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The Principles of Design

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Kari Wilson

on 21 July 2013

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Transcript of The Principles of Design

The Principles of Design
Rhythm and Movement
Repeating elements to cause a viewer's eye to move around the composition.
When one element in an artwork appears
to be more important or attracts the most attention.
Using different elements or
materials in a work of art
Rhythm can occur from repetition of a series of elements, this repetition creates the feeling of movement within a composition.
In Charles Demuth's "The Figure 5 in Gold"
what elements or images have been
repeated to create movement?
When elements are repeated, they create patterns,
3 types are:

-repeating the same shape or element with little or no variation -


-repeating 2 or more elements on an alternating basis -

- repeating elements with no specific order or placement -
Artists use the Principles of Design as a guide to arrange the Elements of Art (line, shape, value, color, space, form, texture) in a composition.
"The Scream" by Edvard Munch, involves a rhythm of undulating shapes and twisting lines that move the viewer's eye from the upper left to the lower right where the screaming figure stands.
What type of pattern did Warhol create in "Coca Cola Green Bottles?"
The 6 Principles of Design are:
Emphasis creates a focal point or area we tend to look at first. There are many ways to create emphasis in an artwork: placement on the page, size, details, or contrast.
Elements that are evenly arranged to have equal
visual weight in a composition.
In Norman Lewis' "The Yellow Hat" what area is emphasized?
How was emphasis
What area of this still life
by Paul Cezanne is emphasized?
by Edward Hopper
has a definite area of emphasis.
What draws your eye to the right side?
To avoid monotony in artwork the artist uses a variety of elements such as colors, lines, shapes or textures.
Variety = Contrast
Contrast creates interest
How has the artist used a variety of elements
in "Tar Beach," a quilt by
Faith Ringgold?
Using common elements or a common motif in a work of art.
Arranging the elements of art so they work together as one unit.
In this painting by Georgia O'Keefe the artist uses the same type of lines, shapes and a common color scheme to create unity.
In this Cubist painting by Picasso, how many different ways did he create variety?
What does Gustav Klimt use to unify his Painting "The Kiss"
The size relationships of parts to each other and the whole composition.
Proportion can be used to show emphasis, distance in space and balance.
Proportion is used comparing the size of the figure in the foreground to the house and barn indicating distance.
In this drawing by MC Escher the artist used accurate human proportions so the drawing looks very realistic in the hand and the reflection on the surface of the orb.
Balance is a perceived stability in a composition and is affected by the placement of art elements.

- element are the same on both sides
-elements are evenly arranged but there is no set order
-elements radiating out from a center point
Name the type of balance that Escher used in this drawing.
In Salvador Dali's "The Face of Mae West" what type of balance is used?
In the "Wearing of Furniture" by Dali, he used the most common type of balance you will see in artwork, what is it?
Now, lets look at these two works of art. Work with your group to name 3 Principles of Art that have been used in each.
Jacob Lawrence, "Parade"
Umberto Boccioni, "Unique Forms of Continuity in Space"
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