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Transcript of British Food
East Asia - Tea 1900s 600 BC Celtic Influence Summary Agricultural and animal breeding methods Anglo Saxon Influence Normans British Colonialism Medieval Times World War II Exotic Spices
Encouraged drinking Meat and Savoury Herbs Agriculture Cultivating crops
Uniform farming practices to Britain Feasting Alana 1600s All foods were cooked (including fruits and vegetables)
Foods varied depending on social class
Herbs - more than just food 1000s 450 AD 1500s 700s 1700s 1800s Present Day Donovan Middle-Upper Class Lower-Middle Class Breakfast: Bread (rye) With ale
Dinner: Bread with cheese, maybe some meat, with ale
Supper: Vegetable Pottage, with ale and bread, maybe some meat Breakfast: Bread (white), fish and meat with wine or ale
Dinner: Three, maybe four, to six course meal with meat and fish, with wine and ale.
Supper: Like dinner, but with also unusual dishes (woodcock, pigeon pie) 1800's Time of grand banquets and elaborate dinners.
Lots of meat!
Water not considered "safe"
Tea, Milk, Coffee, Hot Chocolate
Lots of drinking Breakfast: Bacon, eggs, roll with butter, tea/hot chocolate
Lunch/nuncheon: cold meats, fruits, and sweets, with lemonade/barley
Dinner: Soups, meat/vegetable entrees (pigeons in white sauce with vegetables), roasted meat/fish, savory and sweet pastries Game! 5 Volunteers Blind fold taste the jelly! Healthy eating
Rationed food due to dangerous seas to import food
Restaurant food not rationed
Simple food Between the Wars Fine drinking and dining World War I Meats, fish rice, vegetables bread, butter, milk
More than enough food given to soldiers Positive activity Breakfast: Bread (rye) With ale
Dinner: Bread with cheese, maybe some meat, with ale
Supper: Vegetable Pottage, with ale and bread, maybe some meat Animal Breeding Assessment Curry Celts introduced the Celtic Shorthorn Cow
Good for meat and milk More animals such as sheep and pigs were favored by the British Connection to Culture: Hot Cross Buns "Good Friday comes this month, the old woman runs
With one or two a penny hot cross buns,
Whose virtue is, if you believe what's said,
They'll not grow mouldy like the common bread." A Connection to Christianity -- Again? Traditionally eaten on Good Friday Bread = communion Spices = spices Jesus was wrapped in in the tomb Cross = self explanatory Hot Cross Buns: Magical? Time period where British food was completely transformed
Safe to eat raw fruits
Pastries 1600s Built upon years and years of events
Built upon resources
Built upon knowledge
More than just stereotypical "simple" food (as seen after WWII)
Elegant, full of a variety of flavors 1500s The 1500's in Britain were times of reformation of religion, science, and art Not the case for food
Porridge, bread, meat, fish, and potatoes were still the main components in most British diets 1700s Materialism, spending, swelling cities
The Industrial Revolution
Technology allowed food to be preserved, prepared, and transported in new ways Pies Duke of Edinburgh People scared of raw fruits and vegetables
Often ate boiled veggies
Jams and preserves Traditional British Breakfast “The British Empire was created as a by-product of generations of desperate Englishmen roaming the world in search of a decent meal.”
-Bill Marsano Trivia!!!! Prize: KINDER BARS. What do you know about British Food? BRAINSTORM! Today, Britain is most known for their savory pies
Steak and Kidney
etc. Only served to tourists
Cereal, bread, basic breakfast Prevents other breads from going moldy Good luck charms Cures some illnesses Will protect the house from fire if eaten on Good Friday Connection to Culture: Twelfth Night Cake "Christmas goes out in fine style,—with Twelfth Night. It is a finish worthy of the time. Christmas Day was the morning of the season; New Year's Day the middle of it, or noon; Twelfth Night is the night, brilliant with innumerable planets of Twelfth-cakes...All the world are kings and queens. Everybody is somebody else, and learns at once to laugh at, and to tolerate, characters different from his own, by enacting them." -The British owe it to the Romans for their pies!
brought the idea over in 55 BC
Britains perfected it and made it their own Method of Choosing the Epiphany King 1. The cake is divided into the number of guests, plus one 2. The youngest member of the family decides who gets each piece 3. The last piece is called "la part du bon Dieu," and is given to the first person that asks for it. 4. Whoever has the piece with the bean is crowned king or queen, and chooses their own queen or king 5. They are treated like royalty the rest of the night Connections to Christianity 12 days of Christmas, from December 25 - January 5 Feast of the Three Kings held of the Twelfth Night Became known as the Feast of the Epiphany, or the Epiphany Bean was thought to be a sacred vegetable in ancient times 1200s Connection to Culture: Fish n' Chips Today, Fish and Chips is thought of as a quintessential British dish, and is easily recognized throughout the world. Poverty in England By the time the poor went to the markets, only spoiled food was left In the 1850s, there was a glut of fish in London Baked potatoes were even more popular, selling over 60 million/year Cheap, hot, filling From the Potato to the Chip Originally to accompany steak By the 1870s, these were commonly called "chips" In the late 1850s, potatos were being cut into strips and fried "in the French fashion" Soon, chips replaced the baked potato at street venders, and fish n' chips was born Industrial revolution 1750-1850 - easily a national food of Britain
adopted curries from India
colonized in 1800's GAME TIME! 5 Volunteers