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1811: The Venezuelan Revolution

A presentation for Anthropology class
by

Hannah Cho

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of 1811: The Venezuelan Revolution

THE TRIGGER & THE EVENTS 1811 WHO? VENEZUELAN REVOLUTION Yuan Yuan & Hannah - Led campaign to conquer
4 of the provinces that wanted
INDEPENDENCE
- Wanted to recreate American
Revolution-style federation
- Failure of congress to write a
new constitution
- Bolívar proclaimed himself
dictator on August 27, 1828 through
the Decree of Dictatorship.
- Resigned on April 27, 1830 Napoleon Bonaparte aka BOLIVARIAN REVOLUTION WHAT? WHERE? The Spanish colonial government main concern was keeping Venezuela’s feudal system intact. 1823 1811 WHY? IT'S SIGNIFICANCE IN WORLD HISTORY IT'S EFFECT ON ARGENTINA OUR SOURCES: WHEN? "A state too expensive in itself, or by virtue of its dependencies, ultimately falls into decay; its free government is transformed into a tyranny; it disregards the principles which it should preserve, and finally degenerates into despotism."
- SIMON BOLIVAR Venezuela AKA Vodka 1749 - First rebellion against Spanish colonial rule

1810-1812 - The First Republic

1811 - Declared independence

1813-1814 - The Second Republic

1815-1816 - Spanish reconquest of New Granada

1816-1819 - Stalemate

1821 - Achieved independence

1811-1823 - WAR username: thinkglobalschool
password: Think123 Simon Bolivar KEY PLAYERS (they're reliable, probably) Does this sound familiar? It SHOULD. (Nino Bien) Simon Bolivar quote (primary source)

"Venezuelan Revolution." Venezuelan Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2012. (secondary source)

<https://www.msu.edu/~forsbe21/stair/Venezuelan%20Revolution.doc>. (secondary source)

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1229348.stm (secondary source)

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/384920/Francisco-de-Miranda (secondary source)

http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/independenceinvenezuela/p/10april19venezuela.htm (secondary source) - Invaded Spain in 1808
- Made Spain weak enough
for revolutionaries to act
with SUCCESS
- Citizens were faithful to
Spanish king, Ferdinand
- Brought disorder to
Spanish colonies by
making his brother king Francisco de Miranda - Venezuelan revolutionary from Caracas (the capital
- Aided Latin America = independence
- Bolivar made him General in the revolutionary army
- Dictator in 1811
- SPAIN ATTACKED and Miranda gave in, signing armistice in July 1812
- Fear of being beaten ^
- Accused of being disloyal
- Caught and sent to Spain for imprisonment Admirable Campaign:
Provinces of Mérida, Barinas, Trujillo and Caracas conquered by the independentists Lower class can't move up the ladder

Merchants can't sell goods in world market = can't get highest prices Caracas town council got rid of Spanish colonial governor and formed JUNTA (group dictatorship) - Political INSTABILITY in Spain = Spain involved in Napoleonic Wars

- 7/10 of Captaincy General of Venezuela (district ruled by Spanish Empire) declared independence
- 3/10 preferred to stay under rule

- First Republic of Venezuela LOST in 1812
- "Admirable Campaign" = Second Republic 1813
- 1819 Gran Colombia an independent country
- 1830 Venezuela separated from the Republic of Gran Colombia (present-day Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela) NEW GRANADA: Bolivar's quest to free New Granada resulted in long-lasting independence for Venezuela
(+++economically and resources+++) RESULTS OF VR:
- End of Spain’s restrictions on Venezuelan commerce,
= Freely traded cocoa and coffee on the open world market. BOLIVAR & SAN MARTIN
- Argentina & Venezuela gained independence side-by-side
- July 27, 1822 > Met in Guayaquil
- Bolivar's "political victory"
= monarchism is NOT a post-indepedence option http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/famoushistoricalfigures/simonbolivar/preview.weml
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