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Transcript of Homelessness
Logan Lawrence New York City 43731 homeless in shelter system this August
Up 18% from last years rates Weak economy/Recession
Rising housing costs
Especially true for blacks and hispanics
Wages and welfare haven't kept pace with health care/housing costs. Potential Causes
in NYC 228 homeless shelters in NYC
211 in 2010
Mostly Privately run DHS funded. Problems Landlords are given incentive to push out low-income tenants in favor of doing deals with the DHS. The 'Advantage' System New York City had a program called advantage
Program tried to combat homelessness
Families with jobs get help with their rent for two years
The state dropped its funding
“The tragedy of losing Advantage was not just that we lost it, but that we lost it at a time when money was so tight that it was almost impossible to get it back.” -homeless services commissioner Was on Advantage for two years
Continued dentist office job afterward
Lost her position a few months later
Unable to afford rent
Her and her 8 year old daughter went to apply for shelter
“My plan was to get help and save to get my own apartment. Right now its not easy” Tayna Munoz Bibliography Edwards, Aaron. "Homelessness Rises Sharply." New York Times. 11 Aug 2012: A.1. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 16 Aug 2012.
Sethi, Arjun. "Homelessness Treated As Criminals in America." USA TODAY. 15 Feb 2012: A.7. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 16 Aug 2012. Homeless Treated as Criminals Survey of 234 cities
24% prohibit begging
22% prohibit loitering
16% illegal to sleep in public places
From 1999 to 2010
1200 acts of reported violence
312 deaths among homeless
Jailing each homeless costs $87 daily
Costs only $28 for a shelter Criminal Facts In Fairfax County Virginia
Initiatives put in place
Maintaining affordable housing
Creating a homeless office
Homelessness reduced by 16% in individuals, 29% in families since 2008 Solutions http://www.endhomelessness.org/page/-/assets/img/editorFiles/Image/map31%20doubled%20up.png "Doubled up" People that live with friends or family because of money 1 in 12 odds of experiencing homelessness over a year Most common living situation for people before they enter a shelter 44 percent of adults in families
30 percent of all shelter users Demographics Odds of homelessness are 1 in 194 for the general population
Odds vary by circumstance
Incomes at/below poverty line increase to 1 in 29
Group at greatest risk is poor veterans
1 in 10 risk of experiencing homelessness yearly Recently Out of Jail 5%+ using the homeless shelter were in prison, jail, or juvenile detention before they entered shelter
Odds are 1 in 13 to be homeless over a year Youth Who Age out of Foster Care Odds of experiencing homelessness are 1 in 11. http://www.endhomelessness.org/page/-/assets/img/editorFiles/Image/Figure%201.1%20SOH%202012.png Homelessness Counts 63% individuals
37% families with children 38% live on the streets About 636,000 Americans are homeless http://b.3cdn.net/naeh/75899cf6ac7587fad1_orm6b54rc.png Homeless Economics http://www.endhomelessness.org/page/-/assets/img/editorFiles/Image/map%202.2%20SOH2012.png Root cause of homelessness: Money
Cant afford housing
True for 83% 75 percent of households in poverty are severely housing cost burdened
Housing accounts for 50%+ of their costs
Change in income can cause instability and lead to homelessness http://www.aperfectworld.org/clipart/academic/female_student.png http://mlblogsmartelli.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/teacher_-_strict1.gif One day Professor Fuchs asked if homelessness was the result of drug abuse and misguided entitlement programs as the conservatives claimed, or did it occur, as the liberals argued, because of cuts in social-service programs and the failure to create economic opportunity for the poor? Professor Fuchs called on me. I hesitated. "Sometimes, I think, it's neither." "Can you Explain yourself?" "I think that maybe sometimes people get the lives they want." "Are you saying homeless people want to live on the street?" Professor Fuchs asked. "Are you saying they don't want warm beds and roofs over their heads?" "Not exactly," I said. I was fumbling for words. "They do. But if some of them were willing to work hard and make compromises, they might not have ideal lives, but they could make ends meet." Professor Fuchs walked around from behind her lectern. "What do you know about the lives of the underprivileged?" She asked. She was practically trembling with agitation. "What do you know about the hardships and obstacles that the underclass faces?" The other students were staring at me. "You have a point," I said. Causes, Solutions Homelessness What are the causes?
What are the solutions?
Who is at risk of homelessness?
How many homeless are there?
Glass Castle Discussion . "SOH 2012: Chapter One - Homelessness Counts." http://www.endhomelessness.org. N.p., 17 2012. Web. 25 Oct 2012. <http://www.endhomelessness.org/library/entry/soh-2012-chapter-one-homelessness-counts>. Homelessness What We Learned Why it's Important
Obviously from this information you can see that there are people out there that aren’t as fortunate as us.
There are families out there without food, water or shelter. Some can help it and some cannot. We will never know what it’s like to live in their shoes until we experience it ourselves.
We learned a variety of useful information ranging from the numbers of those that live on the streets including children, to the various reasons that people cannot find a home, among other statistics.
The most surprising and eye popping statistic was the number of children that are on their own on the streets.
EOU offers an alternative spring break trip
where students go to homeless shelters in Portland and help the homeless for spring break.