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The Road to the Declaration of Independence

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by

Mr. Dickman

on 14 September 2016

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Transcript of The Road to the Declaration of Independence

The Road to the Declaration of Independence
The Navigation Acts
1650s
created to regulate trade between England and the colonies.
The Rules:
Only England benefited
English could carry goods to and from the colonies
Certain products could be shipped
Encourage colonists to build ships
Colonists' Response
Resented the Acts
Thought law favored English merchants
Ignored Acts and found ways around them
Proclamation of 1763
stop colonists from settling on the western frontier
What happened to the French territory?
All Colonists must leave at once!
I don't want to go, so I won't!
Sugar Act
Tax on molasses
The law made it easier to bring smugglers to trial

I'll smuggle molasses or bribe the tax collector.
Colonists' Response: angry, protests, riots, threw rocks at tax collectors, and felt tax was unjust.
Townshend Acts
Glass
Paper
Paint
New way to collect taxes.
Colonists' Response:
No right to tax without their consent
Stopped importing goods taxed by Act
Hoped boycott would repeal tax
Writs of Assistance
Legal documents of
Townshend Acts
Allowed officers to inspect a ship's cargo without reason
Colonists' Response:
Violates rights
No one should search property without good reason
Buy directly from tea producer.
Skipped tea merchants.
Intolerable Acts
Four Laws
Parliment
shut down port
in Boston
Forbade
Massachusetts
colonists to hold town meetings
more than once a year without governor permission
Custom officers and other
officers tried in Britain
Provided for
new Quartering Act
(forced citizens to house troops)
Colonists' Response:
Harsh
Colonists Reaction
Other colonies sent rice, corn, flour and such to Boston.
WHY?
At Thomas Jefferson's suggestion; the colonist set aside June 1, 1774 to pray and fast all day. Shops closed their doors.
Let's mark the shame of the Intolerable Acts.
The Boston Massacre
A CROWD SHOUTED INSULTS AND THREW THINGS AT THE SOLDIERS GUARDING THE CUSTOMS HOUSE.
WHEN THE CROWD GREW LARGER AND ROWDIER, PANICKED SOLDIERS FIRED, LEAVING FIVE PEOPLE DEAD OR DYING.
The Boston Tea Party
Colonists dressed as Indians dump tea in Boston Harbor.
By passed merchants...
But... Still taxed tea
British East India Company
Reasons to want the Ohio River Valley land.
Competing Nations
French and Indian War
French Advantages
Had a single government
The Government can act quickly
Had more Indian allies
British Advantages
Had a larger population
Their land was easier to defend
Their navy ruled the seas
Treaty of Paris
Britain gained Canada and all French lands east of Miss. River.
Britain gained Florida from Spain
France was allowed to keep two islands
Spain gained all French land west of Miss. River.
Full transcript