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MT. Vesuvius

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by

Ella W

on 15 December 2014

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Transcript of MT. Vesuvius

Name- Mt. Vesuvius
Location- Pompeii, Italy
Coordinates- 40° 49'N, 14° 26'E
Tectonic Plate- Eurasian
Geologic Area- overlooks the bay and city of Naples
What are the name, location, coordinates, tectonic plate and geologic area?
Age- 30,000 years old
Type-stratovolcano/ composite
Composition- tephrite= basaltic rock
Size- 4,200 feet tall
Altitude- 6, measured on the VEI(volcanic explosivity index)
Features- grew in the caldera of Mt. Somma



What is the age, type, and composition? Size? Altitude? Features?
Constructive effects/Tales and Legends
(history)
MT. Vesuvius
By Ella Walley
What is the condition? Most recent eruption?
Result of a hot spot or subduction?
-produces pyroclastic flows= ground hugging
avalanches
-dense clouds of black ash are called ash falls
-dark lava flows
-rocks that are erupted are called andsite, which are intermediate volcanic rocks, made up of 53-63%
silica
Description of eruption
Effects of past eruptions on landscape, people, etc.
Any prevention ideas? What do experts predict for the future?
-Condition- Dormant= has erupted in modern times, but is inactive today.
-Most recent eruption- 1944
-Subduction= African plate is subducted under the Eurasian plate.

Constructive...
-tourists attraction
History...
-79 AD eruption was responsible for the destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum
-experienced 8 major eruptions over 17,000
years
-used the word "Philian" to describe the large
eruption clouds
^ generated from the Philly the Younger= a
Roman historian who witnessed the 79 AD
eruption

79 AD eruption...
- changed the course of the Sarno River
^ raised the sea beach
-villas and towns nearby fled= some residences
were granted safety.
- over 16,000 people were killed.
Prevention- certain emergency plans- the government would pay $46,000 to relocate out of
certain zones
Future- most likely won't erupt any time soon
because of the small magma supply
-if does erupt= very forceful eruption (philnean)
^ lots of flying rock and ash

Sources
geology.com
science.howstuffworks.com
history.com
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