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Biomes

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sophie cronk

on 29 January 2015

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Transcript of Biomes

Biomes Of the World
By: Sophie Cronk
What is a Biome?
A biome is a large natural community with similar climate, vegetation, and species that occupies a major habitat. The main biomes are...
-Aquatic (Saltwater and Freshwater)
-Desert
-Grassland
-Forest
-Tundra
Aquatic Biomes
Desert
A desert is a barren area of land with low precipitation that reaches high temperatures because of the infrequent rain. Sometimes rain evaporates before it hits the ground. Cacti flourish here. Deserts cover 1/5 of the planet.
Forest
Forests are the largest and most complex biomes. They host many plants, specifically trees, and animals. They come in a few types...
There are deciduous forests, coniferous forests, and rainforests.
Grasslands
Obviously grass is the dominant plant here. Inhabited by grazers, insects, mammals, and ground-nesting birds. They vary from savannas to steppes to prairies.
Tundra
The tundra is known as the 'ice desert.' These flatlands are colder than the grasslands. The tundra is notably the coldest and harshest biome out of the main biomes. Here, it can get as cold as 3 degrees celcius or colder.
Thanks for watching!
comment your thoughts!
Aquatic Biomes can be two different
types---saltwater and freshwater.
Freshwater
Our example: The Great
Lakes


The Great Lakes are located between Canada
and the United States, near Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New York, Illinois, and
Indiana. These are the biggest freshwater lakes in the world. They contain 84% of North America's surface fresh water, and 21% of the world's surface fresh water.
North American
River Otter
Adaptation 1: Otters have
webbed feet to help them
swim through the water.

Adaptation 2: Otters have
ears and noses that close
when they go under water.
Wood Frog
Adaptation 1: 35%to 45% of
their body freezes during the
winter. Then, they thaw in
early spring.

Adaptation 2: Wood frogs thaw
before predators awaken so they
can breed earlier.
Saltwater
Our example: Caribbean Sea
Saltwater supports estuaries, coral reefs,
and oceans. Having a wide variety of habitats
makes diversity flourish. Saltwater oceans all
together host 90% of Earth's volcanic activity.
Saltwater oceans also have 97% of all of
Earth's water.
Stingray
Adaptation 1: Stingrays have stingers and barbs to protect themselves.

Adaptation 2:
Stingrays are flat and burrow under the sand to hide.
Seahorse
Adaptation 1:
Can change colors to match surroundings.

Adaptation 2:
Tail can hold onto grasses and coral.

Adaptation 3:
Has a swim bladder that controls floating.
Camel
Genus: Camelus
Adaptation 1: Camels have thick
coats that shield them from
sandstorms.

Adaptation 2: Camels have
leathery lining in their mouth
that helps chew thorny plants.

Adaptation 3: A camel's coat
lightens in the summer to
reflect heat.
Rattlesnake
Genus: Viperidae
Adaptation 1: Rattlesnakes
have tight scales so
water cannot get to them.
Adaptation 2: Rattlesnakes
hibernate.
Eastern Gray Squirrel
Species: Sciurus Carolinensus
Adaptation 1: Gray squirrels
make several thousand caches
to store their food.

Adaptation 2: Gray squirrels mime
hiding food if they see or hear
another scavenger.

Adaptation 3: They have great
spatial awareness to relocate
their caches.
Pygmy Rabbit
Species: Brachylagus Idahoensis
Adaptation 1: Pygmy
rabbits dig burrows
for shelter.

Adaptation 2: When
they make tunnels in
the winter, their
tunnels go under plants
so they can eat food
without going outside.
Zebra
Adaptation 1: Stripes make
zebras difficult to
distinguish from other zebra.

Adaptation 2: Zebras stay
in herds to confuse predators.
Holstein Cow
Species: Bos Primigenius
Adaptation 1: Cows have
four stomachs to digest food.

Adaptation 2: Their tails swat
flies away from them.
Arctic Fox
Adaptation 1: Foxes can give
birth to up to 25 cubs a year.

Adaptation 2: Their coat is
white so they can blend in with the snow.

Adaptation 3: They have little ears to keep body heat in.
Snowy Owl
Adaptation 1: Snowy owls
have feathers on their
legs and toes to keep
them warm.

Adaptation 2: They have
curled claws to grip onto
their prey.
Species: L. Canadensus
Species: Rana Sylvatica
Genus: Hippocampus
Genus: Dasyatis
Genus: Equus
Species: V. lagopus
B. scandiacus
this was a sophie cronk production
"Adaptations of the Arctic Fox." Adaptations of the Arctic Fox. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2014. <http://adaptations.tripod.com/arcticfox.html>.
"Animal Diversity Web." ADW: Dasyatis: CLASSIFICATION. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May 2014. <http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Dasyatis/classification/>.
"Animals." Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. <http://wikipedia.org>.
"Ask.com - What's Your Question?." Ask.com - What's Your Question?. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2014. <http://www.ask.com>.
"Caribbean Challenge | The Nature Conservancy." Caribbean Challenge | The Nature Conservancy. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May 2014. <http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/caribbean/caribbean-challenge.xml>.
"Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2014. <http://www.google.com/imghp>.
"Oceans." Oceans. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May 2014. <http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/oceanfacts.htm>.
"SNOWY OWL." ARCTIC BIRDS. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2014. <http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/arctic/snowyowl.html>.
"Seahorse Adaptations." Seahorse Adaptations. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2007/walther_samu/Adaptation%20new.htm>.
"Seahorses." Seahorses - Bony Fish. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May 2014. <http://seaworld.org/en/animal-info/animal-bytes/bony-fish/seahorses/>.
"The marine biome." The marine biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/biomes/marine.php>.

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