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Lithium

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Zyra Ondayog

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of Lithium

Use of Lithium
Chemical Properties of Lithium
Boiling Point:
1347 C, 2456.6 F, 1615 K
Element: Lithium

Symbol:
Li
Atomic Information
Atomic Number:
3

Discovery
Discovered by
Johann Arfvedson
in
1817
in
Stockholm, Sweden
Lithium batteries-

used in common appliances such as cell phones, watches, computers, etc.

Common Lithium Compounds
Lithium
Classification:
Alkali metal
<http://www.webelements.com/_media/elements/element-pics-theo/3_Li_1.jpg>
http://theodoregray.com/periodictable/Samples/003.2/s14s.JPG

<http://betanews.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/lithium-300x225.jpg>
Protons, Neutrons, Electrons
Number of Protons:
3
Number of Electrons:
3
Number of Neutrons:
4
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ae/Electron_shell_003_Lithium_-_no_label.svg
Electron Configuration Notation
[He] 2s1
or
1s2 2s1
<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ae/Lithium_paraffin.jpg>
Observable Qualities
Color:

Silvery
State:

Solid
Smell:

None
Taste:

Unpleasant salty taste

<http://insideevs.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Lithium.jpg>
Melting Point:

180.54 C, 356.97 F, 453.69 K
Half Life:
Found while Arfvedson was analyzing petalite (high crystal energy stone.
He found that petalite contained silica, alumina, and a new alkali.
Arfvedson used electrolysis as an attempt to isolate the new metal, but failed.
The pure metal was isolated the following year by English chemist Humphry Davy.
Lithium was found by electrolysis of lithium carbonate
<http://0.static.wix.com/media/7290e5_a21ed9e868240cd032c42bc5d160eaf4.jpg_512>


<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Arfwedson_Johan_A.jpg>
Where to Find Lithium
Lithium is not found free in nature
Lithium only makes up about 0.0007% of the Earth's crust.
Lithium is found in brines, minerals and clays in various parts of the world
Li-6: Stable Li-7: Stable
Conventional mining techniques are then used for ore extraction in hard rock minerals.
Ores are then concentrated and processed into lithium compounds.
<http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2009/04/01/article-1166387-03D2ECEB000005DC-116_634x383.jpg>
<http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2009/04/01/article-1166387-03D2BF3C000005DC-847_634x382.jpg>
Pure lithium costs $27 per 100g.
Lithium Permanganate
Lithium Chromate Dihydrate
Lithium Sulfate
Lithium Phosphate
Lithium Carbonate
<http://images.gizmag.com/hero/lithium-manganese-phosphate.jpg>
Interesting Facts
Burning lithium gives off a beautiful crimson color
Lithium deuteride is used as the explosive agent in H-bombs.
Although Lithium is a metal, it is soft enough to cut with a knife.
<https://c2.staticflickr.com/2/1224/1490554155_6e57869175.jpg>
<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c3/Ivy_Mike_H_Bomb.jpg>
Medicine-

Used as mood stabilizer for bipolar disorder, etc.
Industrial Use-

airplane, glass, ceramic, porcelain production.

<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4d/Battery-lithium-cr2032.jpg>
http://theodoregray.com/periodictable/Samples/003.13/s12s.JPG
By Noah Bolos Period 1
Bibliography
http://theodoregray.com/periodictable/Samples/003.2/s14s.JPG
http://theodoregray.com/periodictable/Samples/003.2/s14s.JPG
http://theodoregray.com/periodictable/Samples/003.2/s14s.JPG
<http://www.webelements.com/_media/elements/element-pics-theo/3_Li_1.jpg>
<http://betanews.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/lithium-300x225.jpg>
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ae/Electron_shell_003_Lithium_-_no_label.svg
<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ae/Lithium_paraffin.jpg>
<http://insideevs.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Lithium.jpg>
http://theodoregray.com/periodictable/Samples/003.2/s14s.JPG
<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4d/Battery-lithium-cr2032.jpg>
http://theodoregray.com/periodictable/Samples/003.13/s12s.JPG
<https://c2.staticflickr.com/2/1224/1490554155_6e57869175.jpg>
http://paomura.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/0302-01.jpg?w=300&h=187
http://www.endmemo.com/chem/common/lithium.php
http://www.westernlithium.com/what-is-lithium/what-is-it-used-for
http://www.livescience.com/28579-lithium.html
http://www.chemicool.com/elements/lithium.html
http://www.westernlithium.com/what-is-lithium/where-is-it-found
<https://c2.staticflickr.com/2/1224/1490554155_6e57869175.jpg>
<http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c3/Ivy_Mike_H_Bomb.jpg>
Atomic Mass:
6.941 amu
Lithium Oxide
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