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Holocost

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by

Madison Norket

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Holocost

The Nuremberg Trials The Trials took place in 1945-1946 These trials were for those people responsible for crimes during the Holocaust There were twenty-two major Nazi criminal trials The Allied Powers -- Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States -- provided judges for the trials Twelve prominent Nazi leaders were sentenced to death Most claimed they were simply following orders of higher authority Most of the defendants admitted to the crimes of which they were accused For the survivors, returning to life
as it had been before the Holocaust
was impossible. The individuals that were directly involved in the killings were the most severely punished Many criminals were never tried, they fled to live abroad. Hundreds came as refugees to the United States Jewish communities no longer
existed in much of Europe. Death Marches Near the end of the war the Germans began to move the prisoners from the camps to Germany They were first taken by train, then by foot, on "death marches" is what they became known as. Prisoners had to march long distances in cold weather with little to no food, water, or rest. Prisoners who didn't keep up were shot. The largest of the death marches were during the winter of 1944-1945 The Nazi Camp System The Nazi camp system started out as a system of repression directed against political opponents of the Nazi state In about 1935, the organization also began to imprison people who were designated as racially or biologically inferior, Especially Jews. Germans arrested anyone who resisted their rule. Within 3 years the number of prisoners went from
before the war to in March 1942. 25,000 100,000 According to SS reports, there were more than
prisoners registered in the concentration camps in January 1945. 70,000 Prisoners of the Camps Jews were the main target on Nazi genocide Prisoners were required to wear color coded triangles on their jackets so the guards could tell which group they belong to. Political prisoners wore black
Common criminals wore green
Roma and Germans wore black
Jehovah's Witnesses wore purple
Homosexuals wore pink They also wore letters that stood for their nationality. Enemy of the State A group that was also targeted by the Nazi party were the Roma (Gypsies) The Roma was faced with prejudice ever since they came to Germany in the 1400s. Romanian families, in the larger cities, were rounded up together and sent to camp grounds that were guarded by police Jehovah's Witnesses were also prosecuted The Witnesses were victim because of their beliefs and their choice to not join the army or show any support for the government Once Hitler gained power, the Witnesses were sent to concentration camps. Even though Jews were most affected and was the main target of Nazi, they weren’t the only one who got persecuted. Homosexuals were also victims The Nazi party viewed homosexuals as abnormal and unmanly Liberation While allied troops moved across Europe they found tens of thousands of concentration camp prisoners. When the allied troops were advancing on the camps, the Germans attempted to evacuate the prisoners and burn down the camps to hide evidence of mass murder Liberators confronted unspeakable conditions in the Nazi camps, where piles of corpses lay unburied. Only after the liberation of these camps was the full scope of Nazi horror exposed. The Survivors Forced Labor Germany's forced labor focused on boosting war production. Those who were not sent to concentration group lost their jobs, social welfare benefits, and their civil rights. When Germany forces occupied Poland in September 1939, Jews were sent to help repair roads that were damage during the war. They were forced to work 10-12 hr days. The ability to work could save one's life People who couldn't work were shot down Many survivors, who had lost their homes, ended up in displaced persons' camps These camps were set up in abandoned concentration camps When trying to leave the country they found that many countries limited the amount of refugees that were able to immigrate to their country The United Nations voted to divide Palestine into a Jewish and Arab state. On May 14, 1948 the state of Israel was formed. When people tried to return to their houses, coming from camps and various hiding places, they found that their homes had been looted or taken over by others. Anti-Jewish riots broke out in fear that Jews would want to take back what was theirs before the war •Age-old myths, such as Jews' ritual murders of Christians, arose once again. After a rumor spread that Jews had killed a Polish boy to use his blood in religious rituals, a mob attacked the group of survivors. The rioters killed 41 people and wounded 50 more Jews realized that there was no future for them in Poland
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