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The America Civil War
Transcript of The America Civil War
The American Civil War
April 1861 to April 1865
1.5 million troops joined the war on the side of the Union
1.2 million went into Confederate service.
An estimated total of 600,000 were killed.
Over 1 million injured
There existed a great economic difference between the northern and the southern states.
North: Manufacturing, Industry, small scale farms.
South: Large agricultural farms very depended on black slaves. (cotton, tobacco)
The Southern States felt that the backbone of their economy (black slaves) was in danger.
The Rising Conflict (The mid 19th century)
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas joined directly after the election in 1860.
Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia joined after the first gunshots of war in 1861.
The Confederate States of America
Formed directly after Abraham Lincoln (anti-slavery northerner) was elected into office in 1860.
11 southern states left the union to form their own government.
President Jefferson Davis
They tried to leave the union peacefully but the United Sates refused to allow the separation.
The Confederate States of America
Fort Sumter in Charleston South Carolina.
President Lincoln announced that he was going to resupply the fort.
The confederate troops attacked lead by Pierre G.T. Beauregard.
After 2 days of battle Fort Sumter's commander, Major Robert Anderson, surrendered to the confederate army.
The War Begins
Uncle Tom's Cabin
On the eve of the Civil war 4 million African Americans were enslaved in the Southern United States.
A steady flow of immigrants into the Northern States provided cheap laborers so the need for slavery slowly diminished in the North.
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe.
Published in newspapers in 1851 and as a book in 1852.
Depicted the evils of slavery and started an anti-slavery campaign across the country.
Became a worldwide best seller within 2 years.
When President Lincoln meet Harriet Stowe he said, "So you’re the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war."
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania July 1–July 3, 1863.
The largest battle of the American Civil War
The largest battle ever fought in North America,
Union’s Army of the Potomac under Major General George Gordon Meade
Confederacy’s Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General Robert Edward Lee.
Casualties at Gettysburg totaled over 40,000.
Considered the turning point of the war.
Emancipate: To set free.
Proclamation: An order to do something.
On September 22, 1863 President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
Lincoln believed that the freed slaves would help fight for the Union Army.
As of January 1st 1864 all slaves in the rebellious states "shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free."
The Gettysburg Address
Digital Time Line
Assign each students an important day, historical battle, or famous figure related to the Civil War.
The students will use internet sources and books to research their given topic.
Students will then right a short, one paragraph, summary of their topic.
To accompany the paragraph students will draw a picture, map, or diagram of their topic.
Students can use the computer, IPad, or paper and crayons to complete their drawing.
When the class is finished we will work together to compile all of the paragraphs and pictures in order on a digital timeline.
SS.5.A.1.1 Use primary and secondary sources to understand history.
SS.5.A.1.2 Utilize timelines to identify and discuss American history time periods.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.1 Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.2 Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.
The War Ends
April 9th 1865: General Robert E. Lee, commander of the confederate army, surrendered at Appomattox Court House in Virginia.
Some terms for surrender were:
Officers were to be pardoned.
Officers would be sent home with their private property, including their horses.
Officers would keep their side arms.
Lee's starving men would be given Union rations.
April 14th 1865: John Wilkes Booth assassinated President Lincoln at Ford's Theater in Washington.
Civil War for Kids.
An interactive map of all of the battles of the Civil War.
Very detailed animated drawing of major Civil War battles.
Interactive Civil War map for kids.
Avery detailed Civil War timeline with newspaper articles and pictures included.
Actual letters and diary's from Civil War Soldiers.
An archive of all records related to the Civil War, including battle plans, diarys, newspapers ect.
Interactive site, including online scrapbooks, to go along with he Civil War Era Dear America books.
Brain Pop video about the Civil War, there is also one about Abraham Lincoln.
An interactive website on all things Civil War.