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role of parties

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michelle ashmore

on 11 December 2015

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Transcript of role of parties

- links members at all levels of government
- partisanship (base decisions on party)

- many government bodies aim for bipartisanship (not basing decisions solely
on party interests)
Nominating Candidates
Inform and activate citizens
Influence Policy
Create Balance
Political parties:
organizations that seek to achieve power by electing members to office
- educate the electorate (voting population) on party platform

- get voters attention -- rallies, speeches, commercials, etc.
~ try to get money
Unit 4 - linkage institutions (what links the people to the government
Roles of
Political Parties

- select people to run for office who believe in the party platform

- candidates represent the party and spread the party message
Unite Government
using the media to spread the message!
- put pressure and communicate goals to office holders (who make policy)

- make sure elected officials follow through on promises (watchdog!)
set of statements that describe a party's views on issues
must be broad to attract a lot of supporters
most powerful political party is one with most members in office (majority)
Executive branch -- Democrats

Senate --
Majority: Republican
Minority: Democrat

House of Reps --
Majority: Republican
Minority: Democrat
majority party may need minority party support in order to get legislation passed
Types of
Party members
Rank and file:
register as a party member

vote in elections as straight ticket voter (only 1 party)
Party Regulars:
work for party and give $

win > issues

straight ticket voter
party activist:
care about party b/w elections

want voice, donate $, work for party

care about win and the ideology
issues > win

won't support candidate if views differ

form interest groups or minor party
if needs are ignored
people say political parties are a 3 headed giant...
it is Organized

~ ppl work for the party throughout the year
--recruit, raise $, and establish levels
(check out that awesome pyramid)
it has a strong Electorate

~ ppl identify (rank and file, reg, activist, purist)
and contribute $ or work on campaign
it is embedded in
the Government

~ the elected office holders join together and set public policy
when party works together:
strong force,
can influence govt
and pass legislation
when party doesn't get along:
don't win elections,
don't impact gov't,
leads to gridlock
we start with:
Full transcript