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Arapaho Tribe

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by

Jessica Rayome

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Arapaho Tribe

Arapaho Tribe
History
Key points:
Split into two different tribes
-Northern Arapaho
-Southern Arapaho.
Northern Arapaho lived along the sides of mountains and at the tip of the Platte river in Nebraska.
Southern Arapaho lived near the Arkansas River.
Nomadic Buffalo hunters
Sun Dance
Ghost Dance
practiced when it was popular in the 1850's
Songs
Songs of the Sun Dance
Vision Quests of War
Dance/ Music
Once a year- The Sun Dance Festival
8 days long
Summer Solstice
Before their first large Summer Buffalo Hunt
Participants fasted
Paint themselves in symbolic colors
Dressed in Aprons, bracelets and anklets.
Stare into the sun, then puncture tiny stakes into their skin and the Sun Dance Pole
Dancers couldn't show pain
Rewarded with vision from Great Spirit
Greatest Tribal Ceremony
Sun Dance
Sun Dance
Ghost Dance
Many of their songs have meaningless symbols.
Their music is complex and important to the people.
The Songs of the Sun Dance and vision Quests of War are the oldest documented
Songs
Culturally they are Plains Indians
Different from other Plains Tribes because of their language
Tribe of Wyoming
Lived along the Platte River
Northern Arapaho
Entered the northern plains around the 1700s.
Used horses to hunt
They lived in groups of related families
About 1500 of them
Hunted bison
Southern Arapaho
Created in 1936
Remembrance and respect for Arapaho War Veterans
Red-The People
Black-Strength and not to be scared of death
White-Knowledge
The stripes-Seven Medicines of Life
White Triangle-beginning of prayer
Black circle-the heart
The red circle-happiness
Arapaho Flag
Location
Signed the Treaty of 1851
Arapaho and Cheyenne share land in Wyoming, Colorado, western Kansas and Nebraska.
Treaty of 1868 left the Northern Arapaho without a land.
Shoshone in Wyoming, on the Wind River Reservation.
Family
The males in the family hunt and provide for their families
The women take care of the children and cooks the meals.
Hunting was extremely important
Helped provide shelter, clothing and trade
Mainly hunted Buffalo
Gathered plants and berries
Used every bit of the animal
Food
Clothes had spiritual meaning
Women made clothes
Women- moccasins, leggings, dresses.
Men- shirts, deer-skin leggings, robes, moccasins.
Warriors designed necklaces from their dreams
Clothing
Culture
Nomadic Hunter/Gatherers
Danced often
Symbolic music
Many things in their lives were very symbolic to them
Lived in teepees
Lived in teepees
sturdy
portable
Made from Buffalo hides and long wooden poles
Lining was decorated
Shelter
Children played games
similar to darts
Mothers carried babies on cradle boards
Hunted/Gathered
Daily Life
First Chief
agreed to move to Reservation
Peaceful with whites
Died in Oklahoma in 1889
Chief for 20 years
Little Raven
Interaction With Whites
Migration of farmers, ranchers, and miners caused conflicts.
Natives fought against the settlers
Views on land and animals differed from settlers.
Congress created limited boundaries for Natives to live-Reservations
Many wars broke out between the natives and settlers.
By: Jessica Rayome & Taylor McCauley
Full transcript