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Hitler's Rise to Power

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Athina Conklin

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Hitler's Rise to Power

Hitler's Rise to Power 1930-1933 Political Views! Hitler lived in Vienna for several years, absorbing
the ideas of Austrian right-wing extremists. He believed in Pan-German ideology, meaning that all Germans should be united in a single state, and wanted to gain power. Hitler's central political concern was race. He was a firm believer in the racial superiority of the Germanic peoples, and the inferiority of other races, such as Slavs, blacks, and especially Jews. National Socialism! Hitler's National Socialism is totalitarian was character, aiming at the total control of all politics, economy, social relationships, and thought. It developed after 1918 as a counter-movement to the Bolshevik revolution and the democratic parliamentary system. What did National Socialism focus on, you ask? WELL.. National Socialism had four main points:
Antisemitism, nationalism, militarism, and
anti-communism. Jewish people were racially alienated in Europe and were thought to be the source of all European trouble, especially Communists. Germans felt they were racially superior to other European countries and should lead everyone else, even against their will. Therefore, militarism was viewed as the truest form of human creativity, courage, survival and self-sacrifice. Also, Russian bolshevism threatened European civilization and needed to be destroyed. Election Time! Hitler ran for President in 1932, winning 30% of the vote and forcing Paul von Hindenburg into a runoff election. Hitler lost, so he decided to enter a coalition government as chancellor in January 1933. Following the death of Hindenburg in August 1934, Hitler became his successor and consolidated his power as a dictator. THE NAZI PARTY WAS FORMED! gaining support from the lower
middle class and the peasantry.. Phase One of the Nazi Dictatorship (1933-1934): Over the course of these years, Hitler consolidated his authority through the destruction of all other political parties, the "coordination" of all aspects of Germanic life, and the liquidation of dissent among Nazi's and conservatives. During the March 1933 Election, the Nazi's won 288 seats in the Reichstag and on March 23, 1933, the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act, giving dictatorial authority to Hitler's cabinet for four years. the enabling Act marked the beginning of the National Socialist dictatorship. The Nazi's ordered the abolition of independent labor unions and all workers were compelled to join the German Labor Front. They worked to eliminate opposing political parties, eventually becoming the only legal party in July of 1933. The Nazi's began a campaign directed against the Jewish people of Germany, depriving them of their postitions in the civil service and barring them from universities. On to Phase Two.. Phase Two! (1935-1937) Phase Two of the Nazi Dictatorship focused on the militarization and conversion of all Germans to enthusiastic support of National Socialism. During this time, the Nuremberg Laws were passed, defining a Jew as any person with at least one Jewish grandparent. It deprived the Jewish people of their rights as citizens and barred them from marrying non-Jewish people. THE FINAL PHASE! Phase Three (1937-1939): Phase Three of the Nazi Dictatorship was characterized by rapid, bloodless diplomatic and military strokes to win support at home, while liduidating opposition elements in the military and churches. In response to the assassination of a German diplomat by a Polish Jew, the Nazis organized a campaign of mob violence known as the Crystal Night, gaining its name from the broken glass of the destrpyed synagogues and Jewish-pwned businesses. Because of this, the Jewish people were forced to wear a yellow star of David and the German Jewish communitry had to pay a hefty indemnity. and BAM! Hitler had gained ultimate control of Germany. In need of a brief synopsis? Hitler developed his Nazi Party into a mass movement. Using a combination of his office, he moved with ruthless determination to crush his opponents and establish his totalitarian dictatorship.
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