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Art History Timeline

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irasema flores

on 19 October 2013

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Transcript of Art History Timeline

The Evolution of Greek Human Sculpture
Art History Timeline
By: Irasema Flores
700 B.C.
780 B.C.
Mantiklos "Apollo", Greece
ca. 700-680 B.C. Bronze,
approx. 8" high
This is a simple geometric interpretation of the human body showing little detail of the human form.
Kouros from Sounion,
c. 615-590 B.C. Athens, marble

Early statue of young "kouros" male in a frontal pose with left foot in front and arms on the side, characteristics of egyptian statues.
Kouros, ca. 590-580 b.c.
Attica, marble, approx, 76"

Kouros from Tenea,
ca. 575-550 b.c. marble, approx. 1.53 meters.

Kouros statue with more pronounce muscle of the human body and the starting of the "archaic smile"
Artemis from Delos by Nikandra, Athens,
ca. 660-650 b.c. marble, approx. 1.9m, National archeological Museum, Greece.

Early female statue standing in a stiff pose resembling egyptian sculpture.
680 B.C.
Archaic Period
ca. 700-480 B.C.
The Calf-Bearer, ca. 575-550b.c.
marble, approx. 1.65m
Acropolis Museum, Athens
Statue of man with an archaic smile, while carrying a calf on his shoulders
Peplos Kore, Acropolis, Athens,
ca. 530 b.c. marble, approx. 48" high,
Acropolis Museum, Athens

Kore statue of fully clothed woman with an expressive face and archaic smile. Stiff pose with original red color on hair, eyes, and mouth.
Kore from,
ca. 510 b.c.
marble, approx. 21 1/2"
high. Acropolis Museum, Athens.

Statue of women with archaic smile. Detail in drapery and stylized hair. More detail showing earrings and a necklace.
Kritios Boy, Acropolis, Athens, ca, 480 b.c. Marble, approx. 34" high. Acropolis Museum, Athens.

Late archaic statue of boy. This is a more realistic sculpture in contrapposto with a slight turn of the upper part of the body, showing more understanding of the human body.
Herakles, from the east pediment of the Temple of Aphaia at Aegina, ca. 500-480 b.c. marble, approx. 31" high Munich, Antikensammlungen.

Sculpture of Herakles crouching in one knee, shooting an arrow. This sculpture shows detail on armour. Its position creates an interesting design
Classical Period
ca. 480-323
The Riace Bronzes, Warrior Figures, ca. 460-450 b.c. Bronze, silver teeth and eyelashes, copper lips and nipples, approx. 6'1" high, Archaeological Museum, Reggio Calabria.

From the transitional period and "severe style". Impressive bronze sculpture of male warrior recovered from the sea. Left foot in front and lifting of the left arm, shows proper weight distribution and a anatomically correct pronounced muscle structure and detailed hair, beard and face.
The charioteer of Delphi,
from the sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi, ca. 470 b.c. Bronze, approx. 5'11" high, Museum Delphi.

Early Classical and part of the "severe style" and transitional period. Sculpture of young man which belonged to a chariot and horses, stands on both feet holding the reins of the horses. Detailed drapery on clothes.
660 B.C.
640 B.C.
620 B.C.
580 B.C.
600 B.C.
560 B.C.
540 B.C.
520 B.C.
500 B.C.
480 B.C.
460 B.C.
Hellenistic Period
ca. 323-100 B.C.
Apollo, from the West
pediment of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, ca. 465-457 b.c. marble
Myron, Discobolos. Roman marble copy after a bronze original of ca. 450 b.c. life size. Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome
Sculpture of a discus thrower of the Olympic games in a dynamic pose. Shows contracting muscles as the discus is about to be thrown. Idealized beauty and human body.

Aristogeiton, from the gruop by Kritios and Nesiotes, ca. 477-476 b.c. Cast of a reconstruction Roman copy. Naples, National Museum.

Statue of hero Aristogeiton in a fighting scene holding a sword. Free standing sculpture in a dynamic pose.

"Spear Bearer", Polykleitos, Doryphoros. Roman marble copy after a bronze original of ca. 450-440 b.c., 6'6" high. Museo Nazionale, Naples.

Statue of young man resting his weight on right leg. Lifting left arm originally holding an arrow. Proper proportion of the human body.
'Venus Genetrix', ca. 430-400 b.c. Marble Roman copy after bronze. Paris, Louvre. approx 164 cm.

Statue of woman lifting right arm holding an item on left hand. Weight on right leg and proper distribution. realistic clothing and detail on drapery.
Nike adjusting her sandal, from parapet of the Temple of Athena Nike,
ca. 410-405 b.c. marble, approx. 106 cm. Acropolis Museum.
Sculpture of Greek goddess of victory 'Nike' bending down, lifting right leg to adjust her sandal. Great detail on drapery
Karyatid from the Erechtheion in Athens, Roman Copy ca. 420-413 b.c.

Women statue as column from the Erechtheion in athens. Fully clothed women with detailed hair, and clothes.
Hermes and Dionysos, ca. 340 b.c. Marble, approx. 7' high. Museum, Olympia.

Sculpture of Hermes by Praxiteles, holding infant Dionysos with right arm. Facial expression of a half smile. Body weight distributed on right leg and right arm. Realistic drapery.
Statuette of Nude Goddess from Athens, ca. 750 b.c.
Early archaic statuette of goddess. Geometric interpretation of human figure.
Lapith and Centaur, metopes from the Parthenon,
ca. 447-438 B.C. marble approx. 56" British Museum, London
Sculpture from the Parthenon of scene showing lapith and centaur in a dynamic pose.

Mausolus, from the mausoleum at Halicarnassus, ca. 355 b.c. Marble approx. 9'10" high. British Museum, London.

Statue from tomb for king Mausolus. Fully clothed and great detail on drapery. Standing with weight in right leg.
Funerary stele of father and son, ca. 350-330 b.c. Athens, National Museum.
From the late classical period, a father mourning the death of his son. High relief sculpture showing slight emotion.
Sleeping Ariadne, ca. 240 b.c. Reconstructed cast. Rome, Museo dei Gressi.
Sculpture of Ariadne sleeping. Shows realistic and detailed drapery. Body is laying down in an intricate pose.
Athena Taking Young Alcyoneus by the Hair, from the frieze of the Altar of Zeus and Athena, Pergamon. ca. 180—159 b.c. Marble, 7'6" high. Staatliche Museen, Antiken-Sammlung.
High relief sculpture of Athena taking alcyoneus. Facial expression is present in their detailed faces.
The Tyche of Antioch, by Eutychides, after ca. 300 b.c. Roman copy. Vatican Museum

Sculpture of Tyche seating on a rock with right foot resting on infant underneath her. Overall quite pose.
Dying Gaul. Roman marble copy after a bronze original from Pergamon of ca. 240 b.c., life size. Museo Capitolino, Rome.
Realistic sculpture of Dying warrior depicting emotion in his face.
Gaul killing himself and wife, ca. 240-200 b.c. Roman copy. approx. 2.1 m. Rome, Terme Museum.

Sculpture of a dramatic scene of man killing himself and wife. Human figure in dynamic poses.
Aphrodite from Melos, ca. 200 b.c. Marble, approx. 6' 10" high. Louvre, Paris.

Famous aphrodite sculpture in an interesting pose which conveys movement through her body and her detailed clothes.
Old Market Woman, second century b.c. Marble, approx. ca. 150-100 b.c.
49 1/2" high. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Sculpture of poor old women carrying a basket. Interesting pose conveys movement. Detailed facial expression shows imperfections.
Statue of Seated Boxer, Bronze ca. 100-50b b.c. approx. 50" high. Museo Nazionale Romano.
Boethus, Boy Strangling a Goose, second century
ca. 250-160 b.c. Marble, approx. 33" high. Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich

Young child strangling a goose. Human form in a dynamic pose showing realistic proportion of the young boy's body.
440 B.C.
420 B.C.
400 B.C.
380 B.C.
340 B.C.
300 B.C.
280 B.C.
260 B.C.
240 B.C.
220 B.C.
200 B.C.
180 B.C.
160 B.C.
140 B.C.
120 B.C.
Jokey, ca. 240-200 b.c. approx. 84 cm. Bronze. Athens, National Museum.
Realistic sculpture of a little boy in a dynamic pose.
Sculpture of young boy in a dynamic pose.
Portrait of Demosthenes, attributrd to Polyeuktos, ca. 280 B.C. Roman copy. Copanhagen
Statue of Demosthenes standing with hands together. Sculpture shows facial expression.
Portrait of Chrysippos, by Euboulides,
ca. 200 b.c. approx. 1.13 m. Reconstructed Roman copy, Musee du Louvre, Paris.
Realistic culpture of seated Chrysippos. Detailed face and facial expression

Fallen Warrior, from the east pediment of the Temple of Aphaia at Aegina, ca. 500-490 b.c. Marble, 6' long. Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich.
Sculpture of dying warrior laying on the ground. Realistic pose and body proportion. No emotion in his face.
Laokoon, by Hagesandros, Polydoros and Athanodoros,
ca. 175-150 b.c. Vatican Museum.

Laokoon and his sons being strangled by sea serpents. Impressive realistic sculpture which clearly shows emotion through their detailed and expressive faces.
Statue of Eros sleeping, ca. 240-200 b.c. Bronze,
approx. L. 33 9/16 in.
New York, Metropolitan Museum.
Realistic sculpture of little infant "Eros" sleeping.
Aphrodite of Knidos by Praxiteles, ca. 350-330 b.c. Vatican Museum
Sculpture of nude goddess Aphrodite as she prepares for a bath. Realistically portrays a women's nude body.

Apollo, from the West pediment of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, ca. 465-457 b.c.
Statue of man with raised arm and head turned to the right.
The Nike of Samothrace,
ca. 200 b.c. Marble, approx 98" Paris, Louvre.

Sculpture of Greek goddess of victory, "Nike". Originally standing on the prow of a ship. Detailed drapery blowing by the wind
360 B.C.
320 B.C.
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