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Women of Fashion through History

Red Group Assessment 2A - Learning & Communicating Online

Group Red

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of Women of Fashion through History

Women of Fashion through History
Audrey Hepburn
Marilyn Monroe
Edie Sedgwick
Before Fame:
Edith Minturn Sedgwick was born in Santa Barbara, California in 1943. She was treated for bulimia at 15 before going on to Cambridge, Mass. to study sculpturing (Amiel 2007) .

In the spotlight:
Moving to New York, Edie met Andy Warhol in 1965, regularly visiting The Factory where she starred in his film work. Soon Warhol and Edie were the talk of the town. Edie became a sixties style catalyst and a muse for filmmakers. Her trademark look was black leotards, mini dresses and large chandelier earrings (Koenig 2007).

Results of Fame:
On a downward spiral, not able to cope with relationship and career breakdowns, Edie began to self -destruct with drug and alcohol abuse. Sedgwick’s abuse led to her death in 1971 (Corliss 1982).

Fashion Influence:
Today, Edie is not only a symbol of the 60s but an influential force on the fashion industry. Designers have named her their muse and runway shows featured ‘Edie’ impersonators (Lynch 2007). It can be said her spontaneous nature appeals to youthful audiences and will continue to as generations go by.

Gia Carangi
Before Fame:
Gia started working as a model in newspaper ads for her local paper in Philadelphia. Her mother left the family home when Gia was 11yo due to an abusive relationship with her husband Joseph.

In the Spotlight:
At 17yo, Gia moved to New York city where she quickly rose to fame, posing for Vogue and Cosmopolitan and working on ad campaigns for Armani, Dior, Versace and Yves Saint Laurent.

Results of Fame:
Gia frequented party places like Studio 54 and The Mudd Club. She used cocaine socially but later developed an addiction to heroin. In 1980, Gia’s addiction to heroin began to affect her work as she had tantrums on set and visible signs of her drug use. Modelling offers ceased and her drug addiction worsened leading to her death in 1986.

Fashion Influence:
Gia is remembered as being the world’s first supermodel and is believed to have created the style of ‘lesbian chic’ more than a decade before the style became famous. Gia has been portrayed by Angelina Jolie in a biographical film and has a documentary titled “The self-destruction of Gia”
Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel
Before Fame:
Gabrielle Chanel, later on known as Coco Chanel was born in 1883 in the small town of Samur, France, growing up in orphanages she was taught by nuns how to sew, a skill that would lead to her life's work.

In the spotlight:
In 1910 Coco opens her first shop selling hats. Not long after she started making clothes revolutionizing women fashion introducing collard shirts with ties, the Chanel suit, and the famous and the classical little black dress, she also creates a fragrance with her name on it Chanel no.5.

Results of Fame:
Coco never married, but she had a number of romances, including married man, and a german nazi officer, all of whom helped her and her business advance from strength to strength.

Fashion Influence:
Coco's legacy is unquestionable, she becomes the inspiration of Broadway musicals and Hollywood films, Time magazine places her on their most influential people of the 20th century, and her fashion empire is still going strong with sales in the billions of dollars a year.
The fashion world is a multi-billion dollar industry, constantly changing and filled with individuals who have challenged the industry over the years. When we take a look back at fashion throughout history there are a number of famous icons who have made such a mark on the industry that we need only to think of these individuals and we can easily remember an entire decade of not only fashion’s history but the social changes that occurred at the time. These individuals have become our fashion icons and despite the years gone by leave a powerful mark in history.
Credibility of information sourced for this presentation has been confirmed via Group Red's 4 point check (week 7 group task):
1) Is the information current? YES
2) Author qualifications and credentials? LISTED IF APPLICABLE
3) Information source listed properly? YES
4) Is the information based on facts? YES
Presentation Resource
Audrey Hepburn 1929 - 1993
Edie Sedgwick 1943 - 1971
Gia Carangi 1960 - 1986
Coco Chanel 1883-1971
Marilyn Monroe 1926 - 1962
Amiel, B, 2007, 'Get out the fishnets', Maclean's, Vol. 120, Issue 6, pp. 50-52

Corliss, R, 1982, 'Edie: The Extraterrestrial', Time, Vol. 120, Issue. 8, p. 68 <http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.lib.swin.edu.au/ehost/detail?sid=eb944ab4-2c2a-43a7-9d87-7d2ebaebad54%40sessionmgr14&vid=1&hid=26&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=a9h&AN=54223611>

Koenig R 2007, ‘Edie Sedgwick: The life and death of the Sixties star’, The Independent, 9 January, viewed 22 August 2013, <http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/profiles/edie-sedgwick-the-life-and-death-of-the-sixties-star-431412.html>

Lynch K 2007, ‘Profile of Edie Sedgwick, the “Girl on Fire”’,Blast Magazine , 1 February, viewed 22 August 2013, < http://blastmagazine.com/the-magazine/features/girl-on-fire/>

Before Fame:
Audrey Hepburn had a difficult childhood. Sent to boarding school at just 5 years, having her parents separate by 6 years and although she showed great promise as a ballet dancer her mother couldn’t afford to send her. (L’Ange des Enfants 1998)

In the Spotlight:
Following her Academy Award win in 1954 Audrey became highly sought after in Hollywood. Her style and fashion choices were world-famous and she soon found herself contracted by Givenchy, who would go on to design all her costumes. (L’Ange des Enfants 1998)

Results of Fame:
Audrey struggled during her career partly due to her childhood. She suffered from depression due to a string of miscarriages and during the war she suffered from malnutrition and anaemia, from which she developed an eating disorder. Ironically, Audrey’s iconic waif-like appearance for which she became famous was due to her eating disorder. (Cox 2011)

Fashion Influence:
Audrey’s ‘little black dress’, designed by Givency and worn in Breakfast at Tiffany’s, became the most iconic item of clothing in the 20th century. She was inducted into the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1961 and graced the covers of Vogue and Harpers Bazaar for many years. (L’Ange des Enfants 1998)
Before Fame:
Marilyn Monroe, originally born ‘Norma Jeane Mortenson’, grew up in foster homes due to her mothers’ mental instability (JR Taraborrelli, 2009).

In the spotlight:
For years Marilyn struggled with her career until 1952 when nude photographs taken years prior re-surfaced. Rather than cause harm, these pictures were published in Playboy Magazine, making Marilyn the first Playmate of the month, following which she became the ‘talk of Hollywood and her fame skyrocketed (Life Magazine, April 7 1952).

Results of Fame:
Marilyn had many struggles during her life including 3 broken marriages, a failed love affair with President John F. Kennedy and 2 miscarriages. She finally fell victim to the pressures of fame in 1962 and died from an overdose of barbiturates (Robert Slatzer, 1992)

Fashion Influence:
Marilyn’s contribution to the fashion world made a huge impact on women which remains to this day. Always an icon of femininity and sexuality Marilyn was responsible for bringing many unknown designers to fame and brought body-conscious designs to the forefront (Heather Warlick, July 30 2012).
GiaCarangi.org . 2013. GiaCarangi.org . [ONLINE] Available at: http://giacarangi.org/. [Accessed 15 August 2013].
Cox, A 2011, Audrey Hepburn: an iconic problem. Available from: <http://www.theguardian.com/film/2011/jan/20/audrey-hepburn-breakfast-at-tiffanys. [23 August 2013].

L’Ange des Enfants 1998, Timeline of Audrey’s Life. Available from: <http://www.audrey1.org/>. [23 August 2013].
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