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Gun Control Debate

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Kennedy Casey

on 21 November 2013

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Transcript of Gun Control Debate

Gun Control and Self Defense
Gun Control Debate
By: Sarah P, Lauren M, Kennedy C, and Marina C
Necessary or Unconstitutional?
Gun Control and Liberty
Second Amendment
"A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed."
-James Madison, The Constitution of the United States of America
Irrelevant because of federal army
The bill of rights does NOT grant rights
9th amendment: "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."
"well regulated"
Heller v. District of Columbia
* Supreme Court Case about the 2nd Amendment
* The Supreme court rejected provisions of Firearms Control Regulations Act of 1975
The Real Reason for The Amendment
Prevents
tyranny
1791 State militia--> now federal army
Preserved militia member's right to keep weapons for national protection
Gun Control and Background Checks
-Gives everyone the right to protect themselves, their families, and their homes

-Taking away that right robs people of their freedom and puts them in danger
"A well-regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed."
-James Madison,
The Constitution of the United States of America
"The beauty of the Second Amendment is that it will not be needed until they try to take it."

-Thomas Jefferson

"The strongest reason for the people to retain the right to keep and bear arms is, as a last resort, to protect themselves against the government."
-Thomas Jefferson
How the 2nd Amendment Applies to Life Today
“…one of the greatest pieces of fraud, I repeat the word ‘fraud,’ on the American public by special interest groups that I’ve ever seen in my life time. The real purpose of the Second Amendment was to ensure that state armies—the militias—would be maintained for the defense of the state. The very language of the Second Amendment refutes any argument that it was intended to guarantee every citizen an unfettered right to any kind of weapon he or she desires.”
Chief Supreme Court Justice Warren Burger-
Statistics About Guns
0-14 year old mortality rates (2012)
2,608=car accidents
1,010=drowning
201=bicycle accidents
142=guns
Switzerland
no military
every male ages 20-30 receives their own gun
less deaths per year
Sometimes Law Enforcement Arrives TOO LATE...
95% of all 911 responses are too late to stop the crime
"When seconds count between living and dying, the police are only minutes away."

-Peter Van Cleave
Chicago, IL
have the strictest gun laws
2x likely to be killed there than in the war in Afghanistan
none of the guns in any mass shootings in Chicago were registered or obtained legally
2x more likely to be killed there than in Afghanistan during the war
11 years, 4 months=2,166 (Afghanistan)
8 years=4,265 (Chicago)
Mass Shootings
occur mostly in gun-free zones
generally, illegally obtained weapons are used
The Difference Background Checks Can Make
Why We Need Them
40% of gun sales happen without proper background checks
Guns can easily be sold to criminals and those with mental disabilities


How Easy Is it to Buy a Gun?
Who Wants Them?
It was found that states with laws that prohibit the ownership of guns to those with domestic violence restraining orders reduced marital partner murders by an overall 19%
Proof That They Have Worked
How will this stop criminals?
One study found that states that require no universal background checks have a 30% higher level of illegal exportation of guns across state lines than those who do have universal background checks
The current background checks have stopped almost 2 million guns from ending up in the hands of criminals and mentally ill
In many recent polls, nearly 90% of those surveyed support more extensive background checks
Those who want them aren't just democrats; NRA member and Republicans have agreed
For example, in Georgia you need no permit, no registration, or no license of owners of handguns to purchase a gun
Things Harder to Get than Guns
In Arkansas, it takes longer to qualify for food stamps than it does for a gun
In Florida, one must submit their finger prints in to qualify as a substitute teacher, but not to buy a gun (for residents)
Against
Gun Control-
laws controlling gun ownership
Banning guns would create a new black market sale item
About 22 million or 9% of Americans use illegal drugs
Only the "bad guys" would have guns
No self defense for law abiding citizens
Cons of Having Guns for Self Defense
While almost 50% of those with guns cite having them for safety, they are rarely ever used

Having a gun in a household is for safety does not always end up as planned; houses with guns have higher chances of:
suicide
murder by family member (especially women in a domestic violence situation
What if They Ended Up in the Wrong Hands?
While parents or other family members may be permitted to own guns, what about others in the family?
Sandy Hook shooter Adam Lanza committed the mass shooting using one of his mothers many guns kept in the house hold
Bibliography
Axtman, Carla. "Universal background checks do curb incidents of gun violence."
Oregon Live
. N.p., 16 May 2013. Web. 17 Nov 2013. <http://www.oregonlive.com/hillsboro/index.ssf/2013/05/universal_background_checks_do.html>.

Rendall, Steve. "The Self Defense Delusion."
Fair
. N.p.. Web. 15 Nov 2013. <http://fair.org/extra-online-articles/the-self-defense-self-delusion/>.

Clement, Scott. "90 percent of Americans want expanded background checks on guns. Why isn’t this a political slam dunk?." The Washington Post. N.p., 3 Apr 2013. Web. 19 Nov 2013. <http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/wp/2013/04/03/90-percent-of-americans-want-expanded-background-checks-on-guns-why-isnt-this-a-political-slam-dunk/>.

"The 2nd Amendment ." Library of Congress. N.p.. Web. 19 Nov 2013. <http://www.loc.gov/law/help/second-amendment.php>.

"Gun Control - Just Facts." Gun Control - Just Facts. N.p., 2010. Web. 9 Nov. 2013.

"Gun Control and the Media." Pew Research Centers Journalism Project RSS. N.p., 25 Apr. 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

"Gun Laws in the United States (by State)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 14 Nov. 2013. Web. 15 Nov. 2013.

"Gun Politics in Switzerland." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 1 Nov. 2013. Web. 8 Nov. 2013.

"Gun Politics." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Nov. 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

M, Morris. "10 Arguments for Gun Control." Listverse. N.p., 21 Apr. 2013. Web. 9 Nov. 2013.

Messerli, Joe. "BalancedPolitics.org." - Gun Control (Pros & Cons, Arguments For and Against, Advantages & Disadvantages). N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Nov. 2013.

Naik, Abhijit. "Arguments For Gun Control." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 23 Sept. 2011. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.

Nair, Tulika. "Arguments Against Gun Control." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 19 Mar. 2012. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.

"Pro-control Arguments and Responses." Pro-control Arguments and Responses. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

"Quotes About Second Amendment." (27 Quotes). N.p., 2013. Web. 10 Nov. 2013.

Against
Pro
For
Against
Pro
Pro
2008- 16,272 murders in the US
67% with guns
2007- 613 fatal firearm accidents in United States
2011-almost 33,000 Americans victims of gun-related deaths
Full transcript