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A Queers of Color Critique

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Nic Flores

on 5 April 2013

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Transcript of A Queers of Color Critique

Queer of Color Critique: The New Frontier Conclusion Thank you, Professor Hall! Provides critical viewpoints on "taken-for-granted" notions of queer identity that expand into national discourses such as, but not limited to, immigration (Luibhéid, 2008), citizenship (Cantú, 2009), and marriage equality. These issues are especially pressing for the rising Latina/o populations in the United States.

Although queer people of color exist and produce scholarship, the "Queers of Color Critique" seeks to (re)situate arguments in a global, capitalist society. Why is the Queers of Color Critique Important? Queers of Color Critique is now an interdisciplinary body of work that draws from the disciplines of history, literary studies, rhetoric and writing studies, performance studies, religious studies, education, sociology, and ethnic studies.

Seeks to destabilize relationships between multiple sites of oppression, especially classed, while simultaneously adding critical points-of-view to mainstream discourses.

Proposed as new theoretical framework for queer of color scholars (Eng, Halberstam, Munoz, 2005). Gloria E. Anzaldúa and Cherríe L. Moraga's (1981) co-edited "This Bridge Called My Back" marks the beginning of critical queer Latina/o scholarship in the mostly white academia. Queer of Color Critique Aberrations In Black: Toward A Queer Of Color Critique (Ferguson, 2003) Historical Beginnings Contextualizing Queer of Color Concerns Today - Relevant Conversations Critically interrogate current queer theory as a canonized body of scholarship focused primarily on white subjectivity.
Although they have made important contributions to the field, scholars such as Judith Butler, Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, Adrienne Rich, and Michel Foucault often receive exorbitant amounts of citational authority within scholarship that leave their queer of color counterparts mostly silenced.

I will offer the "Queers of Color Critique" or "Queer of Color Theory", first articulated by Roderick Ferguson (2003), as a direct rebuttal to the mainstreaming of current queer theory and an emerging body of inclusive scholarship.

Following concerns raised in our course by the Combahee River Collective Statement, Siobhan Somerville (1996), Barbara Smith (1983), and Gregory Conerly (1996), I will highlight the major Latina/o scholars who have contributed to and help shape the current Queer of Color Critique. Intent & Overview Intersectionality as Leading Framework in Queer Latina/o Scholarship References Cited Norma Alarcon's (1991) essay criticizes some of the larger themes about queer people of color, particularly women, made in "Bridge" and forces queer Latina/o scholars to reevaluate their privileged positions within academia. Kimberle Crenshaw (1989) coins "intersectionality" as a theoretical framework for investigating the subjectivity of multiple oppressions (gender, class, race/ethnicity, etc.). Alarcón, Norma. (1991). The Theoretical Subject(s) of This Bridge Called My Backand Anglo-American Feminism. In Héctor Calderón & José David
Saldívar(Eds.), Criticism in the Borderlands: Studies in Chicano Literature, Culture, and Ideology (28-42). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Cantú, Lionel. (2009). The Sexuality of Migration: Border Crossing and Mexican Immigrant Men. Nancy A. Naples & Salvador Vidal-Ortiz (Eds.).
New York, NY: New York University Press.

Combahee River Collective. (1983). The Combahee River Collective Statement. In Barbara Smith (Ed.), Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology
(272-282). New York, NY: Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press.

Conerly, Gregory. (1996). The Politics of Black Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity. InBrett Beemyn & Mickey Eliason (Eds.), Queer Studies: A
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual,and Transgender Anthology (133-145). New York, NY: New York University Press.

Crenshaw, Kimberlé. (1989). Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine,
Feminist Theory, and Antiracist Politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 89(1989), 139–67.

Eng, D. L., Halberstam, J. & Muñoz, J. (2005). What’s Queer About Queer Studies Now? Social Text, 23(3/4), 1-17).

Ferguson, Roderick A. (2003). Aberrations in Black: Toward a Queer of Color Critique. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Luibhéid, Eithne. (2008). Sexuality, Migration, and the Shifting Lines Between Legaland Illegal Status. GLQ, 14(2008), 290-315.

Moraga, Cherríe and Gloria Anzaldúa. (1984). This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color. New York, NY: Kitchen Table

Muñoz, José E. (1999). Disidentifications: Queers of Color and the Performance of Politics. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Smith, Barbara. (1983). Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology (xix-ivi). New York,NY: Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press.

Somerville, Siobhan. (1996). Scientific Racsim and the Invention of the Homosexual Body. In Brett Beemyn & Mickey Eliason (Eds.), Queer
Studies: A Lesbian, Gay,Bisexual, and Transgender Anthology (241-261). New York, NY: New York University Press.

Quiroga, José. (2000). Tropics of Desire: Inventions from Queer Latino America. New York, NY: New York University Press.

Rodríguez, Juana María. (2003). Queer Latinidad: Identity Practices, Discursive Spaces.New York, NY: New York University Press. José Esteban Muñoz's (1999) "Disidentifications" provides one of the first accounts of focusing on "performance" among queer Latina/os. José A. Quiroga's (2000) "Tropics of Desire" examines the relationship between ethnicity and sexuality in other countries, specifically in Latin America. Juana María Rodríguez's (2003) "Queer Latinidad" explores the identity formation practices of queer Latina/os in certain activist spaces (NGOs, Cyber Identity, and Legal Cases). "As queer color of critique challenges ideologies of discreteness, it attempts to disturb the idea that racial and national formations are obviously disconnected" (Ferguson, 2003, p. 4).

Ferguson's approach to intersectionality uses the commodification of queer subjects (prostitutes and drag queens) to engage with discourses on citizenship, nationality, and class (Ferguson, 2003). First coinage of term "Queer of Color Critique" in academia.
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