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Revealing the truth of the societies in "The Great Gatsby" through the eyes of the narrator, Nick Carraway

HL English - IOP Prezi

Greg Munro

on 20 September 2012

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Transcript of Revealing the truth of the societies in "The Great Gatsby" through the eyes of the narrator, Nick Carraway

How does Fitzgerald reveal the truth of the West Egg society in "The Great Gatsby" to us through the eyes of the narrator, Nick Carraway? "West Egg" "East Egg" "vulgar" "gaudy" "sophisticated" "elegant" "...but morally corrupt" What I hope to show: Positive, naïve initial interpretation light imagery,
pleasant metaphors, language... Hides the truth of their moral inadequacies "Unreality" darker imagery, contrasting language, distortion of earlier images... "Reality" West Egg - Gatsby's Mansion "In his blue gardens men and girls came and went like moths among the whispering and the champagne and the stars..." nocturnal enchantment dreams anaphora "At high tide in the afternoon I watched guests diving from the tower of raft, or taking the sun on the hot sand of beach while two motor-boats slit the waters of the Sound." his his his his "Now the orchestra is playing cocktail music... the sea-change of faces and voices and colour under the constantly changing light." yellow "according to the rules of behaviour associated with an amusement park" Nick's first time... Gatsby's last party distortion of earlier images reveals the reality "the same sort of people, the same profusion of champagne, the same many-coloured, many-keyed commotion" but this time there is an "unpleasantness in the air, a pervading harshness that hadn't been there before." reminds me of Miss Julie... August Strindberg: "it was only a gilt veneer that dazzled our humble eyes, ... the eagle's back was as scabbed as our own, ... the whiteness of those cheeks was only powder, ... those polished fingernails had black edges, ... that handkerchief was dirty though it smelt of perfume..." what had amused him then... "turned septic on the air now" The party ends... "black beach" and "extinguished lights" Gatsby walks "up and down a desolate path of fruit rinds and discarded favours and crushed flowers." To conclude: Metaphor Light Colour An image of excitement and magic
brought about by Gatsby's prosperity... Distortion of earlier images and viewing the scene through less naive eyes... BUT Opens the truth behind West Egg society desperate hollow exploiting artificial Fitzgerald uses: "raucous" "driven" "futile" "careless" "inconsiderate" Both lack a moral and spiritual direction discovered through character
understanding as the text moves on All shown through the eyes of the trustworthy narrator, Nick Carraway... West Egg: Nick Carraway: as a narrator Midwest = humble aspirational he is our "guide, a pathfinder, an original settler" reserves all judgment trustworthy starts naïve, like us ends aware and understanding of the truth like us How are we/Nick made aware? Our deeper understanding of the characters, through Nick's eyes, allows us to peel back the layers of their superficial image and to see more than we did before... ...the corrupt truth. naive eyes = appealing naive eyes = appealing narrator's readers' Insight from Daisy Buchanan less naive Noticing their vulgar behaviour and tendencies self-seeking excessing in energy coarse to transform the scene and society Daisy is "appalled by its raw vigor that chafed under the old euphemisms and by the too obtrusive fate that herded its inhabitants along a short-cut from nothing to nothing..."
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