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Nova Scotia Confederation
Transcript of Nova Scotia Confederation
About Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia was a small colony with a population of only 331 000 people. The largest city was Halifax with population of 19 580 people. The economy was based on industries of fishing, shipbuilding, shipping, and agriculture.
Reasons To Join
There were many reasons for Nova Scotia to join confederation:
The shipbuilding industry was greatly threatened because of America's steal steamboats. The steamboats were so much better than the wooden boats. Joining meant a more secure and economic future for them.
There would be a better possibility of a railway - useful for trade, it would be cheaper and quicker, and for protection from the fenians, british troops could easily be sent by train.
They could easily trade with Canada even if the U.S. ended free trade.
Before Joining confederation, Nova Scotia had different opinions about confederation. Some wanted to join and some didn't.
In 1864 Charles Tupper went to the Charlottetown and Quebec conference and after talking to other leaders he agreed to bring Nova Scotia into confederation.
In 1866 Charles Tupper was the leader of the government and supported confederation. On the other side Joseph Howe was against confederation. The people of Nova Scotia were against confederation too because in the next federal elections they all voted against confederation. Tupper was the only one supporting it, the other 18 elected were all against confederation.
In December of 1866 they had a final conference called the London Conference. In that conference they finally decided to make an agreement. They called it "The British North American Act" and on July 1st 1867 Canada was born.
It would make trade with B.N.A easier
Better possibility of a railroad
Better protection against the Fenians
improve the economy
Advantages and disadvantages of Joining Confederation
Might lose free trade with the U.S.
Didn't really know the other colonies
Were more interested in a union with the maritime colonies
They wouldn't have much say in what happens in Canada since they were so small
Map of Nova Scotia
Flag of Nova Scotia
Factors To Consider
Joining confederation would be an advantage. There were two parties, the liberals ( Joseph Howe), and the conservatives ( Charles Tupper). The liberals were against confederation, and the conservatives were supporting it.
In the federal election, 1867 anti confederates won 18/19 seats in the Canadian house of commons, and 36/38 seats in the provincial legislature. Charles Tupper was the only one elected in the Canadian house of commons who supported confederation. Though this was only the men's choice because women were not aloud to vote.
Joining confederation would mean that the government wouldn't be getting changed too often, and there wouldn't be any chance of political deadlock.
Considering transportation, I think Nova Scotia should join confederation because there would be better possibility of a railway, which they really needed for transporting goods and for protection against the Fenians and the U.S.
Considering economy, joining confederation would be a good thing. The colony's main industries were fishing, and shipping. Others were farming, and banking. Parts of the colony were facing problems such as, industrial development was slowing down which resulted into fewer immigrants coming into the colony, and the people already there were trying to leave and go elsewhere. The leaders believed that a closer connection of the colonies would make the economy stronger.
Considering population, joining confederation wouldn't be the best thing. Since Nova Scotia was so small and had a small population, they wouldn't have much say in what happens in Canada.
We conclude that Nova Scotia is in favour of confederation, because of the following reasons:
during 1854 and 1864 the province of Canada was changing their government very often, which made it difficult to make important decisions. Joining confederation would bring a solution to this problem.
Just before confederation the U.S. fought a civil war over slavery. Britain helped the people who wanted to keep slavery but the ones who didn't had won. Britain was afraid that the winners would take revenge on B.N.A. Joining confederation would mean that they are a new country and not a British colony anymore, so the Americans won't want to attack.
Joining confederation would also keep the country safe from the Fenians, and will bring in a railway.