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Native American Health Care Beliefs

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by

Anne Marie Novosad

on 7 August 2014

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Transcript of Native American Health Care Beliefs

Caring
this means “partnership in healing”
being present, nurturing, connecting
Traditions
“relationship, respect, wisdom, and values”
Connection of heritage helps in the nursing process (this could also mean RESPECTING heritage)
Caring for elders- tradition
Respect
Nursing is compassion and respect
Awareness of what or who native Americans are
“acknowledging wisdom, seeing to understand, willingness to learn, willingness to listen, and willingness to trust”

Callie Davis, Caitlin Kurtz, Anne Marie Novosad, Kristen Orchard, Emily Smith and Ellen Temple
The Native American Culture
Overall Health Beliefs
Medicine man
Illness stems from spiritual problems
Modern life distractions
Life on the reservation
Medicine wheel
Health Practices
Challenges and/or ethical dilemmas for caregivers
Sanitary precautions while in the hospital
Maintaining respect and privacy for their culture
Being aware of aspects in Native American culture such as symbolism.
Implications for provision of care
Social and Religious Beliefs
Gender and Age
References
Alchin, L. (2014) Native American culture: The indigenous people of the United States. Cherokee genealogy. Retrieved from http://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/native-american-culture/

Bhungalia, B., Kelly, T., Van De Keift, S., & Young, M. (n.d.). Indians. Retrieved from: https://bearspace.baylor.edu/Charles_Kemp/www/indian_health.htm

Futures Without Violence. (2014). The Facts on Violence Against American Indian/Alaskan Native Women. Retrieved from: http://www.futureswithoutviolence.org/userfiles/file/Violence%20Against%20AI%20AN%20Women%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf

Gems, E. (2010). Native American Medicine Wheel. Medicine Wheel in Native American culture. Retrieved from https://crystal-cure.com/article-medicine-wheel.html

Heyrman, C. (1997). Native American religion in early America. National Humanities Center. Retrieved from http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/eighteen/ekeyinfo/natrel.htm

Lowe, J., & Struthers, R. (2001)
.
A conceptual framework of nursing in native american culture
. Journal of Nursing scholarship, 33, (3). 279-283. Retrieved from http://nursing.ucla.edu/workfiles/CAIIRE/Articles/conceptual%20framework.pdf

Men's Health Network. (n.d.). A vision for wellness and health equity for American Indian and Alaskan Native boys. Retrieved from: http://www.nihb.org/docs/05142013/AI-AN%20boys%20and%20men%20wellness%20and%20health%20equity.pdf

Primeaux, M. (1977). Caring for the American Indian patient. The American Journal of Nursing, 77 (1). Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org.lib-ezproxy.tamu.edu:2048/stable/3424225

Ryback, C. and Decker-Fitts, A. (2009). Theory and practice: understanding Native American healing practices. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 22(3), 333-342. doi:10.1080/09515070903270900

Skye, Jr W, Schore, R., & Levenson, R. (2009). Native Americans. NKI Centers of Excellence in culturally competent mental health. Retrieved from: http://ssrdqst.rfmh.org/cecc/index.php?q=node/22.

Taylor, C., Lillis, C., LeMone, P., & Lynn, P. (2011) Fundamentals of nursing: The art and science of nursing care (7th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Weiser, K. (2012). Native American Medicine. Legends of America. Retrieved from http://www.legendsofamerica.com/na-medicine.html


Gender:
Women experience sexual violence
Men develop chronic illnesses
Men aren't present in birthing room
Religious Beliefs
• The Great Spirit
• Animism
• Shamanism
• Prayer Sticks
• Vision Quests

Social Beliefs
• Present oriented
• Respect for people in conversation
• Use of soft voices when speaking
• Value giving to others
• Display quiet behaviors

Age:
Children play role with grandparents
Native American children experience mental disparities
Elders endure hardships
1. The framework of nursing in the Native American culture is very similar to mainstream nursing practices, but there are several important differences

2. Native Americans value holistic approaches to healthcare. Because of this belief, Native American Nurses often focus on these seven dimensions of care:

Nursing Framework
7 Dimensions of Nursing in Native American culture
7 Dimensions (cont.)
7 Dimensions (cont.)
Connection
Relationships and foundations
Honoring all people: the past, the present, the future, harmony with nature, honoring the nursing profession, sharing and anticipating, and exploring similarities and differences
Holism
“you heal parts of self with healing of others; caring goes beyond physical into the spirit world”
Noncompartmentalization; Flowing with harmony
“Native American nurses are not always engaged in activity as silence is a treatment”
Silence- very important in Native American culture
Pursuing Spiritual, emotional, and physical peace
Trust
Responsibility to build a relationship with the patient
Confidentiality and integrity
Spirituality
The art of touching someone has spiritual power
It is an honor to be present at birth and death

As nurses from other cultures, we can adopt the same practices when treating patients of Native American Decent

Native Americans practice a unique array of healing methods.
Holistic
Involves both physical and spiritual aspects of the person.
At the time of European arrival, Native Americans experienced a good level of health
Powwow
Smudging
Pipe Smoking
Powwow
Flute and drum music
Body of drum is symbolic of the world
rhythmic beating of drum is symbolic of heartbeat of the world
Dancing
Said to connect living tribe members to their ancestors.
Brings on feelings of peace
Stress Relief
Smudging
Involves passing the smoke from burning certain types of wood across the body
Cedar and sage dispel negative energy
Sweetgrass attracts positive energy
Herbal Medicine
May be ingested, inhaled or applied as ointment
Beneficial effects are believed to come not only from the plants themselves, but the relationship between the healer and the plant
Bring back balance emotionally, intellectually, spiritually, and physically
Healing
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