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Hatshepsut: The Queen who was King
Transcript of Hatshepsut: The Queen who was King
Rise to Prominence:Why she became powerful
Rise to prominence: How she became powerful
Source 3 is a primary source of a life-sized statue of Hatshepsut, wearing the ceremonial garments of an Egyptian Pharaoh. When Thutmose II died (around 1479 B.C) the only heir to his throne was his son; Thutmose III (born from a secondary wife), a child at that time. So, according to custom Hatshepsut became regent Queen, performing all duties until Thutmose III would come of age.
By Tessa Brinkhof
Hatshepsut: "The Queen who was King"
Source 1, a primary source, is a picture on Hatshepusut's wall depicting her mother seated on the birth stool, ready to give birth to her baby. The birth of Hatshepsut caused a great deal of attention during her reign, so historians know for certain that Hatshepsut was born c. 1508 BC and died c. 1458 BC.
Source 2 is a secondary source depicting Hatshepsut’s family tree. Historians know that her parents are Thutmose I and Ahmose. Her father Thutmose I died when she was 12 and she then married her half- brother Thutmose II, bearing a daughter (Neferure) from him. Her reign began in 1479, later becoming the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt.
Role in Egyptian Society
Source 4 is a scene from a temple in Karnak, a primary source. This scene depicts Hatshepsut standing behind her husband, Thutmose II. When Hatshepsut came to power she changed the scene to send out the message that now “he is defied”, and she holds the crook of pharaoh in her right hand. After around 7 years as ruling as regent Queen, Hatshepsut did the unheard of, and took upon herself the title and powers of Pharaoh. Many past Egyptologists thought that this was simply because of her pure ambition that drove her, but recently more scholars have suggested that it may have been because of a political crisis e.g. another royal family threatening to overtake the throne. They believe that the influence behind Hatshepsut’s actions was to save the throne for her stepson, Thutmose III.
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2009/04/hatshepsut/garrett-photography Photo taken by Kenneth Garret
Source five is a secondary source of a social pyramid depicting the ranking and positions in ancient Egyptian society. It shows us the magnitude of a pharaoh’s stature, as pharoah held the most power in ancient Egypt, their word was literally the law. Pharaohs owned all of the land; collecting taxes, making laws, and defending against or invading foreigners. They were the 'High Priest of Every Temple', representing gods on earth which meant they had to perform rituals and build temples to honour the gods. They also had to control the import and export of goods for Egypt, to control the economy, and deal with troubles of the Egyptian Kingdom to maintain peace.
Impact on Society: Positive
Source 6 is a primary source, a scene at Deir el Bahri; it shows men carrying a myrrh tree to Egyptian ships in Punt. This was a trading mission Hatshepsut sent down the Red Sea to acquire luxuries there at around 1470 B.C. This remarkable trade journey then encouraged more trade with other countries, showing us how Hatshepsut positively changed her kingdom, dramatically. She ruled Egypt very successfully for 22 years and during her rule she maintained a steady, prosperous and peaceful country, expanding trade import and exports. She was also responsible for a broader and more effective building program, as well as efficient military campaigns.
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2009/04/hatshepsut/garrett-photography -Photo taken by Kenneth Garret
Impact on Society:Negative
Source 7 is a primary source, it shows pictures on the wall of Dier el Bahri, depicting luxuries and treasures Hatshepsut had brought back from Punt. It again tells historians how her leadership benefitted ancient Egypt. There are no records or evidence stating any substantial negative affects Hatshepsut had on her Kingdom during her reign. The only visible downside to her reign was the impact it had on her step-son, Thutmose III. Who after her death, defaced and damaged almost all of her temples and statues that mentioned and honoured her. This meant the he had dishonoured and defyed her, and society could no longer honour her reign; her many achievments recieving no recognition in those times.
-Unwrapping the Pharoahs by John Ashton and David Down, Publishied by Masterbooks 2007. Page 119
-Unwrapping the Pharoahs by John Ashton and David Down, Publishied by Masterbooks 2007. Page 122.