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role of parties

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michelle ashmore

on 20 January 2018

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Transcript of role of parties

platform: set of statements that describe party's views on issues

(must be broad for appeal to masses)
inform citizens
Nominate candidates
Influence Policy
- select people to run for office that adhere to party platform (and then narrow down through primary elections)
Unit 4 - linkage institutions (what links the people to the government)
Roles of
Political Parties

- use media to spread message

Provide platform
of issues
- raise and spend campaign funds
put pressure and communicate goals to office holders (who make public policy)
Unite Government and create balance
when party works together:
strong force,
can influence govt
and pass legislation
don't win elections

don't impact gov't

leads to gridlock
we start with:
Political parties:
organizations that seek to achieve power by electing members to office
register and
mobilize voters
get voters to the polls

voting amendments:

Voting Rights Act: no literacy tests, increase voter registration (esp. in South)

Motor Voter: register to vote when getting license
- link members at all levels

3 components of parties
Party Organization
parties are DECENTRALIZED along federal lines
- educate the electorate (voting population) on the issues and simplify decisions
- candidates represent party, but must be moderate to get appeal of majority of people
- get financial support for candidates campaigns
make sure elected officials follow through on promises (watchdog)
- aim for bipartisanship (not party based) in decisions
- most powerful party is the one with most members in office
-- but majority party might need minority support to get
bills passed!
Party in Electorate
people identify with parties and either register or lean towards that party
Party in Government
party leaders occupy positions in: Presidency, Congress, Governors, state legislature, local government (sometimes not party based)

set public policy: course of action the govt takes in response to an issue or problem

Serves as party’s national voice. Party delegates meet in the summer every 4th year to select the party’s candidates. They write and adapt the party platform.
Manages party’s business between conventions. Set convention site, establish rules, help party raise contributions.

National Chairperson
Party’s national committee nominates chairperson. Directs work of committee – raising $, determining how much $ and support each candidate gets, unify party, help presidential candidate win
State and Local Organization
State law determines organization. States and localities choose to structure like national party. Local party is the “foot soldiers” for the party.
when party doesn't get along:
Full transcript