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Greek and Latin Roots - Background

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by

Heather Jeffers

on 1 August 2016

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Transcript of Greek and Latin Roots - Background

Root Word
a part of a word that carries meaning
Prefixes
- a root attached to the beginning of a word

- does one of three things...
There are three kinds of roots...
1) gives a word direction
at-, ad- = to, toward, add to
de- = down, off
dis- = apart, in different directions
con- = with, together
Think of a word that begins with each of those prefixes, and complete the chart on your handout.
Bases
- the main foundation of a word

- carries the basic meaning
2) negates a word by meaning "not"
3) intensifies the meaning of the word by adding the idea of "very"
contra-, countro- = against, opposite
dys- = bad, improper
un- = not
Think of a word that begins with each of those prefixes, and complete the chart on your handout.
Base: anim
Meaning: life, soul

Word: animated

How does the definition of the word relate to the definition of the base?
Base: capt
Meaning: to take, to hold, to seize

Word: Captivated

How does the definition of the word relate to the definition of the base?
Base: dent
Meaning: tooth, teeth

Word: dentures

How does the definition of the word relate to the definition of the base?
Base: fess
Meaning: speak

Word: confess

How does the definition of the word relate to the definition of the base?
Base: hydro
Meaning: water

Word: hydrant

How does the definition of the word relate to the definition of the base?
Suffixes
- comes at the end of a word

- helps indicate the part of speech
We will primarily focus on bases and prefixes as those will help you most with developing your vocabulary and understanding unfamiliar words.
The more you become familiar with Greek and Latin roots, the more your vocabulary will grow, the more you will understand, and the more often you will notice how much of our language comes from these word parts.
For example, take
Harry Potter
...
I hope you are ready to write your own "spells" using Greek and Latin roots because that's what we will be doing tomorrow in class!
Greek and Latin Roots
Suffix: arium, ary, orium, ory
Meaning: place, room

Word: aquarium

How does the definition of the word relate to the definition of the suffix?
Suffix: er, or
Meaning: someone who does, something that does

Word: teacher

How does the definition of the word relate to the definition of the suffix?
Suffix: ify
Meaning: to make

Word: beautify

How does the definition of the word relate to the definition of the suffix?
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