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Transcript of Media Project
AKA: Mexican–American War, the U.S.–Mexican War, the Invasion of Mexico, the U.S. Intervention, and Mr Polk's War.
February 2, 1848-
Nicholas Trist signs the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
1. Rio Grande the southern boundary of United States
2.New Mexico and Mexican Cession territories to the United States
3.United States to Pay Mexico $15,000,000.
(Mexico actually paid $11,750,000 by the United States assuming claims of its citizens against Mexico for $3,250,000.)
4.Senate approved the treaty: March 10,1848 Vote 38-14
By: Daniel Gomez
History - 304
Messing with Texas
February 28- Texas annexed with Joint Resolution of the Congress
March 1- Approved by President James Polk
July 4- Texas accepts US annexation proposal
July 25- Zachary Taylor takes army to Corpus Christi US fleets off Mexican ports
December 29-Texas Formally becomes 28 state in Union
A Peace Mission
Nov. 30- John Slidell arrives to Vera Cruz on peace mission as
"minister" , Offer rejected 25million for California, 5 million to settle border to Rio Grande
January 2-Polk hears about Slidell's rejection
Jan 13- Washington orders Taylor to advance to Rio Grande
March 21- Slidell receives final and firm rejection and returns to
April 1846- Mexico tells Taylor move to N side of
Nueceds, Taylor refuses
April 23- Mexico declares defensive war
April 25- Mexican cavalry attacks US force under Captain Thornton on North side of Rio Grande-
May 11 Polk sends war message
May 13 Polk signs bill declaring war on Mexico
Prior to War
"Depend upon it, we can never get along well with
them, until we have given them a good drubbing."
James Knox Polk - Elected President in 1944
Mexico recognizes Texas' independence
-April 21, 1836 With Treaty of Velasco
President John Tyler- Feb 1845- annex Texas
Santa Ana was in exiled in Cuba
11th US President
Trumping over Whig Candidate Henry Clay.
Ran on the platform of granting more land to people and annexing Texas. Avid supporter of Manifest Destiny, a religious justification for expansionist policy.
November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849
"The fulfillment of our manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions."
-J. Sullivan, Democratic Review
March 2, 1836 Declared Independence
Border said to be the Rio Grand
March 9- Scott landed at Vera Cruz
April 17-18- Final victory over Santa Ana at Cerro Gordo
September 14- Scott captured Mexico City
May 8, 1846- The Battle of Palo Alto
August 8- Polk asked Congress for 2 Million to settle
affairs with Mexico.
September 21-24-The Battle of Monterrey
February 23, 1847- The Battle of Buena Vista
February 1847 - Area from San Diego to Los Angeles
captured General Kearney
March 28- Taylor arrives
Taylor disregarded his orders from Polk and probed south to Agua Nuevo.
Mexican troops were suppressing US forces, suddenly Mexican politicians sent special message from Mexico City. Political anarchy had sprout in the capital, Santa Ana chose to quell internal rebellion.
Victory: Undecided, Taylor refused to surrender, but American advance was checked.
Victory for the US
Taylor lost 120 men,8 wounded, and 43 missing. Mexican losses totaled around 367 killed.
The city surrendered in exchange for an eight-week armistice and allowing his troops to go free. Learning of Taylor's actions, President Polk was irate stating that army’s job was to “kill the enemy” and not to make deals.
Victory for the US
Taylor lost 15 killed, 43 wounded, and 2 missing, while Arista suffered around 252 casualties. "Flying artillery" was a new method of maneuvering artillery with horses during battle which gave Taylor the advantage.
Infamously failed twice, mainly due to the Wilmot Proviso which banned slavery in land acquired from the war. Would fail for a third time in attempt to be placed in The Treat of Guadalupe
"We will never get along well with [Mexico] until we have given them a good drubbing" John Slidell
Scot laid siege to the city and accepted it surrender 20 days later. He left a small garrison in Veracruz and advanced inland. Santa Anna entrenched and tried to block at Cerro Gordo.
Mexico suffered 3000 casualties vs US 420
Scott was traveling with Nicolas Trist, a US Department diplomat, since the City of Jalapa. They were seeking peace or an armistice, the Mexican Congress did prohibited Santa Anna from agreeing.
1. US Flag
2. Mexico Flag
3. Polk Profile
4. Manifest Destiny
5. Old Border-Rio Grande
6. Battle of Palo Alto
7. Battle of Monterey
8. Battle of Buena Vista
9. Taylor's Advance
-Screen Shots of- The Mexican-American War. Oscar De La Hoya. A&E Home Video, 2008. Film.
10. Taylor arrives Corpus Christi
11. Scott to Veracruz
12. Treaty of Guadalupe
13. Mexico Silver medal
Alcarez, Ramón. Apuntes para la historia de la guerra
entre México y los Estados Unidos. Translated by Albert C. Ramsey. New York: John Wiley, 1850.
Moten, Col. Matthew. Between War and Peace How
America Ends its Wars. New York: Free Press, 2011.
Ramirez, F. Jose. Mexico During the War with The
United States. Translated by Elliot Scherr. Columbia: University of Missouri, 1950.
Rappaport, Armin. The War with Mexico:Why Did It
Happen? The Berkeley Series in American History. Rand McNally: US. 1964.
Weems, E. John. To Conquer a Peace The War
Between The United States and Mexico. New York: Doubleday & Company , 1974
"Shimmy She Wobble"- by Othar "Otha" Turner
(Gangs of New York Intro)