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CHINA CULTURE

CHINA CULTURE
by

Teresa Diaz Dominguez

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of CHINA CULTURE

UNIVERSIDAD JUAREZ AUTONOMA DE TABASCO NAME ORIGIN CAPITAL CITY CHINESE CULTURE The English name "China", similar in the majority of the European languages, seems to have arrived in Europe from the south of Asia and, although there is no conclusive evidence, it could possibly come from the name of the first imperial dynasty called Qin. In ancient times, the name Cathay was also used. Cathay comes from the Altaic people of Khitan that founded the dynasty Liao in the tenth century. MAIN CITIES The capital of China is Pekin, also known as Beijing. this great city is full of contrasts, and represented as any political idiosyncrasies, cultural and social development. If you travel to Beijing, are a must-see the Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, Ming Tombs, the Summer Palace and the Temple of Heaven, among other places essential. POPULATION China is the most populous country in the world and fourth in extension. Its vast territory is divided into 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macao, and has such prominent cities like Shanghai. LOCATION The Republic of China is located in eastern Asia and its area is 9,596,961 km2.Bordered on the north by Mongolia, Russia, on the northwest by Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and KajastánThe east by North Korea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, the west by Pakistan and Afghanistan, south India, Nepal, Mianma, Laos, Bhutan and Vietnam. China is the most populous country in the world and fourth in extension. Its vast territory is divided into 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macao, and has such prominent cities like Shanghai. Is a special administrative region in southern China consists of a peninsula and several islands.
Today Hong Kong is one of the major financial centers of Asia, and its economy is heavily dependent on international trade, particularly trade between China and the rest of the world.
This means that there is a great facility to establish businesses in the territory and to move money from outside Hong Kong.
Also, with a population of seven million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. XIAN HONG KONG Xian is one of the key tour stops throughout China.
It is a place full of ancient archaeological wonders. Some of the most famous archaeological treasures are the Terracotta Warriors. These guards were famous tomb of the first Chinese emperor Qin Shihuang. These statues are human size real.en markets, bazaars and alleys spend very entertaining.
Also, Xian is the epicenter of more than 500 universities which is an attraction to companies seeking access to skilled labor. Thanks to its mild climate is also known as the "City of Spring".
Kunming, the kingdom of plants and animals, is a magical place in China. KUNMING Guilin and Yangshuo are great places to take a break from the speed and bustle of big cities. Here the family can enjoy cycling through small villages and rice fields, river cruises on bamboo rafts and snaking around the fantastic limestone mountains so famous in this area, or just take a short walk around. LAND AREA China, the second largest nation in the world by land area and the fourth largest by total area.
   It has an area of 11,418,174 km2 (including Mongolia).
China is second only to Russia in terms of size and is larger than
   Europe and Oceania. It occupies a quarter of the land area in Asia
and about one-twelfth of the area around the world.
The Republic of China officially divided into three levels: At the provincial level the country is divided into 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities directly under the Central
(or municipalities), and 2 special administrative regions.? in districts, provinces and autonomous regions are divided into autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties and cities; A cantonal level, districts and autonomous counties are divided into townships and villages of ethnic minorities. CURRENCY The legal currency in China is the renminbi (RMB). Renminbi means "people's currency" and its basic unit is the yuan. DACEA MAIN ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURE LIVESTOCK FORESTRY FISHING Agriculture has traditionally been the economic mainstay of China and remains an important sector in the national economy, which underpins most of the population. About 80% of crops in China is devoted to food crops.
The most important is rice, which occupies about a third of the total cultivated area.
The second most important food crop is wheat, which grows mostly north of the Huai River. Corn occupies about 20% of the cultivated area.
Its production is the third of the world, is also one of the world's largest producers of peanuts grown in Shandong and Hebei.

Tea is one of the traditional cash crops in China, which remains one of the largest producers, with more than 20% of world supply. The most important of these crops is cotton: annually produces 16.3 million tons, making China the world's largest producer of cotton China maintains a large livestock. The pig is large (more than 40% of the world total). It is the largest exporter of pig bristles. In the western areas, nomadic livestock herds also constitutes the main rural occupation. Most herds consist of sheep, goats and camels. China's forest resources are limited because of centuries of cut for fuel and building materials. The distribution of forests is very uneven. The northeast and southwest contain half of the forests and three-quarters of forest resources. The main species are felled pine, fir, larch and oak, and in the south, teak and mahogany. Other commercial species include the Tung, lacquer tree, camphor and bamboo. Fishing in China is very important, especially for freshwater traditionally several species such as carp, is used as a source of food for the population.
The major producing regions are located near urban centers in the middle and lower valley of the Yangtze River Delta and Zhu-Jiang.
Currently about 50 species are grown commercially interesting. The species most commonly grown are carp, bream and bream Chinese snub-nosed. MAIN BUSINESS
PARTNERS The main trade partners of China remain the European Union (170 530 million, or 0.3% more than the same period last year), U.S. (146 100 million, 9.2% more than in 2011 ), Japan (107,180 million, 1.5% less) and members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (117,650 million, ie 6.7% more than in 2011).
Trade between China and Russia in April 2012 increased by 27.7% to 28,690 million. BUSSINES CULTURE Today, China's population exceeds 1.3 million people, making it the world's most populous country.
Its vast territory is divided into 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macao, and has such prominent cities like Shanghai
Its population is better educated in underdeveloped countries, with more number of engineers than any other country except the U.S.. The composition of the populationof China is about as representing the following scheme:
by region:
Urban 30.9%
69.1% rural
By sex:
50.8% male
49.2% female
By age:
under 14 years 25.4%
15 to 64 years 67.7%
over 65 years 6.9% The behavior of the Chinese still shows a strong influence of Confucian ideas and values​​. For Confucianism harmony and well-being of a society depends on the maintenance of order in social relationships, pyramidal-type in which each individual accepts their role and behaves and relates to his superiors and subordinates in a manner consistent with that role. Understanding these cultural differences becomes a key asset for business success in China. BUSINESS GREETING As first greeting is increasingly popular handshake. Eventually, the greeting may consist of a nod. Tilt your body in the most traditional is not very usual. In any case, wait for the other party initiate the gesture.

Avoid using your hands when talking.

Avoid hugging or patting to greet, to the Chinese, especially those in higher authority, not like physical contact with strangers. Public displays of affection between people of different sexes are frowned upon. Develop a good "Guanxi" is the first step to enter business with China, even if it costs time and money.
By "Guanxi" means a network of relationships and connections between people, cooperating with each other and exchange favors. People who have developed a wide network of contacts have a great asset in "favors" that are critical in business, without "Guanxi" business success is unlikely. APPOINTMENT
AND
MEETING DOING BUSINESS IN CHINA 1. show interest in Chinese culture and tradition is highly valued and appreciated.

2. The casual conversation is especially important at the beginning of a meeting:
Some topics of conversation are: landscape, architecture and art of China, its climate and geography, positive experiences in the country, the positive changes in their travel and other developing countries have done. ENGAGE A CONVERSATION 3. If you are invited to eat at lunch can make comments and compliments about the food. A great conversation can also speak to your kitchen.
4. Talk about Taiwan does not have to avoid, but if you must reference an appropriate manner. You should not refer to Taiwan as the Republic of China and Nationalist China. The correct term to refer to the island is the "Taiwan Province". Taiwan is also correct to say.
5. moving objects in an office that is ordered according to Feng Shui, or mistaking a Japanese tradition with China, can irritate our partners.
6. To address a person use their title and last name. When possible, use their official titles. Married women generally use their maiden name, especially in mainland China. TOPICS TO AVOID 1.Avoid giving its views on controversial political issues and religion.

2. The themes of his relations with the United States.
3. The personal and family matters (except the usual polite questions).
4. Do not use terms like "Red China", "China" and "Red China." Just say 'China'.
5. Avoid giving negative responses.
6. Instead of "no," say "maybe" or "I think". Similarly, when the Chinese say "the problem is not serious" should be interpreted as "a problem". the most common occasion for doing business are the dinners, which start around 18:00 and last about two hours.

Generally the host sits in the center of the table, facing the door. Beside him sits the guest of honor. The rest goes from the center sitting out in descending order of hierarchy. BUSINESS FOOD
Distinguishes between vegetables and cereals.
Food yin (feminine) is tender and water-rich foods like fruits and vegetables, and has a cooling effect.

Food yang (masculine) includes fried foods, spicy and based on meats, and serves to heat.
In all food must seek a balance between the cold and hot, the color and consistency of the food varied and the balance between the five basic tastes (sweet, sour, salty, bitter and spicy).
the exclusively sweet dishes offered only at the end of the banquet given on the occasion of celebrations. MEALS DRESS QUIPAO used clothing for men and women, straight and in one piece, which was called qipao, "banner dress." Normally was silk, trimmed with lace on the sleeves and collar, and became popular in the imperial palace and among the nobles. is the traditional clothing worn by the Han of China (which was most of the population throughout Chinese history), before the Qing Dynasty. HANFU The best attitude to adopt in the meeting with Chinese partners, is sobriety and moderation
Do not over-promises, the Chinese believe in the value of the word humble. Arrogance and pride are major sins for the Chinese. BODY LANGUAJE
1. Calling someone you do not use your index finger, but the open hand and bringing the fingers towards you.
2. In closing his fingers on the palm.
3. Notes with the whole hand open, not with any finger.
4. You should not use your index finger to draw the attention of a person (a waiter, a button, a sales clerk, etc..) Must use the palm of your hand again, and a joint motion of all fingers bend inward to indicate that their presence is required or attention. Close the palm. BODY LANGUAGE UNACCEPTABLE
Gestures.

1. Talk clear voice, soft and clear pronunciation, not speak out and make a few breaks is better assimilate information.

2. BUSINESS SALUTE: As first greeting is increasingly popular handshake. Eventually, the greeting may consist of a nod. Tilt your body in the most traditional is not very usual. In any case, wait for the other party initiate the gesture.

3. Sometimes, the handshake can last more than 10 seconds.
4. Avoid using your hands when talking.
5. Avoid hugging or patting to greet, to the Chinese, especially those in higher authority, not like physical contact with strangers.
5. Personal cards must be presented with both hands.
When this card or received, is very important to take it as the corners of it with both hands and never throw it on the table or to grab it with one hand. GIFTS
French Cognac or brandy, whiskey or any liquor typical of our country, etc.
Pens or pencils quality.
Lighters and cigars.
Office accessories.
Books of History, Folklore and Art (better if they relate to our homeland).
Framed paintings and small sculptures.
Some details of the house (be careful with Eastern tastes).
Ginseng is a detail that is expected.
Calculators and small electronics items for the office.
A mobile phone or other small electronic device. The wine is a very appropriate gift and usually not in your diet.
Watches are not given if the person receiving it is greater.
Give a fruit basket for them means poverty.

The gift and the packaging are so important. Remember to give gifts with two hands ..
Gifts are not opened at the time they are given. They have the habit of opening private.

Never write in red as blood and recalls the great problems that happened in the Cultural Revolution.
Do not always black and white, which for them represents death. China, the second largest nation in the world by land area and the fourth largest by total area.
It has an area of 11,418,174 km2 (including Mongolia).
China is second only to Russia in terms of size and is larger than
Europe and Oceania. It occupies a quarter of the land area in Asia
and about one-twelfth of the area around the world. HANFU
the basic component is rice, the main component of the cuisine of southern China.
the wheat-based products such as pasta are predominant in northern China.

Tea is the most consumed beverage in China.
Traditionally, beer and rice alcohol are reserved for celebrations and holidays.
In the daily meal without drinks served soups and broths to satisfy thirst.
The traditional Chinese cuisine does not use milk because of lactose intolerance.

chopsticks used as utensils and cutlery to eat solid foods, while soups and other liquids are taken with a special spoon with a flat bottom (traditionally made of ceramic). It is also the most populated area of the country's ethnic minorities, with a total of 26 different groups. This region is colorful and special, which is reflected in the costumes, traditional arts and crafts. GUILIN BODY LANGUAGE ACCEPTABLE 5. Nor do some strange gesture with his fingers.
6. People over age authority or in a group waiting to be recognized and saluted before the rest.
7. Spitting in public is very common among the Chinese, but it is a habit that is no longer acceptable. It is very common to serve 20 to 30 dishes. It is important not to eat too much in the first dishes to try a little of each.

Put a dish without tasting can be offensive. At the same time, completely finished dish is a sign that the amount served was not enough.

It is common to provide several times the duration of the food business. The first toast proposed by the host.

Generally, tipping is considered an insult. People over age authority or in a group waiting to be recognized and saluted before the rest.

Spitting in public is very common among the Chinese, but it is a habit that is no longer acceptable.
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