness, and other bad things.
- on the other hand, we have made some good standards such as: working for what you want/need and freedom
With people moving business out of the country, there is a demand for people that can ship the goods to where they should be sold.
-The world would work more like a single government
-Functionally there would be an overarching government that would control the world. Under this the rest of the world's governments would operate similarly as the states in the US work.
-meaning...
Each country will operate similarly to how states operate in the US. There will be an overarching power that controls and regulates the countries like the Federal government in the US
-There would be a more open trade system

we are going into a policy of globalism whether we want to or not. i think that we need to figure out what is acceptabel and what is not. we need to cut out the problems such as over taxing of the natural resources and cut emmissions. baisically go greener. that would be my opinion on all of this globalization stuff
environmental hazard. There is no way we can claim that standard of living in developing nations has increased when those countries become the house to so many factories which over-operate. Water and air pollution are inevitable. Noise pollution is out of control when houses are located near to factories or construction sites. Congestion is becoming more prominent when an area is designated for factories. It is worth to note that 1st world countries have ‘shifted their problems’ to the 3rd world. Air is cleaner over the other side. Their factories use clean technology unlike those in Asia. What’s more when the environmental law is weak
Exploitation of labour. Perhaps proponents of globalisation have exaggerated their stand. Claiming that the standard of living in developing countries has increased based on real GDP per capita may not be that accurate. While it is true that unskilled workers have received an increase in their paycheck, it is nothing close to an increase in their workload. In short, an increase of wages by 10% leads to an increase of 50% in works. One does not need to be a genius to see how factory workers are exploited in China. They are paid peanuts and yet overworked. Women suffer the most in terms of discrimination in workplace. Labour union is weak and the existing law is just too fragile to uphold justice for them. Also some workers may be put to work under unsafe conditions. For instance, child labour in mines

(5) Put more into poverty. While it is true that many jobs are created when foreign factories and firms are opened, there are even more unseen job losses. Some claim that every one new job created, up to three will be lost. Think about this. How many local firms that really have the competitive edge to race against giant conglomerates? Nearly none. In short, industrial liberalization rewards the competitive firms and penalizes those uncompetitive ones which are made up of majority. Job creation is insufficient to offset the amount of job losses. If globalization brings so much benefit, then how come 80% of the global populations earn only 20% of global income?
Thomas L. Friedman, said,

“We Americans are apostles of the Fast World, the prophets of the free market and high priests of high tech. We want ‘enlargement’ of both our values and Pizza Huts. We want the world to follow our lead and become democratic and capitalistic, with a Web site in every spot, a Pepsi on every lip, Microsoft Windows in every computer and with everyone, everywhere, pumping their own gas.”
we sent our problems overseas
Another issue concerning globalization is child labor and workers that work long strenuous hours in so called “sweatshops”. In these developing countries, sending their children to work is the only way a family can survive. Usually there is not an abundance of schools and medical care like in the wealthier countries, and even if education and proper health care is available it is only available to the wealthier families who can afford it. Through globalization, households will make higher incomes which may eventually enable a family to send their children to school and provide some type of health care. In another article by Jagdih Bhagwati he states, “child labor will certainly diminish over time as growth occurs, partly due to globalization.” A proposed bill called the Harkin Child Deterrence Bill that was trying to eliminate child labor only led to child workers getting laid off and trying to find jobs elsewhere. Much worse some of the female children were forced into prostitution. These workers, adults and children, in poor countries are not being forced into hard labor, but it is more like it is a necessity in order to survive. Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn, writers for New York Times Magazine say that these workers volunteer to work longer hours in order to earn more money. These workers are willing to work as much as possible in order to stay alive.
In South Korea, Samsung was accused of hiring children under the age of 14 and also putting them in dangerous situations with only one lunch break in 11 hours.
HEG, a chinese manufacturer was also accused of hiring children under the age of 14. There is a law that states that children under the age of 16 must attend school to have a job. This was not the case.
free trade, deregulation, privatization, and structural adjustment
Yes. There is a huge difference between who benefits and who doesn't.
Third world countries are getting less and less of the wealth whereas the rich first world countries get more and more.
It's not just the rich countries its the super-wealthy that get the money out of it. The huge corporations.
In some of the third world countries the people cannot even own land to farm for themselves. The people are driven off the land and the super-rich buy the land to build more cheap factories.
The rich send their business overseas to the poorer countries so they can exploit the lax labor laws, lack of minimum wage, and cheap resources.
"The greed of these companies and their desire to maximize profits drives the exploitation of the “third world” countries."
some people will argue that globalization is helping the poorer countries by giving the people jobs who originally didnt have one.
although it is true they are giving jobs to the originally unemployed, they are excluding the fact that the employees are making table scraps in money.
Is this fair?
NO!
Human rights in these developing countries are minimal. The employees are in a place where they work hours on end for minimal wages which can be called a "sweat shop".
Child labor is an issue as well. Some of the time the children go work to make money for their families. While this isn't initially wrong, these children aren't getting an education. In countries like South Korea, this happens yet there is a law requiring children to attend school to have a job. This rarely happens.
Examples
Caterpillar
This company has sold bulldozers to Israeli people for the use of destroying Palestinian homes. In these homes there are 3 known deaths that have occurred.
Chevron
-Has dumped billions of tons of toxic waste into the Amazon area. The waste eventually made it into the Amazon River which caused disease down river.
-In Richmond, CA one of the largest refineries has polluted the air. One day it even exploded sending over 1500 people to the hospital due to respiratory problems.
Coca-Cola
They have attempted to privatize the local water resources leading to 1.5 million liters of water to be exported. This caused tons of agricultural destruction.
Dow Chemical
Made Agent Orange, buries its toxic waste in fields in New Plymoth. A leak in a factory gassed thousands of people in Bhopal, India to death.
Nestle USA
-Most chocolate comes from the Ivory Coast. Because of this, Nestle is known for child labor. The children are sold into slavery or tricked into working on these farms.
-In 2005 Nestle agreed that there needed to be an end to this child labor but it never had any big effects.
Pfizer
This company sells Diflucan, an antifungal drug, at inflated prices to poorer countries. They wont give licenses to the countries to make it themselves which would make it more affordable for the local population.
Wal Mart/ Suez-Lyonnaise Des Eaux (SLDE)/ Philip Morris/ and more also have accusations made towards them regarding human rights.
A common saying is:
20% of the worlds pop is using 80% of the worlds resources.
"If everyone were to live like an American, we would need 6 worlds."
0-0:53 2:20-3:27
INSANE RIGHT!
Most of the worlds resources are being used at or beyond sustainability. This applies to trees, fish, oil, land and more.

If we continue to tax the worlds resources, eventually the world wont sustain us.
In some cases cultures are disappearing. Maybe they aren't disappearing but could it be that they are in a state of change...?
An article on National Geographic argues this point.
I think it's useful to step back and pass a critical eye on the whole notion of modernization and globalization. It's based on something of a false assumption: the idea that if the rest of the world follows the dictates of our development paradigm, they will achieve the level of material well-being that we enjoy. But as E.O. Wilson points out in his new book, that alone would take the resources of four Planet Earths to deliver. In other words, the reality is that these people have very little chance of achieving our level of material well-being
Yes there is a point that we are trying to americanize the world but is that what they want?
Even though there is a McDonalds wherever you go doesn't the area have some special cultural bit added?
All cultures are rapidly being added in to the global culture which is becoming a "melting pot" of culture. Each one affecting the other.
No, they want their culture.
If there was some new thing that came out that looked completely different from what you believe or "want", would you jump right in?
Is Glob redefining the US and world beneficially?
Yes
No
It means that everyone is in communication with one another
-Internet is a result of globalization
-Free trade
We would also give more work to people who need it.
-more jobs are created
It is taking jobs from the US and other countries
-work moves from home to other countries
-with these job losses the receivers of the jobs make little money
At current consumption, the world is environmentally unstable.
-Resources being used at or beyond capacity
Human rights are being violated
-little to no health care
-minimal wages
Proper distribution of wealth is not occurring
-large organizations get the money while workers are scrounging around for table scraps
So do we support it?
Then we have the problem that:
Globalization is happening and will happen whether or not we support it. If this is the case: What do we support?

-I say we try to emphasize green energy and green plans to reduce waste and emissions.
-Getting proper wages to the poorer countries is also necessary. If that doesn't happen then we are basically supporting slavery again.
-Even though consumption is what drives our economy, it needs to slow down to a sustainable rate.
Because of these initial facts I have to say NO.
Works Cited
"The Benefits of Globalization." The Benefits of Globalization. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Campbell, Mikey. "Samsung Investigating Chinese Child Labor Abuse Allegations." Samsung Investigating Chinese Child Labor Abuse Allegations. N.p., 7 Aug. 2012. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Clay, Casey. "Globalization Who Benefits from It." By Casey Clay. N.p., 12 June 2007. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
"Consumerism as a Cause for Environmental Degradation." YouTube. YouTube, 06 Dec. 2012. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Francesob. "The Effects of Globalization on the Environment." Allvoices. N.p., 13 July 2010. Web. 07 Dec. 2013.
"Global Transformations." What Is Globalization? The Authors, Mar. 1999. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Graziano, Dan. "Samsung Accused of Child Labor Abuse at Chinese Factory." BGR. N.p., 7 Aug. 2012. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
"International Labor Rights Forum." The 14 Worst Corporate Evildoers. N.p., 12 Dec. 2005. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Lechner, Frank. "The Globalization Website - Issues." The Globalization Website - Issues. N.p., 2001. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Mander, Jerry, Debi Baker, and David Korten. "Does Globalization Help the Poor?" By Jerry Mander, Debi Baker and David Korten. N.p., 2011. Web. 06 Dec. 2013.
Mishra, Girish. "Globalization and Culture." Stateofnatureorg Globalization and Culture Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2013.
Muyale-Manenji, Fridah. "The Effects of Globalization on Culture in Africa in the Eyes of an African Woman - World Council of Churches." The Effects of Globalization on Culture in Africa in the Eyes of an African Woman - World Council of Churches. N.p., 1 Jan. 1998. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Ostrander, Madeline. "Thousands Protest Chevron Oil Refinery in Richmond, California | The Nation." Thousands Protest Chevron Oil Refinery in Richmond, California | The Nation. N.p., 5 Aug. 2013. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Parsell, Diana. "Explorer Wade Davis on Vanishing Cultures." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 28 June 2002. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
"Pop Culture and It's Effect on Globalization." YouTube. YouTube, 19 Apr. 2010. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Rutledge, Kim. "Globalization." - National Geographic Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2013.
Sharma, Naveen K. "Globalization Effect on Education and Culture: An Analysis." By Naveen Kumar Sharma. N.p., 28 May 2012. Web. 08 Dec. 2013.
Snyder, Michael. "What Is Globalization?" The American Dream. N.p., 28 Jan. 2011. Web. 06 Dec. 2013.
Wei, Lawrence C. "Does Globalisation Benefit Developing Countries More Than The Developed Ones?" Does Globalisation Benefit Developing Countries More Than The Developed Ones? N.p., 26 Mar. 2010. Web. 8 Dec. 2013.
"What Is Globalization | Globalization101." Globalization101. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2013.
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