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Cold War Timeline

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Jaerin Park

on 29 January 2016

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Transcript of Cold War Timeline

Cold War Timeline
by: Jennifer A.
Cuban Missile Crisis
As a result of the U.S. planting missiles in Turkey to be fired at the Soviet Union, the Soviet Union retaliated by planting its
own missiles in Cuba to
be fired at the U.S. The
feud lasted a total of 13
days before both nations
agreed to remove their
missiles. This was the
closest the war came to becoming a full-blown nuclear war, and was significant because the U.S. was able to avoid this close call.
(Image of Cuba from a bird's eye view,
depicting where the USSR's
missiles were stationed.)
Berlin Airlift
In an attempt to convert Berlin into communism, the Soviet Union cut off its supply. It is important because the U.S. was able to prevent Berlin from falling into the hands of the Soviet Union by providing food, clothes, and other materials to Berlin on a daily basis. Up to 2,000 tons of food would be delivered.
(Image of a plane dropping off supplies in Berlin.)
Truman Doctrine
Marshall Plan
NATO
The purpose of the Truman Doctrine
was to help other nations "contain"
the threat of communism. It was a
foreign policy that allowed the U.S.
to actively defend and provide
assistance to democratic nations
facing the threat of communism. It
was passed by Harry S. Truman in
order to protect Turkey and Greece
from falling into communism, and is
signficant because it was sucessful
in protecting other democatic nations.
(Image of the Truman Doctrine.)
March 12th, 1947
April 3rd, 1948
Also known as the European Recovery Program, the Marshall Plan was a post-WWII U.S. initiative created to provide aid for
European nations affected
by the war. They provided up
to $13 billion dollars, most of
which went to aiding and
rebuilding the UK. This plan
did not include providing aid
for post-war Japan, but was
significant because of the United
State's willingness to help repair foreign nations
affected by World War II.
(Image of the Marshall Plan label used on
boxes to ship equipment outward.)
April 4th, 1949
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was founded by a total of 12 nations as a military alliance. It is important because its
focus lies in preserving
peace amongst the
world's nations and
preventing conflict.
Currently, there are
28 members: Albania,
Belgium, Bulgaria,
Canada, Croatia, Czech
Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, the US, and the UK.
(Image of the NATO logo.)
June 24, 1948 – May 11, 1949
October 14, 1962 – October 28, 1962
Korean War
June 25, 1950 – July 27, 1953
When communism spread to North Korea, the Chinese attempted to expand towards the South in order to claim the entire Korean peninsula. Seeing as how South Korea was democratic, however, the U.S. came to the South's aid and fought back against the Soviet Union. It is significant because
with the help of the United States, South Korea was able
to fight off the USSR and remain a democratic
government.
(Image of an American soldier with a
Korean child during the war.)
Space Race
1957 – 1975
The space race can be summarized as a time in which the United States and Soviet Union competed against each other in order to outdo the other in the field of space and technology. Notable events of the race include the USSR's launching of Sputnik, sending living organisms into space, and the U.S. putting a man on the moon. It is significant not because of how far each nation. strove to outdo the other, but because it was a time of innovation and broadening horizons.
(Image of U.S. and Soviet Union satellites.)
Arms Race
August 1945
The arms race occurred as a result of the U.S. and the USSR's rapid production of nuclear weapons.
It was significant
in that each nation
feared an attack
from the other,
and constructed
the atomic and
hydrogen bombs in
defense and to
ward off the
offending nation. Although neither nation actually put a bomb into action, it was still a very real threat of incredible proportions.
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