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Making Proud Choices: The Consequences of Sex: STDs

Module 3: What are STDs, and who gets them? What are the most common STIs, and what are the symptoms? How can they be prevented?

Jeff Bradley

on 21 April 2015

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Transcript of Making Proud Choices: The Consequences of Sex: STDs

Making Proud Choices
The Consequences of Sex:
What's out there?
How can we prevent STIs?
Use Condoms During Any Sexual Contact
Hey Genius,
Try Abstinence
Get Tested
(Human Papilloma Virus)
Who is infected?
What's an STD?
Virus | Bacteria | Parasite
Saving sex for marriage is the only way to be
100% sure you will not catch or spread STDs.
These microorganisms live in the sexual fluids, blood, and in skin in and around the genitals. They are transmitted through sexual contact.
These microorganisms live in the sexual fluids, blood, and in/on/around the genital area. They are spread through sexual contact.
ANY kind of sexual contact.
Bacterial and parasitic infections can be cured; viral infections cannot be cured -- only treated.
Can they be cured?
Bacterial and parasitic infections
can be cured
Viral infections
cannot be cured
-- only treated.
You don't want to know.
But you're about to find out anyway.
More throat cancer is caused by HPV than by smoking cigarettes!

Human Papilloma Virus
Spread through sexual contact and skin to skin contact.
Can cause genital warts; cancer of the cervix, penis, or anus; and throat cancer.
Throat cancer caused by HPV
Trichomonas Vaginalis is a parasite.
Increases the risk of getting HIV.
Causes irritation and yellow or greenish foamy, stinky discharge.
Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that most often has NO SYMPTOMS -- even for years.

Can cause burning sensation, abdominal pain, and discharge

Can cause infertility if it isn't treated.
Chlamydia Infection
Herpes is a virus and cannot be cured.

Causes outbreaks of sores on the genitals or mouth.
Gonorrhea is a bacteria that causes a build up of discharge and/or pus.

Often has no symptoms.

Becoming resistant to medication.
Gonorrhea Infection
1 in 4 teen girls has an STD
Anyone who is sexually active outside a committed relationship, regardless of income, social status, or level of health, can have an STD.
STDs are really common -- every year there are more than 19 million new cases in the U.S. about 9.1 million of them are teenagers and young adults aged 15 to 24.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that there are more than 110 million STIs among men and women in the U.S. This includes both new and existing infections.
(and it is 100% effective at preventing pregnancy!)
(and it's 100% effective at preventing the regret and emotional consequences of sex!)
When used correctly and consistently from beginning to end, condoms are the
method, other than abstinence, that reduces the risk of
pregnancy and STDs, including HIV.
But even with consistent and correct condom use, the risk of STDs and pregnancy is only reduced,
Anyone who is sexually active (which means any kind of sexual contact) should be tested for STDs at least once a year. Especially if you or your partner has had more than one sexual partner in your lifetime.
STDs are 100% preventable. Just remember:
No touchy,
No getty!
Syphillis is a bacteria that used to be the deadliest disease in the world.

Attacks and destroys cells and, if not treated, can lead to outbreaks of sores, blindness, dementia, even death.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes the immune system to destroy itself.
Once the immune system becomes unable to fight infection, it is AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). Someone with AIDS has about 6 months to live.
Modern medicine allows someone with HIV to live for years or even decades -- on lots of medication.
Sores caused by HIV
Remember: If you are intimate with someone then you are, essentially, being intimate with everyone they have ever been with.
It only takes once to become pregnant or catch an STD.
It can show up in many places.
Trichomonas Vaginalis Parasite
Nearly half of the 19 million new STD's each year are among young people aged 15–24 years
Identify the signs and symptoms of the most common STDs.
Identify how STDs, including HIV/AIDS, are transmitted and how they can be prevented.
Identify how condoms can help prevent STDs, including HIV and pregnancy, if they are used correctly.
is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants to bacteria and archaea.
constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometers in length, bacteria have a wide range of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals. Some bacteria can be good and some can cause disease.

is an
organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the host's expense.
How do you think people get STDs?
Sexual Intercourse
Oral Sex
Anal Sex
Mother to child (during pregnancy / birth / breast feeding)
Sharing needles
What are some symptoms of STDs?
Burning when urinating
Sores, blisters, warts, or pimples near mouth or genitals.
Unusual discharge from penis or vagina (leaking / dripping uncontrollably)
Rash or itching in the genital area
Frequent urination
Abdominal pain
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Full transcript