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THE VALLEY AND RIDGE & THE APPALACHIAN PLATEAU

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Margaret Cory

on 3 September 2014

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Transcript of THE VALLEY AND RIDGE & THE APPALACHIAN PLATEAU

Geography, Soil & Environment
Valley and Ridge:
Located west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Includes the Great Valley of Virginia and other valleys separated by ridges
Ridges consists of folded Paleozoic Sedimentary rock, along with Cambrian-aged sandstones (540 million years old)
Well developed caves and sinkholes can be found in the Great Valley,
Most rugged area of the state, consisting of many rock peaks, & parallel ridges and knobs that run in a NE to SW direction that are separated by lowlands & river valleys.
Vegetation consists of oak forests on the ridges. Lower valleys are in agricultural production and urban development.
Heavily forested with hidden caverns and underground streams

Population
Valley and Ridge:
360,000 people as of 2012 census
Major Cities and Towns
Valley and Ridge:
The Valley and Ridge Appalachians is a belt within the Appalachian Mountain’s. The states that it embodies are New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama. Virginia has only a small part of the Appalachian Mountain’s.
Major Historic Sites
Valley and Ridge:
National D-Day memorial located in Bedford County
Crab Orchard Museum and Pioneer park which is located in Tazewell County
Smithfield plantation which is located Blacksburg Virginia.
THE VALLEY AND RIDGE & THE APPALACHIAN PLATEAU
Now you know a little more about the Valley and Ridge & the Appalachian Plateau, We hope you come and visit us sometime soon!
CREATED BY: MAGGIE CORY, LINDSEY NEGRON, LEANN MILLER, CECILIA MOSER & TIM HALE

Major Rivers & Bodies of Water
Valley and Ridge:

There are popular hot springs for tourists; this is found in the town of Hot Springs.
The biggest river in the Valley and Ridge area is the Potomac River.
The body of water in the Valley and Ridge region is the Shenandoah River
. Bridgewater is part of the Shenandoah Valley and is between Dry River and North River. It is part of Rockingham county and part of Harrisonburg, VA.
Economy: Products and Industry
Valley and Ridge:
Products: Apples, Trout (from the many rivers near the region) & Poultry
Industries: Ski resorts and Farming
Political Demographic
Both the Valley and Ridge & the Appalachian Plateau voted Republican in the past three presidential elections in 2004, 2008, and 2012.
In 2004 , over 70% of the Valley and Ridge & Appalachian Plateau voted for George Bush (Republican).

Appalachian Plateau:
Located in the South West corner of Virginia
Fertile soil
Rugged mountains of the east meet the more rolling terrain of the Appalachian Plateau
Covered with rivers, streams and forests
Averages about 2,000 feet above sea level
Appalachian Plateau:
About 20,000 people as of the 2012 census
Appalachian Plateau:
In Virginia this is the Southwestern part of the state and is the smallest region. In the Appalachian Plateau the counties are Wise, Dickenson and Buchanan.
Wise county had a population of 41,452 as of the 2010 census, with Big Stone Gap being the largest town in the county.
Dickenson county had a population of 15,903 as of the 2010 census, breaking up into 5 districts, Clintwood, Ervinton, Kenady, Sandlick and Willis. Clintwood being the largest of these
Buchanan county had a population of 24,098 as of the 2010 census, broken up into 5 districts Garden, Hurricane, Knox , North and South Grundy, Prater, and Rock Lick. The largest town is Grundy. In 2009, Buchanan was announced the poorest county in Virginia.
Appalachian Plateau:
The regions is apart of the Big Sandy Watershed, which consist of three major rivers
The Pound River
The Cranes Nest River
The Russell Fork River
Appalachian Plateau:
Coal is the main product and industry in the Appalachian Plateau
Appalachian Plateau:
Booker T. Washington National Monument
Ethnic Groups
Valley and Ridge: Cherokee Indians that speak Iroquoian languages resided there thousands of years before the English arrived and colonized in 1607.
Appalachian Plateau: Cherokee Indians first lived in the valley and ridge region before English settlers began moving in 1607
Important Things To Know
Valley and Ridge & Appalachian Plateau:
Home of Emory and Henry College, Ferrum College, Hollins University, Radford University, VMI, James Madison University and Virginia Tech
In the Valley and Ridge you can the visit the Pinnacle Natural Area Preserve
Works Cited
Valley and Ridge
Appalachian Plateau
Appalachian Plateau and the large amounts of coal they export
"If the Obama campaign’s pre-election polling looked anything like the maps of election results in coal-mining regions of southwestern Virginia and southern Ohio, it’s easy to imagine strategists telling the president, “Don’t exacerbate this ‘war on coal’ thing or it could hurt us in swing states” (see map)
What is D-Day?
What is Crab Orchard and Pioneer Park?
What is the Smithfield Plantation?
What is the Pinnacle Natural Area Preserve?
What is the Booker T. Washington National Monument?
"The park is the site of famed educator, orator, and presidential advisor, Booker T. Washington's birth, early life, and emancipation."
Through his ideas of race, education and labor helped form the tobacco plantation we see today, it allows the public to view what it was like when slavery existed. Visitors explore the daily struggles and routine slavery endured during their everyday life. A monument dedicated to his hard work to bring racial discrimination to an end.
Located at the eastern continental divide, lies the home of William Preston. William Preston was a leader in the western expansion and patriot in the Revolutionary war. His home established a safe haven for aristocratic elegance, which eventually began the popular spot within the county.
The land was owned by A. Jefferson Higginbotham, Jr. when the park was created in 1975-78.

The park provides a place for Archaeologists to look deeper into the history of the Woodland period of the Cherokee tribe, later attained by the Witten family. The park consists of 15 historic log cabins, stone structures, & the Red Barn.
Located in the county of Bedford lies the D-day memorial for WWII soldiers. Due to the large amounts of casualties the county suffered from, it ranks the
highest in the nation for the D-Day invasion. In return, a monument was dedicated to county, in honor of their fight for our country and our allying countries. D-Day was the turning point in WWII for the Allie forces on the beaches on Normandy. The memorial displays all the names of the Allie soldiers that lost their lives the day of June 6th, 1944.
Virginia's Map of Cities
Virginia's Map of Rivers
A Weird Law:
Its Illegal to kick your wife out of bed. Lebanon, VA
Information
http://www.i-am-the-one.com/downloads/va-college-university-map/IAmTheOne_VACollegeUniversityMap.pdf
http://www.stupidlaws.com/laws/united-states/virginia/lebanon/
http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/natural_heritage/natural_area_preserves/pinnacle.shtml
http://www.sherpaguides.com/virginia/mountains/app_plateau/big_sandy_river.html
http://www.dday.org/
http://craborchardmuseum.wordpress.com/about/mission-history/
http://www.smithfieldplantation.org/pages/visit.html \.
http://web.scott.k12.va.us/martha2/History%20Page.htm
http://www.virginia.org/historicsites/
http://www.fs.fed.us/land/pubs/ecoregions/ch18.html
http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/virginia_naturally/documents/chapter1.pdf
http://www.flickr.com/photos/appvoices/8203945794/
http://appvoices.org/2012/11/
http://web.wm.edu/geology/virginia/provinces/valleyridge/valley_ridge_kids.html
http://www.e-referencedesk.com/resources/state-geography/virginia.html
http://web.wm.edu/geology/virginia/provinces/valleyridge/valley_ridge.html
http://web.wm.edu/geology/virginia/provinces/app_plateau/app_plateau.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ridge-and-Valley_Appalachians
http://web.scott.k12.va.us/martha2/Allegheny.htm
http://web.scott.k12.va.us/martha2/Virginia%27s%20Geography.htm
Works Cited
Photos
"Towering cliffs, sheer limestone ledges, and waterfalls are but a few of the spectacular features of this preserve. Located near the confluence of the Clinch River and Big Cedar Creek,
the topography of Pinnacle NAP has been modified by the forces of weather, water, and time to create this dramatic landscape. Towering above Big Cedar Creek is an impressive rock formation, the Pinnacle, from which the area derives its name. Cut from dolomite, the Pinnacle rises 400 feet above Big Cedar Creek. The Preserve's unique habitats support at least nine rare species and two rare natural communities."
http://www.accessiblevirginia.org/southwestbrh.htm
http://www.smithfieldplantation.org/pages/visit/directions.html
http://www.nps.gov/bowa/photosmultimedia/index.htm
http://geology.com/state-map/virginia.shtml
http://www.usamapxl.com/usa/states/virginia-map
http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/state.php?f=0&fips=51&year=2004
www.plunderingappalachia.org
http://www.dday.org/
https://www.google.com/search?q=cherokee+indians+in+the+appalachian+plateau+virginia&spell=1&sa=X&ei=MjEFVJOOM43xgwSRz4DABg&ved=0CBwQvwUoAA&biw=1280&bih=699
http://workforce.calu.edu/twiss/images/mountainriver.jpg
http://www.appalachianviews.com/George-Washington-National-For/i-nNHxbGC/0/M/View%20of%20the%20Ridge%20and%20Valley%20Appalachians%20from%20Tibbet%20Knob%2C%20George%20Washington%20National%20Forest%2C%20West%20Virginia-M.jpg
http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/natural_heritage/natural_area_preserves/pinnacle.shtml
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