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Propaganda Movement & Katipunan
Transcript of Propaganda Movement & Katipunan
Reforms desired by the PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT
Were patriots who waged their movement by means of pen and tongue to expose the defects of Spanish rule in the Philippines and the urgency or reforms to remedy them.
Propaganda Movement & Katipunan
Was a period of time when insulares (Filipinos) were calling for reforms, lasting approximately from 1868 to 1898 with the most activity between 1880-1895.
Peaceful crusade or campaign for reforms
Organized and participated by the illustrados.
RISE OF THE PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT
Opening of the Phillipines to International trade (1834)
The influx of the liberal ideas (from abroad)
The Spanish Revolution (1868)
Opening of the Suez Canal (1869)
The martyrdom of the Gom-Bur-Za
Rise of the middle class in the Philippines
Equality of the Filipinos and Spaniards before the laws.
Assimilation of the Philippines as a regular province of Spain.
Restoration of the Philippine representation in the Spanish Cortes.
Filipinization of the Philippine parishes and expulsion of the friars.
Recognition of Human Rights for Filipinos.
Marcelo H. Del Pilar
A lawyer and a journalist
Beloved by masses for his eloquent Tagalog and fearless defense of the poor againts friar abuses.
Physician-novelist and a many
Graciano Lopez Jaena
The greatest orator of the
A medical student and a
BONIFACIO AND THE KATIPUNAN
After Rizal’s death, Andres Bonifacio founded a secret revolutionary society (KKK) on July 7, 1892 for Filipinos to fight for freedom.
Kataas – taasan Kagalang – galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (Highest and Most Respectable Society of the Sons of the People)
1. To unite the Filipinos into one solid nation
2. To fight for Philippine
independence from Spain.
Bonifacio and others wanted the Katipunan to replace the Spanish Government in the Philippines.
Two constitutions: 1892 and 1894.
Supreme Council ( Kataastaasang Sanggunian) was the the central government, with a president, a fiscal, a secretary, a treasurer, and a comptroller.
Deodato Arellano was the first president of the Katipunan.
Andres Bonifacio replaced him in 1895 which changed the title president changed to Supremo.
MEMBERS OF THE KATIPUNAN
1896 - 20, 000 members.
Famous Katipuneros include Bonifacio, Arellano, Emilio Jacinto (Brains of the Katipunan), Dr.Pio Valenzuela, Valentin Diaz,etc.
Women joined the Katipunan and served as guards of the documents of the society.
SECRET INITIATION OF THE KATIPUNAN
Candidate for membership was first blindfolded and entered a secret room. He had to pass tests and a blood compact will be done afterwards.
Three writers of the Katipunan were:
1. Andres Bonifacio – wrote Decalogue of the Katipunan (a collection of wise sayings for Katipuneros and Pag – ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa ( Love for Country).
2. Emilio Jacinto – wrote the Kartilla (collection of teachings of Katipunan) and A La Patria.
3. Dr. Pio Valenzuela – helped Bonifacio and jacinto to edit the Katipunan newspaper (Kalayaan) and wrote an essay Catwiran (Is it Fair?)
DISCOVERY OF THE KATIPUNAN
Teodoro Patino, one of the Katipuneros, revealed the secrets of the Katipunan to Father Gil which led to its discovery because of his fear.
Many Filipinos were arrested but many Katipuneros also escaped including Bonifacio.
The Filipinos can only solve their problems if they are united.
The Filipinos love freedom and hate tyranny.
Filipinos spoke out against the cruel treatment of our people.
PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT AND KATIPUNAN
The Katipunan and the Cuerpo de Compromisarios
formation of the Katipunan and historians
had initiation ceremonies that were copied from masonic rites
SIMILARITIES & DIFFERENCES
Representation of the Philippines in the Cortes Generales, the Spanish parliament;
Secularization of the clergy;
Legalization of Spanish and Filipino equality;
Creation of public school system independent of Catholic friars;
Abolition of the polo y servicios (labor service) and vandala (forced sale of local products to the government);
Guarantee of basic freedoms;
Equal opportunity for Filipinos and Spanish to enter government service
They were scions of good families, highly intelligent, educated, patriotic, and courageous. Led by Filipino thinkers and writers like Dr. Jose Rizal.
They were successor organization of La Liga Filipina
Most of its founder were free masons.
This crusade for reforms was done by means of pen and tongue to pressure the Spanish Government.
This crusade for reforms was done by means of violent revolution. (sword)