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Family Systems Theory
Transcript of Family Systems Theory
Family Systems Theory
A sociological theory that explains the interactions among family members.
Macro or Micro theory?
Micro theories focus on individuals and their interactions opposed to macro theories which focus on social structure. Family is considered a basic human system. This theory is considered a micro theory because it focuses on each family member and they're role. what they contribute to themselves and the family unit.
Introduction to Family Systems Theory
An approach to treatment that emphasizes the interdependency of family members rather than focusing on individuals in isolation from the family. This theory underlines the most influential forms of contemporary family therapy. Family systems theory applies to the examination of the family process.
What is a family system?
In this Youtube link, Jim Hurley explains and gives examples on what a family system is and why it is seen everywhere in society.
The family systems theory is a theory introduced by Dr. Murray Bowen that suggests that individuals cannot be understood in isolation from one another, but rather as a part of their family, as the family is an emotional unit. Families are systems of interconnected and interdependent individuals, none of whom can be understood in isolation from the system.
Dr. Maurry Bowen Theory
I For example, if a husband is depressive and cannot pull himself together, the wife may need to take up more responsibilities to pick up the slack. The change in roles may maintain the stability in the relationship, but it may also push the family towards a different equilibrium. This new equilibrium may lead to dysfunction as the wife may not be able to maintain this overachieving role over a long period of time.
8 Interlocking concepts
2)Diffrentiation of Self
4)Family Projection Process
5)Multi-generational Transmission process
8)Societal Emotional Process
A family is a system where each member has roles to play and rules to repect.
For each behaviour their is a cause and effect, maintaining the same pattern of behaviours can cause balance but it may also cause dysfunction.
The advantages and limitations of looking at/studying the family through your theory
In the discipline of Social Psychology, the family is often viewed as a social network. In Family Systems Theory the family is referred to as a unit in which the family interacts, is engaged in, and has been shown to influence individual members of the system. There are a number of social psychological concepts which can also be applied to Family Systems Theory.
Pros / Cons
-focuses on family
- individuals best understood within families
-positive reciprocal effects
- one perspective
-many view points
-serve as a function