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Heather Prochaska

on 17 April 2013

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Transcript of Hemophilia

Rachel, Shakia, Virginia,
Heather Hemophilia Definition: A rare bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn't clot normally.
Causes: It is caused by a defect in one of the genes that determine how the body makes blood clotting factor VIII or IX
Also can happen by mutation
Signs/Symptoms: excessive bleeding, easy bruising, swollen joints, internal bleeding
Affects: range differently from person to person. Sources: By: Shakia Hollis, Rachel Harwell,
Virginia King, and Heather Prochaska History: Royal disease, University of Zurich
Is there a Cure? Not yet, scientists are researching
Contagious? No, but genetic
Different Types? 3 Types:
-Hemophilia A (Classic): completely missing Factor VIII, 80% of Hemophilia patients
Hemophilia B: missing Factor IX, originally called the Christmas Disease, genetic mutation
-Hemophilia C: missing Factor XI, 10 times more rare than Type A, effects females Risks of Hemophilia Age: effected at birth, with few exceptions
Gender: dominant in males, extremely rare for females
Area of the World: Pakistan and America Community most Affected How is one diagnosed?
-Family history
-Blood Test
~How long it takes for blood to clot
~Check levels of clotting factors
mild hemophilia: 5-30% of normal clotting factor
moderate hemophilia: 1-5% of normal clotting factor
severe hemophilia: less than 1% of normal clotting factor
-Cold ice pack& pressure
-Clotting factor replacements
-Hormone or gene therapy
-Specific bleeding site treatment
-blood clotting factor Diagnosis & Treatment http://www.hemophilia-information.com/types-of-hemophilia.html
http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=KOSVQ6C-zdw Hemophilia Epidemiology Epidemiology: Type A= 1/5,000 boys/men; Type B= 1/30,000 boys/men
-400 babies born with Hemophilia every year
-Prevalence of 18,000 boys/men in the US diagnosed with severe Hemophilia
-Extremely rare cases of girls/women with diagnose Hemophilia
Prevention: Family history should have blood tested regularly, avoid injuries and use safety precautions, use blood clotting factors via injection
Organizations that raise awareness:
-National Hemophilia Foundation
-Hemophilia Federation of America Summary Video: Managing Symptoms Managing Symptoms (Adults):
-Regular doctor’s visits
-Recognize bleeding when it first starts
-Wear a Medical Alert bracelet
Managing Symptoms (Kids):
-Use protective equipment when playing outside
-Check playground for hazardous objects
Life expectancy:
-For the most part, Mild and Moderate cases live a normal life although there are possibilities for complications such as joint damage and hemorrhaging
-Severe cases have an average life expectancy of around 50-60 years
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