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Gender Roles in Disney Princess Movies

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by

Helena Dobrev

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Gender Roles in Disney Princess Movies

Conclusions

Sleeping Beauty (1959)

The Walt Disney Company

a number of behavioral and social norms which set an appropriate image for women and men to behave like.


characteristic of the West as opposed to the Orient. Usually relates to America and parts of Europe
not under Communist rule.



Definitions

By: Kaya Afflerbach, S2

Gender Roles in Disney
Princess Movies


Pocahontas (1995)

The Princess and the Frog (2009)

of images shown on Television


According to a study done by Nielsen Media Research, Basow:

Pre-schoolers spend an average of watching television

By the time children are 16 they have spent
watching television than going
to school

Children and Television

How has the portrayal of gender roles changed in Disney princess movies over the past 80 years?

How do Disney princess movies influence children‘s perspective on gender roles?

Key Questions


Definition of gender roles

The Walt Disney Company

The different Disney time periods

Movie Analysis
Time period (1936-1989)
Time period (1990-1999)
Time period (2000-Now)

Effect on children

Children and television

Conclusion


Outline

multinational mass media corporation
founded in Oct. 1923 by Walt and
Roy Disney as the Disney Brothers
Cartoon Studio

their headquarter is located in Burbank, California
one of the largest and best-known studios
in Hollywood
own cable television network called
Disney Channel
several Disney theme parks all
aroung the world

Gender roles:
telegraph.co.uk
30 hours a week
more time
Sleeping Beauty
Pocahontas
The Princess and the Frog
"It's not hard work, but beauty that counts"
"If you dream it, it will happen"
Passive
1937
Television plays a major impact on the way children think about gender.

The Disney princess movies show gender biased behavior in the male and the female characters.

Over the past decades, the of Disney princesses and princes has evolved.

However, the "flawless", barbie-like physical of both the princess and the prince still remains.
1998
2010
1980
1977
1950
1963
The Princess and the Frog (2009)
Gender Analysis
Tiana:

Attributes:
Dislikes fairy tales
Sassy, determined, strong
Hard working

Behavior:
Her biggest dream is owning her own restaurant
Dominant figure compared to the prince
Mother-successful seamstress

Father-works multiple jobs, loves cooking (dies)
Prince Naveen:
Attributes:
Arrogant and spoiled
Holds less power than Tiana
Willing to sacrifice money and royalty for her
Movie Analysis
Sleeping Beauty (1959)
Gender Analysis
Pocahontas (1995)
Gender Analysis
Curious and loves to explore
Disobeys father
Forces John Smith to see the world through her eyes
Attributes:

athletic
adventurous
brave
determined
wise
free-spirited
John Smith
forumbiodiversity.com
Unconscious Internalization
1. Time Period (1937-1989)

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937)
Cinderella (1950)
Sleeping Beauty (1959)
The Little Mermaid (1989)
2. Time Period (1991-1999)

Beauty and the Beast (1991)
Aladdin (1992)
Pocahontas (1995)
Mulan (1998)
3. Time Period (2000-2014)

The Princess and the Frog (2009)
Tangled (2010)
Brave (2012)
Frozen (2014-yet to come)

Princess Aurora
Prince Phillip
Attributes:
weak, sensitive and fragile
beautiful appearance
very high delicate voice
very emotional


passive
Attributes:
brave and strong
handsome and muscular
gentleman
assertive


active

Patriarchal: society led by men

Marries her on the day he saves her and lives "happily ever after..."

Both Princess Aurora and Prince Phillip are royals
The gifts from the fairy god mothers:
Beauty
Singing voice
(no women is shown eating)
Other Gender Stereotypes
Both seem flawless
"Women are capable of success of their own"
"You don't need a prince to save you"

Active
Almost reversed gender roles
Traditional gender roles
Slowly changing roles
"Gender roles do not have to hold you back"
"Stand up for what you believe in"

Half/half
Princess:
Princess:
Princess:
Prince:
Prince:
Prince:
"To win over a girl you must be charming, handsom, and strong"
"You must save the princess"
"Being royal isn't important"
"Men don't always have to be the dominant"
"Men are allowed to have flaws"
behavior and most characteristic
appearance
both
Western perspective:

Plot:
Cursed as a baby

Doomed to fall into a deep sleep of which only a prince can wake her

After 100 years, a Prince Phillip goes into the castle, wakes the princess and they fall in love with each other

Plot:
Capt. John Smith leads English sailors to the New World

Chief Powhatan has pledged his daughter, Pocahontas, to the village's greatest warrior

Smith and Pocahontas fall in love
thevisionary.files.wordpress.com
Other Gender Stereotypes

Father chooses husband for daughter
Village is patriarchal
Women have fixed jobs to do

Father accepts his daughters choices
Pocahontas:

Plot:

Set in New Orleans
Prince Naveen is transformed into a frog and convinces Tiana to kiss him
Tiana gets turned into a frog as well
Naveen and Tiana fall in love on a long journey to break their spell
not a born royal
changes through the influence of Pocahontas
Attributes:

handsome
gentleman
strong
brave
witty
selfless
"If you want a girl's attention, listen to her"
The Princesses
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