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Transcript of Social Welfare
Cinta de Lara
Veronica Flores Chapter 18 The 10 most important ideas in this chapter are 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Social Welfare policies:
Policies that give benefits to individuals, either through entitlements or means testing Only 17% of social spending goes towards these programs.
Some of the most popular programs include:
benefits given to ppl. regardless of need
Benefits given from the gov't. to only ppl. under the poverty line
These social programs first started after the roaring '20s in the Depression.
Social services officially started in 1929 as the Social Security Act of 1935.
As the years progresses, other presidents like
adopted social welfare programs http://www.insurekidsnow.gov/facts/index.html According to the Census, approximately 35.9 million Americans,
or 12% of the pop. are below the poverty line.
The groups most common to be in this positiona are:
African Americans & Hispanics have a 1 in 5 chance of being in poverty,
while Caucasian only have less than 10% of being poor
There is much controversy between the progressive and the regressive tax
because in the progressive, more $ comes out out rich ppls' pockets than the poor.
But in the regressive, more $ comes from the poor ppls' wages than the rich ppl. Here are examples of organizations that helped the poor.
1. Personal Responsibility and Work Oppurtunity Recouncilation Act (PRWORA)-this gave each state some $ to give to poor ppl., a max of 5 yrs. on this program, and the ppl. must find work w/in 2 yrs. into the program to stay in it
2. Social Security Act-1935
3. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families(TANF)- recipients would get around $363 a month
4. Childrens Health Insurance Program(CHIP)- provides reduced health care for kids There is a big feminization of poverty in the U.S, meaning that there
are more divorcees and unmarried women who are increasingly becoming notorious as a poverty group.
Single women/mom families have 30% chance of being poor
Married couple=6% poverty rate Welfare is controversial because many people say, according to the book, that this program that the government designs can make people hesitant to join the workplace b/c they are offered free money. Others think that it is beneficiary to the society and creates a hospitable environment. In other countries, like Western Europe, their programs are
vast and plenty. Although there are many opportunities, the country
is in major debt, but the ppl. are happy regardless. In Europe they offer
1. Free daycare for everyone
2. Free/reduced health spa treatments (gifts from the govt. to ppl.)
3. French give big unemployment benefits
But the European tax is 50% higher than ours Now the problem w/ Social Security is that
many more ppl. have stopped contributing, leading to more
retirements, causing the cost of everything to go up. But the problem
is that not many employers want very old ppl., around the age of 60-80 yrs old working for their company 10 Social security and other welfare programs are constantly
being pushed down on the list of the policy agenda after the
threat of terrorism came along. In time though, the U.S. will fix the kinks in learning how to manage welfare.