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Social Theorists: Lev Vygotsky & Albert Bandura

two theorists. social learning theory

adeola alabi

on 11 March 2011

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Transcript of Social Theorists: Lev Vygotsky & Albert Bandura

Lev Vygotsky & Albert Bandura The Social Learning Theory Lev Vygotsky Russian Psychologist Children construct their knowledge from their immediate social environments and used adults as a tool to solve their “knowledge problems”. Language plays a central role in mental development and is a unique, natural, and biological feature of humans. Development can not be separated from its social context, as social contact is essential to learning and a child’s early development. Albert Bandura Canadian Psychologist Behavior is shaped by the environment but that the behavior also shapes and changes the environment in a back forth way Believed that good role models will produce better behavior than negative role models Importance Believed that necessary conditions were required for effective modeling of the Social Learning Theory
1. Attention — various factors increase or decrease the amount of attention paid. One’s unique and personal characteristics affect attention.
2. Retention — remembering what was paid attention to.
3. Reproduction — reproducing the image.
4. Motivation — having a good reason to imitate. (for fun, the norm etc.) Social contacts are essential for children Caregivers who are able to provide plenty of opportunities for social contact for children will encourage good language and thinking skill development Good role models are essential to produce good behavior Theory influences and encourages care givers to be the best role models that they can be Parents could use the theory’s core ideas to support the refusal to allow children to associate with others they consider to be bad influences
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