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Lord of the flies chapters 1-6

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Laleh Yousefzadeh

on 9 June 2015

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Transcript of Lord of the flies chapters 1-6

Chapter 1
Chapter 3
Summary: Ralph and Simon are the only ones who are working to set up the huts. Ralph then gets frustrated because none of the other boys are helping. Jack is concentrated on hunting pigs. Ralph and Jack begin to bicker over what the boys actually need versus what they want. Simon finds a relaxing jungle where he can be alone.
Chapter 4
Summary: Life begins to fall into more of a routine during the day. The littluns begin having nightmares of the "beastie", and begin fearing that it is coming to get them. A little while after, a ship is seen off of the coast, although the signal fire has gone out. Ralph becomes furious because it was Jack's responsibility to keep the fire going. Jack takes his anger towards Ralph and uses it to kill a pig.
Ralph: Frustrated towards Jack, holds a grudge

Jack: Gets blamed for their chance of being saved, kills a pig and hosts a feast

Allusion: The ship that the boys see along the horizon suggests that they may be rescued, but when Ralph claims that Jack "let the bloody fire go out," they think that all hope is lost and they'll never get rescued. (Orwell, 68).
Chapter 5
• Ralph decides to hold a meeting to bring the boys back together
• Ralph than yells at all the boys for being lazy; the boys won’t build the shelters, they do not gather drinking water, they don’t help build the fire, and they pee wherever they want
• The littleluns are still afraid of the beast
• One of the litteluns says he’s seen the beast
• Jack and the hunters decide to go to hunt the beast
• Jack torments Piggy
• Ralph thinks about giving up his position as chief
Characterization

Ralph- unconfident in his leadership skills, losing hope, annoyed and frustrated with those around him
Piggy- trying desperately to stay optimistic, continues to be faithful to Ralph, and angry/scared of Jack for being so mean to him
Jack- obsessed with hunting, slowly becoming a complete savage, and becoming a leader himself
Simon- quiet, timid, and loyal to Ralph, represents Jesus in the story
Littlelun- scared, confused and misguided by Jack

Chapter 2
They boys realize that they're no adults on the island
Ralph decides that the conch shell will passed to the boy who is talking
One of the younger boys claims he was a beast
Ralph convinces the boys to build a fire to help them get rescued
Boys realize that they need to maintain order between each other.
Lord of the flies chapters 1-6

The boys land on a mysterious island
Ralph meets a boy named Piggy
They discover a conch shell
The boys decide to select a leader, and vote between Ralph and Jack.
Ralph is chosen, although Jack clearly wants the position.
Decide to explore the island. Jack and Simon are chosen to lead exploration.
Jack is also chosen to be head hunter
Main Characters: Jack, Piggy, Ralph, Simon,
Jack: More focused on hunting than helping build

Ralph: Gets annoyed at the fact that no one is helping build the huts.

Simon: While jack and ralph fight simon travels into the jungle to be alone with the relaxing scenery
Symbols: The signal fire represents the hope to boys have towards survival, and as long as it doesn't go out the boys will keep fighting to stay alive
Major Themes
Human Nature
- The story shows how human nature can cause society to fall apart. William Golding shows how different people react to the instincts of civilization and savagery in different ways . The author is saying that by nature humans are savages and cause more harm than good. The boys allow human nature to corrupt them, causing their society to fall apart.
Loss of Innocence
-At the beginning of the story the boys were just an innocent group of boys who wanted nothing more than to get home. But as the story progressed many of the boy’s loss sight of their goal to get home and became obsessed with hunting. The hunters changed the entire group dynamic, Jack and Roger were the first to lose their innocence becoming complete savages. The boys lose the desire to return to civilization. Golding uses Simon to represent kindness and innocence, when the boys kill Simon all innocence is lost.
Violence in Society
- Throughout the story the boys resorted to violence to answer their problems. At the beginning of the story the boys would talk out each problem they had. But as the story progressed the boys grew impatient about talking things out and would start fighting. During a meeting Jack was annoyed with Ralph, so instead of asking for it Jack pushed Ralph and the two began fighting. Besides killing the pig, violence was never been beneficial to the boys. The boys were always so worked up that they often resorted to violence, which is how Simon was killed. Violence is what escalated the boys erratic behavior, violence destroyed their society
Chapter 6
The boys see a mysterious figure falling from the sky
They call it "the beast from air"
Sam and Eric claim that they see the "beast" that they have all been afraid of since the beginning
Jack wants to hunt the beast
Simon is doubtful that there even is a beast
The boys go to hunt for the beast on the other side of the island
They decide to go to the peak of the mountain to discover the beast
The boys are having a good time on the rocks until Ralph sees that they have let the signal fire go out
After some argument, the boys continue to the top of the mountain to find the beast
Microcosm
definition: something (such as a place or an event) that is seen as a small version of something much larger
Example: The boys on the island are a representation of society on a smaller scale. The island signifies the world, and the boys each signify different roles/personalities in society.
Imagery
definition: visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work
"It was roughly boat-shaped: humped near this end with behind them the jumbled descent to the shore. On either side rocks, cliffs, treetops and a steep slope: forward there. The length of the boat, a tamer decent, tree-clad, with hints of pink: and then the jungly flat of the island, dense green, but drawn at the end to a pink tail." (Golding, 27).
Example: The physical imagery of the island that the boys are on conveys the conditions of the boys on the island.
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