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INPUT AND INTERACTION IN SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING

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mayra alejandra trujillo

on 18 October 2015

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Transcript of INPUT AND INTERACTION IN SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING

Language learning in more social terms
Introduction
The role of the interaction in the first language acquisition
Output Hypothesis (swain 1985-1995)
More Than Practice, it has to do with the development of interlanguage, so He proposes

The noticing Function
Hypothesis-testing Function
Metalinguistic Function

Output in Second Language Acquisition
Input in Second Language Acquisition: Krashen's "input hypothesis"
INPUT AND INTERACTION IN SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING
BY ROSAMOND MITCHELL AND FLORENCE MYLES
Long's "Interaction Hypothesis" Long expanded on Krashen's Input Hypothesis by introducing, Modify Interaction, conversational-interational adjustment (negotiation and repair), comprehension Input and Language Acquisition
Interaction in Second Language Acquisition
Rethinking The Interaction Hypothesis
Long's Reformulation, 1996.
Feedback, Recast and Negative Evidence

Role of language use in Interlanguage development
Input and Interaction in First Language
"Baby Talk"
Child -Directed Speech (CDS)
Recast
Foreigner Talk
Input Hypothesis -Comprehensible Input-intake
Attention, Consciousness-raising and "Focus on Form"
Long's "Interaction Hypothesis"
Evaluation: The Scope of Interactionist Research
Limitations of interactionist research
Achievements of Interaction Research
Theorizing Input and Interaction Research
Semantically contingent
Child, "Go now." Adult, "Do you want to go to the park now?
Richards and Gallaway (1994)
Negative Evidence
Confirmation Check
Clarification request
NS-NNS
Repetition
Comprehension checks
NS-NNS
Pica et al.,1987
Dissenter
Noam Chomsky (1986)
This study fosters "pushed output"
Learner: Last weekend, a man painting, painting "Beware of the dog"
Teacher: Sorry?
Learner:A man painted, painted, painted on the wall "Beware of the dog"
Nobuyoshi and Ellis, 1993
Native and non-native speaker interlocutors work actively to achieve understandings
Negotiation involves both linguistic and interactional modifications
Non-native speakers participants in "negotiations for meaning"
Learners receive negative feedback
Connection
Input/Linguistic
Environment- Learner internal Factors
Environmental Contributions to SLA
Selective Attention
Learners' developing L2 capacity
Negative evidence in first Language Acquisition
Negative Feedback and recast in Native Speaker- non-Native Speaker and non-native speaker- non-native Speaker discourse
Negative Feedback and recast in L2 Classroom
Experimental Studies in Negative Feedback
Mackey and Philips (1998) : The use of recast in language question form


Han (2002): Recast in English as second Language storytelling


Long et al (1998): Recast Vs Modeling in Acquisition through communicative games


Nicholas et al (2001)How learners pay attention to feedback and interprete it
It has been developed the idea that amount of learners' attention to language form, influence the extent to second language input and interaction actually produce second language Intake.
Richard Schmidt (1990,1994,2001)

Types of attention:

Noticing, voluntarily- involuntarily Knowledge
Understandings and awareness for explicit Knowledge



Child: Fix Lily
Mother:oh.... Lily will fix it

Sokolov and Snow (1994)
It has been carried out within anglophone educational setting
Second language acquisition must be the result of interaction between environmental stimulus
Learner:why does the aliens attacked earth?
teacher: right. Why did the aliens attack earth?

Input Processing
Autonomous Induction Theory
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