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The Amazing Ancient Rome

the roman empire
by

Sofia Varon

on 28 April 2013

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Transcript of The Amazing Ancient Rome

THE AMAZING ANCIENT ROME Hi! Welcome to Ancient Rome! Today, we will be talking about ancient Rome's economy, social, environment, and government. Just sit back, and enjoy the journey through Ancient Rome! :) Introduction By: Sofia Varon, Monica Mao
Isaac Nay, and Hayden Soo We think Ancient Rome is AWESOME! We are very happy that we got to share what we learned with you. Hopefully, you learned alot about this awesome civilazation, that helped the world be the way it is today. Thanks for listening! Bye! :) Conclusion Economy food, clothing, shelter, jobs, tech, health, transportation, trade Food Clothing Shelter Jobs Transportation boats
chariots
walking Social Social Structure, Family and Friends, Education, Language, Religion, Arts, Recreation/Sports Art language Political Government and citizenship,
political structure, legal system,
and defense and war. Family and Friends Religion Climate, Natural Resources,
bodies of water,
animal life, landforms, vegetation Environment Ancient Rome The romans spoke Latin Romans copied Greek art
The Romans made lots of Paintings and mosaics
Art would usually show daily life
The wealthy would usually have lots of art in their houses, and scenes on walls
The Romans wanted their art to have an important message
Rich people or rulers would have pictures of the battles they won
Pictures often showed how AWESOME it is to be a Roman
Portraits are Roman's specialties, and the artists often tried to make the model look better
There were paintings of Gods and Godesses in public places
There were mosaics on the floor Animal Life Farm animals had great value
the first few Romans were shepherds
Wolves and sheep were in lots of Roman Legends
Horses were used for transportation, and for military use
Oxen and donkeys usually ran machinery
Elephants and Oxen pulled trains with heavy loads defence and war wariors were rewarded with wheat kjv.sd 1 1 1 1 roman sports 1 warrio Many roman sports were very violent OOOOOOO OOOOOO OOOOOOO Health Technology Political Structure Legal System Defence and war Social Structure Education Language Climate Natural Resources Bodies of Water since the Romans conquered most of the world, they
had most of the things that we have today Vegetation Landforms Romans didn't use technology much, because they used slaves to do alot of the work. they invented the following: poorer Romans were healthier because they didn't have as much of the unhealthy luxuries that rich Romans had Trade traded with the Greeks (Greece)
traded with the other parts of the Roman empire the coloseum Statues/ Sculptures Statues were made out of clay or marble
Statues were usually of naked people
There were lots of statues of important people
Statues are always made to their best
Many buildings had statues or carvings
Temples have lots of statues of the Gods
There were many Neptune mosaics/sculptures in bathhouses.
Emperors had their own statues
Sculptors tried to make things look like real life Education
-most roman kids did not go to school
-some rich boys went to school
-barely any girls went to school
-same teacher taught boys from age 7 to 11
-One room and one teacher
-rich kids had a slave to walk them to school and kept them safe
-Teachers hit kids
-Some kids, both boys and girls, had home school
-mostly mothers or fathers taught their children
-sometimes hired a teacher
-might buy a slave as the home teacher
-Wood covered in wax for paper
-No desk
-No science art or gym
-Students learn math and how to read and write
-boys read from papyrus scrolls
-memorized a lot of poetry
-learned to play a musical instrument -lower class lived in apartment houses, called flats, above or behind their shops
-they didn't have toilets -made of wood
-whole family crowded into one room
-no running water
-Upper class lived in their own family houses made of brick with red tile roofs
-rooms arranged around a central courtyard
-windows and balconies faced the courtyard instead of the street to avoid burglary
-painting on the walls and mosaics on the floor
-little furniture, no carpeting
-very rich people might have a house with a front door, bedrooms, an office, a kitchen, a dining room, a garden, a temple, an atrium, a toilet, and a private bath -built city on seven hills that could be defended
-farmed at base of the hill and lived on hilltops
-The Seven Hills of Rome: Cermalus, Cispius, Fagutal, Oppius, Palatium, Sucusa, Velia
-Seven Hills were renamed: Aventinus, Caelius, Capitolium, Esquiliae, Palatium, Quirinalis, Viminalis
-Some hills are older while some are newer.
-Rome is in a Good safe location with good farmland
-Near Mediterranean Sea and its trade routes
-Near Tiber River which helped trade and made protection
-Marshy ravines emptied for building
-Protective wall protects some hills from intruders -Spring: 29degrees at day and 15at night
-lots of light rain
-warm breeze
-Summer: reached 40degrees minimum
-after August, temperature lowers
-barely rain
-dry and hot
-Fall: 23degrees at day and 6 at night
-during November, gets colder
-frequent rainfall in late October
-rainiest month: November and December
-Winter: 1 degree to 12
-relatively mild
-barely gets below freezing temperature
-coldest month is January
-snow is very rare but did happen
-can be very wet
-wettest months are November and December
-icy winds until March
-River Tiber floods during the winter months The Theater -Gladiatorial combat
-Combat against beasts
-Hand to hand combat
-Naval battles
-Chariot racing
-Hunting
-Swimming
-Playing with a ball
-Lots of sports are fighting or combat
-throwing javelins, discus, boxing but these were not popular Again, they copied the Greeks
The best actors in Rome were usually Greek
Plays were usually for religious festivals
Plays gained popularity by the wealthy paying to see them
Some times you could get free tickets
No women were allowed to sit in the front because they might run off with one of the actors
All comedies copied Greek plays
Plays usually have happy endings
Almost all the Romans prefered comedies over tragedies
They created miming
Msks were made out of stiff, shaped linen
A cheeky scheming slave is one of the standard comedy characters N/A Men's Clothing Men wore tunics and togas
Belts were worn for 2 piece clothing
togas were for citizens only
Cloaks were worn at the time of war
At the time of Augustus, togas were worn on a daily schedule
At the beginning of the Ancient Rome times, togas were only for special occasions
the colour of your toga would show your ranking (Next slide)
Soleas (both men and women) were like a modern shoe
later, you could wear any toga that you wanted Government and citizenship since romans conquered most of the world, they had access to most bodies of water Ranking With Clothing ADULT MALE: Toga Virgils
SENATORS/ CONSULS: Toga Praetexta
ROMAN GENERAL: Toga Picta WHITE: Men
WHITE WITH A PURPLE BORDER: Magistrates or Boys Of Higher Classes DARK WOOL: If someone died BLEACHED: Polititians PURPLE WITH GOLDEN EMBROIDERY: Winning Generals, and later Emperors Women's Clothing Women wore tunicas Women tunics are allot like Greek chitons vallus (plow)
slave-powered crane
central heating (giant fire under the building, with vents to let the hot air through
onager (slingshot-catapult)
aqueduct
lead pipes Married women wore stolas Women had tunics for indoors and outdoors Sometimes, women wore cloaks Rich women wore Chinese silk and Indian cotton Makeup and Jewelery Some makeup was poisonous Red ocher was used to colour lips and cheeks Rings, bracelets, and rings were often worn in Ancient Rome Most jewelery was usually made out of glass, or cheap bronze Many had pierced ears Shoes Open toes were worn at home Covered toe shoes were worn in public Sandals were worn indoors, and also in the summer Shoes and sandals were made out of leather, or cork Stolas were fine wool that went down to their ankles Hair was usually piled up high Hair was curly Meals were simple They were experts at preserving food It was common to eat stew and bread Meat was expensive, so it was rarely eaten Garum Popular sauce Was left in the sun for fishiness Garum gives flavor to food The Romans cooked with charcoal Rich ate different than poor Wealthy people had 1 big meal every day at 4 pm, and it lasts for HOURS! They used to sit and lie on couches around the table Some of the slaves made weird dishes that included songbirds cooked in asparagus sauce, and rodents in honey There was lots of fresh fruit Romans ate with spoons and fingers Romans ate hamburgers Only 3 rich men were allowed to become citizens at first Citizens had the right to vote, allowed to join the government, serve in the army, own property, and help make Rome a better place The rich people paid for roads and buildings Free men were allowed to become citizens after 212 AD Women and slaves weren't allowed to become citizens The government changed allot Senates During the republic age, the senates were the most powerful. The senate was a group of chosen citizens to be the government Romans voted for 2 people to become the head of the senate Heads were called consuls The emperor ruled the most during the age of the Emperors Consuls ran the Roman army, and meetings for the senate and government It was important to rule foreign lands or "provinces" Each province has their own legatus, who bossed the army in that province The Romans believed the story of Romulus and Remus There were bonfires in April for the founding of Rome Gods and Goddesses Jupiter= Zues
Juno= Hera
Dianna= Artemis
Bacchus= Dionysus
Saturn= Cronus
Mars= Ares
Minerva= Athena
Apollo= Apollo
Ceres= Demeter
Cupid= Eros
Hercules= Heracles
Mercury= Hermes
Neptune= Poseidon
Pluto= Hades
Prosperpina= Persephone
Venus= Aphrodite
Vulcan= Hephaestus Each God/ Goddess has their own festival Dianna protected the slaves Dianna's festival was a slave holiday
Janus controlled the earth The Romans thought that Janus was Apollo's son Jupiter banished Saturn Janus guarded Rome Januarius (January) is Janus' month Cardea was in charge of doors and gates Household Gods Household Gods had shrines They protected the family and home Major Gods had their own temples and priests Gods were kept happy by giving sacrifices Everyone gave food and animals to the Gods Each house had it's own small statue of a god There were lots of festivals and celebrations Romulus And Remus Legend has it, that after the Greeks destroyed the city of Troy, Prince Aeneas of Troy, who is also the son of Venus, made it out of Troy, and sailed to the west. After lots of traveling, himself and his group arrived in Italy, in an area named Latinum. The ruler, Latinus, had seen them coming in his dreams, and was told that if his daughter Lavinia married Aeneas, there would be many powerful people. The wedding was set, and Aeneas's son Ascanius founded Alba Longa. One of Ascanius's descendents was Procas, had two sons named Numitor and Amulius. Numitor was the eldest, so he was the heir, but Amulius sent his brother into exile, so that he would have the throne. Just to make sure the throne would be his, he made it so that Rhea Silvia, Numitor's only child, couldn't have any kids, or get married. However, Mars secretly went to Rhea, and she soon gave birth to twins. Amulius was so angry, so he drowned her in the Tiber River, and put the babies in a basket and put it on the Tiber River. The basket kept floating until they got to shore, near Palatine Hill. When the babies started to cry, a she-wolf came. The wolf took care of the twins in a cave. Later, a shepherd named Faustulus found the twins and took them home to his wife, so they could raise them as their own. They named them Romulus and Remus. The twins grew up to be strong men. One day, some shepherds kidnapped Remus, and took him to their master, who just so happened to be Numitor. Romulus followed the shepherds and pleaded Numitor to give Remus back. Numitor soon realized that these 2 boys were his grandsons. With some help from the twins, Numitor killed Amulius, and saved Alba Longa. The twins decided to build a town, choosing the place that they were washed to. But who would be the ruler? To find out, Romulus went to the top of Palatine Hill, and Remus to Aventine Hill. They waited for the gods to pick the new ruler. Soon enough, six vultures went to Remus, and twelve to Romulus. Romulus declared to be the ruler, while Remus was jealous. Romulus decided to build the new town on Palatine Hill. Remus couldn't stand it, so he jumped over the half-built walls. Angry, Romulus challenged him to a fight, and killed Remus. Romulus was then king, and the town was named Rome, after him. Some jobs are:
-shopkeepers
-slave traders
-chariot racers
-senators
-merchants The plebeians did the farming Government: Emperors in Charge
Senators also in charge Citizenship:you are a citizen and you:
- (certain age limitations)
- Aren't foreign
- aren't aslave or was slave Emperor
Senators
Patricians
Plebeians
Slaves A lot of friends after you're money In a family, the father is in charge until
child (boy) father dies
child (girl) get married (in which case your husband will now be in charge) the Romans spoke LATIN pictures ? they had great armies, and they also invaded many areas around it. they paid warriors more than other countries to keep them full time 3
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