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Brave new world

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Paule Mihm

on 9 January 2015

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Transcript of Brave new world

Brave new world
Structure
author
character
plot

Aldous Huxley
characters
Lenina
Crowne
Mustapha
Mond
Bernard
Marx
Linda
Director
John
Plot
Lenina&Bernard in Malpais
Lenina&Bernard are fascinated-> Mothers, dirt, disease
meet John&Linda
John&Linda are fascinated-> civilized people
Bernard gives them the chance to come in the BNW
=> come to London
John&Linda meet the Director-> Director resigns
Bernard makes John popular as savage
John is disappointed from BNW
he falls in love with Lenina <-> Lenina can`t give him "love"
Linda is controlled by Soma
->she dies
John`s antipathy for the system rises
Johns Revolution
John and two friends(beneath Bernard Marx) try to prohibit the sharing out from Soma
->failed and were arrested
as punishment he has to stay in BNW; Bernard Marx is condemned to an island
The Ending
John moves to a lonely lighthouse
he perpetrates vigilantism
is filmed-> becomes popular again
he commits suicide
life
social Structure
political system
Life
values
Warning for the Future?
Discussion
Reading impressions
Sources
born in july 1894
died in november 1963
many tragic strokes of fate
in 1932 "Brave New World" is published
stroke of fate=> Schicksalsschlag
sight => Augenlicht
dictator
knows about history and philosophy
super intelligent
was a scientist -> change to politics
people mean nothing to him -> love his power
the most powerful person
she is a beta
young
beautiful
much sex with many men
work in the hatchery and conditioning center
Marx an John felt in Love with her
she wants amuse, consumption and sex
typical woman in the BNW
son of the director and Linda
grew up in the reservation
knows 3 worlds
against the BNW
in the BNW he is an looking object -> uncomfortable
committed suicide
he is an Alpha
controls the hatching and conditioning centre
has a son->John
therefore he resigns from his position
hatching & conditioning centre
=> Brut- & Normzentrale
to resign=> zurücktreten
he is an Alpha
Psychologist
his appearance is unbeautiful-> women don`t like him
idea of individuality
likes to be melancholy-> less soma

important character for the book
"Lenina noticed with disgust that two of the front teeth were missing. And the colour of the ones that remained... She shuddered. [...]So fat. And all the lines in her face, the flabbiness, the wrinkles. And the sagging cheeks, with those purplish blotches. And that neck - that neck; and the blanket she wore over her head - ragged and filthy. And under the brown sack-shaped tunic those enormous breasts, the bulge of the stomach, the hips."
disgust=> Abscheu
flabbiness=> Schlaffheit
wrinkles=> Falte
sagging cheeks=> eingefallene Wangen
blotches=> Flecken
ragged&filthy=> löchrig&dreckig
bulge=> Wölbung
to cope=> zurechtkommen
degenerated=> verkommen


Linda demonstrates that the normal world(Reservation) is completely incompatible with the BNW
John&Linda in BNW
resigns=> zurücktreten
savage=> Wilder
to condemn=> verdammen
Alpha
Beta
Gamma
Delta
Epsilon
Top-Elite
best jobs
top ranking
top ranking=> führende Positione
Management
main person
service
staff
staff=> unteres Personal
worker
maintenance staff
maintenance staff=> Wartungspersonal
craftsman=> Handwerker
craftsman
easy workings
Function of the BNW
unqualified
unqualified=> unqualifiziert
director show a group of students round the hatchery and conditioning centre
produce the new generation
manipulate the children
action starts
meeting of Bernard & Lenina
public advance -> rejection
Lenina goes golfing and in a night club
delirious state because of soma
Bernard goes to a religious event
sex-orgy
Bernard excluded
Bernard need the permit for the trip to the Reservation
the director was there 20 years ago
the director threatened with exile
Soma
drug
gives universal happiness
used as holiday
advance => Annäherungsversuch
rejection=>Ablehnung
delirious state=>Rausch
Lenina in the reservation when she sees how the "savages" live:
"I wish I had my Soma."
Mustapha Mond about Soma:
"Euphoric, narcotic, pleasantly hallucinant"
Sexuality
seen as source of happiness

"everyone belongs to everyone else"

no marriage
utopia & Dystopia
Civilization
World
totalitarian dictatorship
year 1 = first T-model of Henry Ford
largest part of the world civilized
some reservations with native people
isolated islands for exile
no religion
god = Henry Ford
no information about the history
Utopia:
Dystopia
perfect society
there is no:
pain
illness
poverty

everyone is happy

given values: Community, identity, stability



everyone belongs to everyone else



happiness
Brave new World
Today
Aldous Huxley, Brave New World
http://www.shmoop.com/brave-new-world
http://www.huxley.net/
Reclam Lektüreschlüssel
http://www.egs.edu/library/aldous-huxley/biography/
http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/bravenew/characters.html
totalitarian dictatorship
control through manipulation and social classes
luxury <-> poverty
people in the BNW <-> people in the reservation
Alphas/Betas <-> Gammas/Deltas/Epsilons
takes place in the future (ca. 2560 AD)
futuristic technologies
love
marriage
family
culture
religion
individuality
Dictators
comparable with italy, germany and the soviet union
in BNW only dictators on the top
to perpetrate=> verüben
vigilantism=> Selbstjustiz
to be conserved=> erhalten bleiben
methods of mass influencing and manipulation
Is there a BNW today?
political system existed
no genetic manipulation
but there are social classes
reproduction not yet
nature and social sciences get better and better
leisure activity are similar
there are drugs but no use like in the BNW
sex as in the BNW is not unusually today
the manipulation is not that much
there is no BNW today, but maybe it will be in future
"a man of middle height, black-haired, with a hooked nose, full red lips, eyes very piercing and dark."(p.33)
Author`s Intention
wanted to warn the later world for wrongfully use of science
self-esteem=> Selbstwertgefühl
lack=> Knappheit
Thanks for listening
Historic background
crises of 30s
Huxley gives analysis of the society and politics
point problems&weakness of the time out
utopia & dystopia
warning for the future?
introduction
social structure
political system
life
exercise
Ideas of the book
discussion
reading impressions
Thomas
sought-after => begehrt sein
"The lift was crowded with men from Alpha Changing Rooms, and Lenina's entry was greeted by many friendly nods and smiles. She was a popular girl and, at one time or another, had spent a night with almost all of them."(p.55)
turn to=>sich in etwas flüchten
"You know what Polish is, I suppose?" "A dead language." "Like French and German," added another student... (p.25)
exercise
Do you think we need a drug like Soma to be happy in our society?
Vocabularies
Full transcript